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Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In this text, a variety of modal logics at the sentential, first-order, and second-order levels are developed with clarity, precision, and philosophical insight. All of the S1-S5 modal logics of ... More


Bounded Thinking: Intellectual virtues for limited agents

Adam Morton

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658534
eISBN:
9780191746192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658534.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The book describes virtues of limitation management, intellectual virtues of adapting to the fact that we cannot solve many problems that we can easily describe. How to be profitably stupid. It ... More


The ‘Actual’ in Actualism 1

Julia Driver

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The work of Frank Jackson has been important to at least two central debates in consequentialist ethical theory: (1) between possibilism and actualism and (2) between objective consequentialism and ... More


Quantified Modal Logic

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

in Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter describes the syntax of first-order modal predicate logic and develops the first-order extensions of the different sentential modal logics constructed in Chapter 2. The authors ... More


Second-Order Modal Logic

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

in Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter extends the systems to the level of second-order modal predicate logic, where the notion of existence that is central to the actualism-possibilism distinction is given deeper and ... More


The Difficulty of Difficulty

Adam Morton

in Bounded Thinking: Intellectual virtues for limited agents

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658534
eISBN:
9780191746192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658534.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

To be prudent we have to know how hard the problems we expect to face are, and this is not at all simple. In order to plan sequences of actions we have to know in advance which problems we can solve. ... More


Actualism, Possibilism, and Beyond 1

Jacob Ross

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is about the following question: what is the relationship between how we ought to act and how we ought to prefer that we act? Part 1 concerns the actualist answer to this question, ... More


Replies to My Colleagues

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this essay, I consider several objections raised by John Pollock against my account of modality. I define possibilism – i.e., the view that there is a property that does not entail existence, but ... More


Strategic Oughts

John F. Horty

in Agency and Deontic Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134612
eISBN:
9780199833269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134613.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The notion of what an agent ought to do at a moment is generalized to yield a notion of what the agent ought to do over extended periods of time. This requires us to develop the notion of a strategy ... More


Commonsense Consequentialism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues that the best version of act-utilitarianism (as well as the best version of consequentialism) will: (1) evaluate sets of actions and not just individual actions, (2) presuppose ... More


Opting for the Best: Oughts and Options

Douglas W. Portmore

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190945350
eISBN:
9780190945381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945350.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book concerns what is, perhaps, the least controversial normative principle concerning action: you ought to perform your best option—best, that is, in terms of whatever ultimately matters. The ... More


Being and Essence

Kris McDaniel

in The Fragmentation of Being

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198719656
eISBN:
9780191788741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719656.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The focus of this chapter is on the connections between being and essence, where “essence” is primarily understood as strict essence. The chapter discusses whether every entity has a strict essence; ... More


(Trans) Nation, Geography, and Genius: Gertrude Stein’s Geographical History of America

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter traces the engagements of Gertrude Stein’s multi-generic text The Geographical History of America with the genre of the geographical history associated with Ellen Churchill Semple. The ... More


Conclusion

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The conclusion considers the implications of the geopoetic method laid out in the book that seeks to historicize the spatial strategies of literary texts—even experimental poetic ones—in the context ... More


The possibilists: Romantic-era literary forgery and British alternative pasts

Mary-Ann Constantine

in Counterfactual Romanticism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781784991418
eISBN:
9781526150370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526107077.00009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Theorising the relation between forgery and Romantic counterfactualism, this chapter analyses the credit afforded to forged pasts and texts during the Romantic period. The chapter argues that in the ... More


Consequences Involving Other Acts

Ingmar Persson

in From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Frank Jackson and Robert Pargetter have distinguished two forms of consequentialism, Actualism: that one ought to do an action if what would be the case were one to perform it would be best, and ... More


Toward a New Cycle of Struggles

Antonio Negri

in Factory of Strategy: Thirty-Three Lessons on Lenin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146821
eISBN:
9780231519427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146821.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines how Vladimir Lenin’s “Left-Wing” Communism, an Infantile Disorder gives rise to a new cycle of struggles: the beginning of a discussion of the strategy, tactics, and ... More


 Contingentism and Necessitism

Timothy Williamson

in Modal Logic as Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199552078
eISBN:
9780191752506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552078.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Necessitism is the view that necessarily everything is necessarily something (so ontology is non-contingent). Analogously, permanentism is the view that always everything is always something (so ... More


How to Be an Actualist and Blame People

Travis Timmerman and Philip Swenson

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 6

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198845539
eISBN:
9780191880711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845539.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The actualism/possibilism debate in ethics concerns the relationship between an agent’s free actions and her moral obligations. The actualist affirms, while the possibilist denies, that facts about ... More


Rationalist Maximalism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Opting for the Best: Oughts and Options

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190945350
eISBN:
9780190945381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945350.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Rationalism holds that our current options consist in all and only those events over which we presently exert rational control. Maximalism holds that the only options that have their deontic status ... More


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