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Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Matthew Frank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book focuses on how Britain perceived the mass movement of German populations from Poland and Czechoslovakia at the end of the Second World War. Drawing on a wide range of British archival ... More


‘Useless Mouths’: Transfers from Czechoslovakia and Poland, 1946–1947

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines British involvement in the organized movement of German populations in 1946 when the British zone received upwards of 1.5 million Germans from Poland under ‘Operation Swallow’. ... More


From Prague to Potsdam: Expulsions from Czechoslovakia and Poland, May–July 1945

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines initial British responses to developments in Poland and Czechoslovakia during the transition period from war to peace, when these states began expelling German populations and ... More


Conclusion

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter underlines the centrality of the notion of ‘population transfer’ for understanding British approaches and responses to the expulsion of the Germans. The failure to reconcile a ... More


Introduction

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter provides a brief overview of the historical and historiographical controversies relating to the expulsion of the Germans, as well as an outline of the methodology, ... More


Selected Topics and Applications

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Mechanical effects of light are considered in the first section of Chapter 7, together with their application to “optical tweezers.” This leads naturally to a discussion of laser cooling by a variety ... More


Crisis! What Crisis?: Refugee Rumours and Scares, October 1945–January 1946

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter is concerned with the limits of the public rather than the official response to the refugee crisis. It picks up thematically and chronologically where Chapter 4 leaves off with the ... More


Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with three major phases of deportations of Kurds from Eastern to Western Turkey in the course of roughly two decades. It analyses how the Young Turks and Kemalists used forced ... More


‘A Clean Sweep’: The Grand Alliance and Population Transfer, 1941–5

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter explains why the decision by the wartime Grand Alliance—Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union—to authorize mass transfers of population in post-war central and eastern Europe ... More


National Minority Questions and the Cold War Human Rights Regime (1945–1989)

JENNIFER JACKSON PREECE

in National Minorities and the European Nation-States System

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294375
eISBN:
9780191685033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294375.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After 1945, national minority rights lost their hitherto independent standing in international relations and were subsumed within the newly created universal human rights regime. The failure of the ... More


Accomplished Facts: Transfer and the Aftermath of the Second World War

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter first shows how ‘accomplished facts’—the wartime consensus on population transfer as much as developments on the ground—determined the outcome of the decision taken by the ‘Big Three’ at ... More


Ethnic Cleansing, Genocide, and Gross Violations of Human Rights: The State versus Humanitarian Law

Elazar Barkan

in Law without Nations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804771696
eISBN:
9780804777223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804771696.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter begins by describing the state of expulsion, followed by a short review of the various legal instruments that reject population transfers and ethnic cleansing, and the use of these ... More


Afterlives: Population Transfer in an Era of Human Rights

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how by the 1950s the concept of population transfer had disappeared from the international policy agenda at the same time as the ‘minorities problem’ receded as an international ... More


Defenders of Minorities: Liberal Internationalists, Jews, and Planning for the Brave New World

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter looks at prevailing assumptions about the minorities problem and its solutions (frontier revision, federation, collective and individual rights, resettlement) following the outbreak of ... More


‘A New International Morality’: European Dictatorships and the Reordering of Nationalities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter looks at how the concept of population transfer was imported into central Europe by the Axis powers in the late 1930s. While the focus here is principally on negotiations between Italy ... More


‘The Crazy-Quilt of Peoples and Nationalities’: Nation States and National Minorities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how the notion of population transfer emerged at the turn of the twentieth century in response to the retreat and then collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of competing ... More


Defenders of the State: Czechs, Eastern Measures, and European Exiles

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter concentrates initially on the efforts of Czech exiles, and in particular their president, Edvard Beneš, to win over Allied opinion to the idea of a restored post-war Czechoslovakia ... More


Introduction

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This introductory chapter provides an outline of the methodology, arguments, and structure of the book. It situates the concept of ‘population transfer’ within the broader sweep of twentieth-century ... More


Conclusion

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This concluding chapter underlines how by the end of the twentieth century attitudes towards population transfer had come full circle. Advocates of population transfer were again on the fringes of ... More


Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Matthew Frank

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This book examines the various attempts made by European states over the course of the first half of the twentieth century, under the umbrella of international law and in the name of international ... More


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