Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-10 of 10 items

  • Keywords: positional goods x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Enhancement

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the view that there is something especially bad about creating ‘enhanced’ children. First, it analyses and clarifies different accounts of enhancement. Secondly, it identifies ... More


On Principles

Lea Ypi

in Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593873
eISBN:
9780191731426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593873.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the causal link between absolute deprivation and relative deprivation and defends the role of this link in asserting an account of global egalitarianism focused on the ... More


Land: housing and urban densities

Tony Fitzpatrick

in Climate change and poverty: A new agenda for developed nations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447300878
eISBN:
9781447311744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300878.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses land, focusing upon housing markets and urban densities. It argues that housing-related poverty has risen due to a property boom, the decline in social housing and a shift in ... More


Opportunity Pluralism

Joseph Fishkin

in Bottlenecks: A New Theory of Equal Opportunity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199812141
eISBN:
9780199395576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812141.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter proposes a new way of thinking about equal opportunity: opportunity pluralism. The idea is that, instead of literally attempting to equalize opportunities, we ought to work to broaden ... More


Keeping Up with the Joneses (and the Kardashians): Positional Goods and Wars of All against All

Daniel Halliday and John Thrasher

in The Ethics of Capitalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190096205
eISBN:
9780190096243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190096205.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter identifies and examines problems posed by positional goods. These are goods that confer relative or “competitive” advantage, and whose supply is therefore limited as a matter of logic. ... More


What’s So Good About Education?

Andrew Altman

in Debating Education: Is There a Role for Markets?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199300945
eISBN:
9780190064150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199300945.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Here we consider twin concerns. First, when a good is a purely positional good, and thus of no particular social value, markets are likely to oversupply it. Second, if education is instead a public ... More


The Price of Prestige: Conspicuous Consumption in International Relations

Lilach Gilady

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226433202
eISBN:
9780226433349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226433349.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

If wars are costly and risky to both sides, why do they occur? Just as people buy expensive things precisely because they are more expensive, because they offer the possibility of improved social ... More


The Dethroned Consumer

Mike Berry

in The Affluent Society Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686506
eISBN:
9780191766374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686506.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The doctrine of consumer sovereignty held that the wants and needs of people were both insatiable in total and independently determined, analytical givens with which the economist and policy maker ... More


Justice, Pareto, and Equality

Alan Thomas

in Republic of Equals: Predistribution and Property-Owning Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190602116
eISBN:
9780190602130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190602116.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This chapter sets out the details of John Rawls’s theory of justice and explains why his view includes a concern with regulating the “top end” of any distribution. It is not simply concerned with ... More


Competition

William Ian Miller

in Outrageous Fortune: Gloomy Reflections on Luck and Life

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780197530689
eISBN:
9780197530887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197530689.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the unavoidability of competition, even among those who renounce the more common forms of competitions for honor, wealth, and so forth. It starts with a discussion of the ... More


View: