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Epidemiological methods and concepts in the nineteenth century and their influences on the twentieth century

Alfredo Morabia

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on epidemiology in the 19th century. It describes the emergence of what has historically been the specific contribution of epidemiology to science; that is, the progressive ... More


Memes: Universal acid or a better mousetrap?

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that memeticists have been far too fascinated with one of Darwin's conceptual advances: the identification of natural selection as the mechanism for cumulative adaptation. It also ... More


Innovation and Population

Tim Lewens

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter illustrates that even with the theories, which are based on typology, the inclusion of population level factors is indispensable in explaining evolutionary processes. It concentrates on ... More


Introduction: What is molecular population genetics?

Asher D. Cutter

in A Primer of Molecular Population Genetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838944
eISBN:
9780191874826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838944.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 1, “Introduction: What is molecular population genetics?,” presents the motivations, applications, and historical context for molecular population genetics as a subdiscipline within biology. ... More


The Cultural Evolution of Technology and Science

Alex Mesoudi, Kevin N. Laland, Robert Boyd, Briggs Buchanan, Emma Flynn, Robert N. McCauley, Jürgen Renn, Victoria Reyes-García, Stephen Shennan, Dietrich Stout, and Claudio Tennie

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how the principles and methods of cultural evolution can inform our understanding of technology and science. Both technology and science are prime examples of cumulative ... More


Distilling the Essence

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

in Conceptualizing Capitalism: Institutions, Evolution, Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226168005
eISBN:
9780226168142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226168142.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 1 outlines the philosophical and historical considerations involved in defining capitalism. Following Aristotle, a definition must identify the essential features of the type it defines. It ... More


What is Cultural Evolutionary Theory?

Tim Lewens

in Cultural Evolution: Conceptual Challenges

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199674183
eISBN:
9780191810688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674183.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Theories of cultural evolution take many forms. All agree that, in some sense, culture evolves. But there are many ways to understand what is involved in evolution, and so there are many ways to ... More


Wary learners

Alberto Acerbi

in Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198835943
eISBN:
9780191873331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835943.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Cultural evolution is a diverse field of research, but some similarities can be found: cultural evolutionists defend a quantitative, naturalistic, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of human ... More


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