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Positron Emission Tomography: Glucose Metabolism Studies in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Thomas R. Henry

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Epilepsy poses unique problems and opportunities for cerebral imaging with positron emission tomography (PET). After reviewing PET methods in epilepsy applications, this chapter addresses the ... More


Brain Imaging in the Evaluation of Putative Alzheimer’s Disease-Slowing, Risk-Reducing and Prevention Therapies

Eric M. Reiman and Jessica B. S. Langbaum

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter describes the emerging roles of brain imaging and other biomarker measurements of Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression and pathology in the evaluation of putative AD-slowing, ... More


Amyloid Imaging and (What is “Normal”?) Aging

William E. Klunk and Chester A. Mathis

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

One thing that has become clear from amyloid imaging studies is how early the full burden of plaques accumulate, often by the time a patient first develops symptoms. This finding brings with it the ... More


Dopaminergic Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease: PET

Biju Gopalakrishnan and A. Jon Stoessl

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a functional imaging technique utilized in Parkinson’s disease (PD) largely to assess the integrity of the nigrostriatal dopamine system. This chapter reviews ... More


Progression of Parkinson’s Disease Revealed by Imaging Studies

David J. Brooks

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses imaging studies of Parkinson's disease (PD). Imaging dopaminergic function with positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon computed emission tomography (SPECT) or ... More


Functional Imaging with FDG-PET in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Karl Herholz

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Assessment of regional cerebral glucose metabolism by FDG-PET at the resting state is a standard functional technique to assess cerebral function. An increasing body of evidence indicates that ... More


Cerebral Correlates of Memory Consolidation During Human Sleep: Contribution of Functional Neuroimaging

Philippe Peigneux, Stevan Laureys, Axel Cleeremans, and Pierre Maquet

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The brain dynamics in humans can be explored using a wide variety of non-invasive neuroimaging techniques: electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy ... More


Functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography studies of motion perception, eye movements, and reading

Mark W. Greenlee

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter addresses the recent findings from studies of visual motion processing, eye movements, and reading. It specifically outlines the brain-imaging studies that have studied cortical ... More


The neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the results of experiments on neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography conducted at the Research Imaging Center in San Antonio, Texas. The experiments focused on ... More


The specializations of the human neocortex

Richard E. Passingham

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The behavioural data reviewed in the chapters came mainly from the effects of brain lesions. The chapters were written before the invention of positron emission tomography (PET) or functional ... More


Language in the Brain

Andrea Moro

in The Boundaries of Babel: The Brain and the Enigma of Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134989
eISBN:
9780262280204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134989.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter uses the fundamental aspects of language discussed in Chapter 1 to analyze two brain experiments. The presentation of the experiments is preceded by a brief sketch of the two fundamental ... More


Dopamine as the dependent variable

Richard J. Beninger

in Life's rewards: Linking dopamine, incentive learning, schizophrenia, and the mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198824091
eISBN:
9780191862755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824091.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Dopamine as the dependent variable discusses how postmortem biochemistry, intracerebral microdialysis, electrophysiological recording, in vivo electrochemistry, and positron emission tomography ... More


Electrophysiological and Optical Measures of Cognitive Aging

Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews optical brain imaging and electrophysiology in the context of other available methodologies as they apply to aging research. Both methods emphasize the temporal aspects of the ... More


Migraine pathogenesis examined with contemporary techniques for analysing brain function

K.M.A. Welch

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Progress in the understanding of migraine pathogenesis has been hampered by the unavailability of animal models for this disorder. Thus, there has been limited study of the human condition itself. ... More


Molecular Imaging of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disease

Anna Rieckmann, Randy L. Buckner, and Trey Hedden

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199372935
eISBN:
9780190662264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372935.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The study of the cognitive neuroscience of aging has evolved to include focus on molecular and cellular processes in the brain that develop across the lifespan. The chapter “Molecular Imaging of ... More


Brain: Electroencephalography and Imaging

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The presence of recognizable electrical rhythms of the brain has excited the curiosity and imagination of both professionals and laypeople alike. Psychophysiologists, neurologists, and science ... More


Functional neuroimaging and memory systems

Raymond J. Dolan

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent work on human imaging of memory. Essentially, functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography are scanning methods that visualize regional increases ... More


Intersecting the divide between working memory and episodic memory: Evidence from sustained and transient brain activity patterns

Petter Marklund and Lars Nyberg

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and event-related potential (ERP) studies of episodic memory retrieval, working memory and of ... More


Understanding the Brain

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter summarily describes some of the technologies that are currently being used to image living brains and understand brain behaviour. The important projects in this area are briefly ... More


PV Modeling of Medical Imaging Systems

John Chiverton and Kevin Wells

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter applies a Bayesian formulation of the Partial Volume (PV) effect, based on the Benford distribution, to the statistical classification of nuclear medicine imaging data: specifically ... More


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