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Positive Feedback Investment Strategies

Andrei Shleifer

in Inefficient Markets: An Introduction to Behavioral Finance

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292272
eISBN:
9780191596933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292279.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Expands the idea that rational arbitrage not only may be limited in bringing about market efficiency but may actually generate price bubbles and make markets less efficient. It begins by presenting ... More


Multipliers and the LeChatelier Principle

Paul Milgrom

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines Samuelson's Le Chatelier principle of how the market responds to a change in parameters of demand and supply curves. It uses examples in demand theory, economic policy, and ... More


Positive Feedbacks

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter examines the main mechanisms leading to positive feedbacks, that is, self-reinforcement, such as imitative behavior and herding between investors. It shows that positive feedbacks ... More


The Consequence of Feedback I: Coevolution

Gary Tomlinson

in Culture and the Course of Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226548494
eISBN:
9780226548661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226548661.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Feedback is a twentieth-century name for a dynamic that has been understood to be basic to evolution at least since Darwin’s proposal of natural selection. Feedback is an important aspect of the ... More


Stellar Feedback and Galaxy Formation

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter studies radiative, mechanical, and chemical feedback in the earliest gaseous clouds, taking up the thread of discussion in the previous chapter to consider the influences placed on the ... More


Regime shifts

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter lays the foundation for investigating system regimes and potential regime shifts (fundamental changes of ecosystem structure and feedbacks, with long-lasting effects on native ... More


Perceived Returns and the Modeling of Financial Behavior

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter describes a few simple models that explain financial behavior by the perceived returns on financial assets and thereby provide evidence of positive feedback from past returns to the ... More


Studying Emergence:: 15 Fields of Complexity Science

Benyamin Lichtenstein

in Generative Emergence: A New Discipline of Organizational, Entrepreneurial, and Social Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199933594
eISBN:
9780199388370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933594.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The origins of complexity science lie in 50+ years of research into nonlinear dynamics in the fields of mathematics, physics, biology, information science, and system dynamics. Following numerous ... More


Attractors and Locked-In Art: Art History as a Complex System

Francis Halsall

in Speculative Art Histories: Analysis at the Limits

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474421041
eISBN:
9781474438605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421041.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

My speculation in this paper is to consider, in short, what if art history is a system? In other words what does it means to think about art through the systems-thinking. To do so would mean ... More


Puberty: It Started With a Little Kiss . . .

Cheryl L. Sisk and Russell D. Romeo

in Coming of Age: The Neurobiology and Psychobiology of Puberty and Adolescence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780195314373
eISBN:
9780197507094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195314373.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 2 provides an overview of the neural and endocrine mechanisms that govern the timing and onset of puberty (reproductive maturation). The cells and hormones that comprise the ... More


I Can’t Explain

Judith Harackiewicz

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Judith Harackiewicz reflects on her most underappreciated work: a paper entitled “Rewarding pinball wizardry” that explored the effects of rewards on intrinsic motivation. Harackiewicz performed a ... More


Behavioral Aspects of Commodity Markets

John R. Nofsinger

in Commodities: Markets, Performance, and Strategies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190656010
eISBN:
9780190656041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656010.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Are behavioral biases prevalent in commodities and futures markets? Although retail equity investors display many psychological biases, investors who are more sophisticated exhibit fewer biases. The ... More


Growth regulation, feedbacks, and their dynamical consequences

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter starts with proving the inevitability of population growth regulation, and concludes with an explanation of the exclusive resource limitation principle that, through determining ... More


Liquidity and Speculation

André Orléan

in The Empire of Value: A New Foundation for Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262026970
eISBN:
9780262323901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026970.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Two models of market behavior are contrasted, one characterized by negative feedbacks, where the agent's relationship to the commodities being exchanged is determined independently of the market, the ... More


Hierarchies, Complex Fractal Dimensions, and Log-Periodicity

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter describes the concept of fractals and their self-similarity, including fractals with complex dimensions. It shows how these geometric and mathematical objects enable one to codify the ... More


Why is Exit So Hard? Positive Feedback and Institutional Persistence

Taylor St John

in The Rise of Investor-State Arbitration: Politics, Law, and Unintended Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198789918
eISBN:
9780191831553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789918.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter eight analyzes why institutions persist, even when they generate unintended consequences for the states that created them. The chapter sets out a typology of possible actions that governments ... More


2050: The End of the Growth Era?

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter examines stock market crashes in the entire financial history of the United States as well as the world economy and population dynamics over the last 2,000 years. It suggests the ... More


International Officials and the Rise of ISDS: A Historical Institutionalist Account

Taylor St John

in The Rise of Investor-State Arbitration: Politics, Law, and Unintended Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198789918
eISBN:
9780191831553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789918.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter builds a new explanation for the rise of ISDS, drawing on the theoretical tradition of historical institutionalism. It begins with a general discussion of the promise of historical ... More


The Winner Takes It All: How Decisions Emerge

Thomas Boraud

in How the Brain Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824367
eISBN:
9780191863202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824367.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the general principles that are necessary for a neural system to make decisions. A glance at the literature shows that the simplest system to obtain an imbalance between two ... More


Scale as an Investigative Tool

T.F.H. Allen and Thomas B. Starr

in Hierarchy: Perspectives for Ecological Complexity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226489544
eISBN:
9780226489711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226489711.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The diversity of life forms depends on the existence of the eukaryotic cell. Eukaryotes overcome scaling conflicts where increased size separates the working structural parts from genetic ... More


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