Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-16 of 16 items

  • Keywords: positive duties x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Pablo Gilabert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Do we have positive duties to help others in need or are our moral duties only negative, focused on not harming them? Are any of the former duties of justice that respond to enforceable rights? Is ... More


Negative duties and the libertarian challenge

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A defense of basic positive duties of justice must address the standard libertarian objections to the enforcement of assistance. Focusing on Jan Narveson’s contractarian construal of libertarianism, ... More


Human Rights Transformed: Positive Rights and Positive Duties

Sandra Fredman FBA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199272761
eISBN:
9780191709814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272761.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book moves beyond the artificial boundary between socio-economic and civil and political rights and instead focuses on the positive duties to which all rights give rise. Human rights have ... More


The Structure of Positive Duties

Sandra Fredman

in Human Rights Transformed: Positive Rights and Positive Duties

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199272761
eISBN:
9780191709814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272761.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter demonstrates that it is artificial to distinguish between rights according to their correlative duties. All rights give rise to both duties of restraint and positive duties. It then asks ... More


Human Rights Values Refashioned: Liberty, Equality, and Solidarity

Sandra Fredman

in Human Rights Transformed: Positive Rights and Positive Duties

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199272761
eISBN:
9780191709814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272761.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter argues that human rights hold out more than just the promise of freedom from State interference. Drawing on the work of Sen, Nussbaum, Sunstein, Rawls and others, it is argued that human ... More


Basic positive duties of justice: a contractualist defense

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a contractualist account of basic positive duties of justice fulfilling the global sufficientarian demand to eradicate severe global poverty. It draws on, and further develops, ... More


The Sacrifices of the Innocent

David Cummiskey

in Kantian Consequentialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is a basic structural feature of consequentialism that (at least in principle) it may sometimes require the sacrifice of the innocent. Chs. 5 and 6 argued that respect for persons involves both ... More


The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Abortion is considered in relation to the doctrine of the double effect, which distinguishes between the intentions behind an action and consequences foreseen but not desired. This doctrine, often ... More


Negative and Positive Security of Person

Rhonda Powell

in Rights as Security: The Theoretical Basis of Security of Person

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199589111
eISBN:
9780191792557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199589111.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In Chapter 6 it is argued that the right to security of person correlates to both negative and positive duties. The right to security of person should not only restrain the state from threatening or ... More


Sovereignty for Animals?

Alasdair Cochrane

in Sentientist Politics: A Theory of Global Inter-Species Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198789802
eISBN:
9780191831485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789802.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 5 considers whether, within the proposed sentientist global political order, some groups of wild animals ought to be granted their own political communities. Indeed, Donaldson and Kymlicka ... More


The Received View and Its Rivals

Thomas J. Donahue-Ochoa

in Unfreedom for All: How the World's Injustices Harm You

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190051686
eISBN:
9780190051716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051686.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 3 considers the received view’s answers to the book’s final two questions, as well as the answers given by rival theories to all five of its questions. It begins by challenging three rival ... More


Deontological Principles

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume Three

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198778608
eISBN:
9780191853487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778608.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the harm principle. According to this principle, our negative duties not to harm people are much stronger than our positive duties to make things go better by saving people ... More


Who Turned the Trolley?

F. M. Kamm

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lecture I begins with a brief history of changing views on what the Trolley Problem is and attempts to solve it. The lecture then critically examines Judith Thomson’s recent view that a moral ... More


October 2001: Suing Local Authorities for Child Protection Failures

Kenneth McK Norrie

in Professor Norrie's Commentaries on Family Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781845861193
eISBN:
9781474406246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861193.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Discusses TP v United Kingdom [2001] 34 EHRR 42 where the complainants sought to extent the Osman ruling (but failed) and Z v United Kingdom [2001]34 EHRR 97 where the European Court of Human Rights ... More


Rights as Security: The Theoretical Basis of Security of Person

Rhonda Powell

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199589111
eISBN:
9780191792557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199589111.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The right to security of person is widely recognized but little understood. Courts, legislatures, scholars, and others disagree about how the right to security of person should be defined. This book ... More


Capabilities Approaches and Labour Law through a Relational and Restorative Regulatory Lens

Bruce P. Archibald

in The Capability Approach to Labour Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198836087
eISBN:
9780191873447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836087.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter examines the question of whether the law should prohibit or prevent jobs that are robotic in the nature of their performance against two normative frameworks: first, the framework of ... More


View: