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Against Valence (“Positive” and “Negative” Emotions) (2001)

Robert C. Solomon

in Not Passion's Slave: Emotions and Choice

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145496
eISBN:
9780199833726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145496.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

I argue against the common idea that emotions can be defined in terms of their valence, as positive and negative affects. I argue that the polarity is simple‐minded and refers to many different ... More


Positive Relationship Science: A New Frontier for Positive Psychology?

Nathaniel M. Lambert, Frank D. Fincham, A. Marlea Gwinn, and Christine A. Ajayi

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter joins an ongoing effort to establish a positive relationship science (PRS). It has a twofold objective: firstly, to review research on positive constructs likely to facilitate ... More


Positive Affect Interventions to Reduce Stress: Harnessing the Benefit While Avoiding the Pollyanna

Laura R. Saslow, Michael Cohn, and Judith Tedlie Moskowitz

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Positive affect has a wide variety of adaptive consequences, including improved coping and better physical health. Positive affect intervention studies have found that it is possible to teach skills ... More


Origins and Functions of Positive Affect: A Goal Regulation Perspective

Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier, and Sheri L. Johnson

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a goal regulation model of positive affect. The overall model is one in which affect derives from the moment-to-moment sense of velocity with respect to goal attainment in ... More


The heritability and development of positive affect and emotionality

C. Robert Cloninger and Danilo Garcia

in Genetics of Psychological Well-Being: The role of heritability and genetics in positive psychology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686674
eISBN:
9780191766787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Positive affect is a superordinate dimension of transient affective states and is suggested as being independent of negative affective states, whereas positive emotionality is the corresponding ... More


The Nature and Adaptive Implications of Pain-Affect Dynamics

Mary C. Davis, Chung Jung Mun, Dhwani Kothari, Shannon Moore, Crys Rivers, Kirti Thummala, and Giulia Weyrich

in Motivational Perspectives on Chronic Pain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190627898
eISBN:
9780190627928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627898.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Because pain is in part an affective experience, investigators over the past several decades have sought to elaborate the nature of pain-affect connections. Our evolving understanding of the ... More


Positive Affect: A Pathway to Better Physical Health

Sarah D. Pressman and Stephanie L. Bowlin

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Medical research has long focused almost exclusively on the detrimental impact of negative affect (e.g., hostility, stress, depression), ignoring the possibility that positive affect might play a ... More


Understanding the Neurobiology of Core Positive Emotions through Animal Models: Affective and Clinical Implications

Jaak Panksepp

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter summarizes the primary-process (“core”) positive emotions that are the birthrights of mammals and the foundations of the human mind, and which are next to impossible to understand ... More


Positive Affect and Adolescent Development: Emerging Levels of Understanding and Clinical Implications

Dana L. McMakin and Ronald E. Dahl

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by marked changes in emotion, motivation, and many aspects of behavior, which influence—and are influenced by—neural systems of positive affect. In ... More


Positive Affect Systems in Depression: The Road Less Traveled

Greg Siegle, Erika Forbes, and Jennifer Silk

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The prevailing psychiatric diagnostic system considers depression a monolithic syndrome that is characterized by either high negative affect or low positive affect, without differentiating between ... More


Older and Happier?: Age-related Effects on Positive Emotion

Monika Lohani, Mary Jo Larcom, and Derek M. Isaacowitz

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we consider the degree to which advancing age brings with it an increase in positive emotion. After reviewing descriptive findings from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies ... More


Genetic and Environmental Influences on Positive Emotionality

Ragnhild Bang Nes

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Some people seem to have more joy juice than others, experiencing more positive emotions. Why is this so? An abundance of studies have shown that positivity runs in families, suggesting that positive ... More


A Review of Psychological Well-Being and Mortality Risk: Are All Dimensions of Psychological Well-Being Equal?

Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Laura D. Kubzansky, and Tyler J. VanderWeele

in Measuring Well-Being: Interdisciplinary Perspectives from the Social Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197512531
eISBN:
9780197512562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197512531.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Psychological well-being (PWB) is associated with lower chronic disease and mortality risk and may be enhanced with relatively low-cost interventions. Such interventions target specific dimensions of ... More


The Role of Positive Affect on Thinking and Decision-Making: A Tribute to Alice Isen

Judith Tedlie Moskowitz, Margaret S. Clark, Anthony D. Ong, and June Gruber

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

No book on positive emotion and cognition would be complete without the work of Alice Isen. This chapter is a special dedication to the memory of Dr. Alice Isen who was unable to complete this ... More


From emotion to feeling: The internal structure of the Feeling component

Johnny J. R. Fontaine and Klaus R. Scherer

in Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199592746
eISBN:
9780191762765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

We explain the operationalization of the feeling component, which was based on five frequently used approaches: the positive affect / negative affect model, the pleasure-arousal model, the tense ... More


Learning Mechanisms in Affective Disorders

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Affective disorders are described with respect to a model of positive and negative affect, which suggests that clinical depression may result both from an impairment of reward anticipation and ... More


The Good in Happiness*

Jonathan Phillips, Sven Nyholm, and Shen-yi Liao

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718765
eISBN:
9780191803123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An emerging scientific consensus holds that happiness is best understood as a certain combination of psychological states including high positive affect, low negative affect and high life ... More


Positive Affect

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines disability sport research on positive affect that ranges from momentary emotions to broader and longer-lasting affective states. The chapter is organized in three ways: a ... More


Quality of Life

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

People with disabilities report having a wide range of quality of life. Quality of life is typically determined by life satisfaction, and negative and positive affect. Although people with ... More


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