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Prometheus Unbound: releasing the constraints on natural selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The evolution of asexual organisms in laboratory microcosms is constrained by the lack of genetic exchange and by isolation from the rest of the world. When these constraints are relaxed, the rate of ... More


Phylogeography of chestnut-backed chickadees in western North America

Theresa M. Burg

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter assesses the biogeography of chestnut-backed chickadees using microsatellite analysis, providing alternative scenarios for the glacial refugia and dispersal patterns that could explain ... More


Genetics and evolution

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on Allee effects in relation to genetics and evolution. These topics intersect in four different ways. First, genetics creates its own set of Allee effect mechanisms (e.g., via ... More


Lagged Consumer-Resource Dynamics

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the influence of biological lags on consumer–resource dynamics, with particular emphasis on how consumer–resource cycles, or the lack thereof, interact with population level ... More


Inbreeding, geographic subdivision, and gene flow

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines the theory of inbreeding including a brief account on the theory of population subdivision and gene flow. This is of relevance to conservation issues because habitat loss and ... More


Models of Social Behavior

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers a simple and general model of natural selection: replicator dynamics. Many animal traits and behaviors are social, in that they affect the reproductive success not just of the ... More


Conclusion: The Changing Face of the West

Richard Alba and Nancy Foner

in Strangers No More: Immigration and the Challenges of Integration in North America and Western Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161075
eISBN:
9781400865901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161075.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This concluding chapter summarizes the lessons learned from this book's study. This book has analyzed the experiences of immigrants and their children in Europe and North America in the contemporary ... More


Nonadditive Interactions and Hamilton’s Rule

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines what happens in nonadditive interactions when such interactions take place between relatives, and how Hamilton's rule can be extended in two different ways to accommodate such ... More


Evidence, Other Approaches, and Further Topics

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book has examined the genesis, the logic, and the generality of social evolution theory. In particular, it has presented evolutionary explanations of the many social behaviors we observe in the ... More


Names and Naming Patterns in England 1538–1700

Scott Smith-Bannister

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206637
eISBN:
9780191677250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206637.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This book contains the results of the first large-scale quantitative investigation of naming practices in early modern England. It traces the history of the fundamentally ... More


Migration Muddles in Prehistory: The Distinction between Model-Bound and Model-Free Methods

Susan R. Frankenberg and Lyle W. Konigsberg

in Rethinking Anthropological Perspectives on Migration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036076
eISBN:
9780813041780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036076.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter assesses how migration patterns can be detected in bioarchaeological and paleoanthropological contexts. Using quantitative genetic models and simulation methods, it demonstrates that ... More


Inbreeding and Population Structure

Daniel L. Hartl

in A Primer of Population Genetics and Genomics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862291
eISBN:
9780191895074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862291.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Inbreeding and its consequences are the main subject of Chapter 3, beginning with the concepts of identity by descent versus identity by state, the inbreeding coefficient F, genotype frequencies with ... More


The impact of population structure on population and community dynamics

André M. de Roos

in Theoretical Ecology: concepts and applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198824282
eISBN:
9780191863271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824282.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Ecological theory about dynamics of interacting species constitutes the basis for our understanding of the functioning of ecological communities and ecosystems and their responses to changing ... More


Naming and the Family

Scott Smith-Bannister

in Names and Naming Patterns in England 1538–1700

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206637
eISBN:
9780191677250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206637.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the relationship between naming and the family in England between 1538 and 1700. It is based on family reconstitution data ... More


Projection of Educational Attainment for 2015–2040

Robert J. Barro and Jong-Wha Lee

in Education Matters: Global Schooling Gains from the 19th to the 21st Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199379231
eISBN:
9780199379262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199379231.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses projections for educational progress in the next 30 years, up to 2040. Using the estimates on school enrollment and population structure, this chapter constructs projections of ... More


Future Survival of Giant Pandas in the Qinling Mountains of China

Wenshi Pan, Yu Long, Dajun Wang, Hao Wang, Zhi Lü, and Xiaojian Zhu

in Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238671
eISBN:
9780520930162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238671.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter highlights the conservation in addressing the prospects for long-term survival of giant pandas. It is stated that if natural and social environmental conditions in the larger area of ... More


Kin Selection and Group Selection

Jonathan Birch

in The Philosophy of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198733058
eISBN:
9780191797491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733058.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In group-structured populations in which some other assumptions are satisfied, kin and group selectionist methods provide formally equivalent conditions for change. However, this only shows an ... More


Changes in allele and genotype frequency

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Evolution is the change in heritable traits of populations over successive generations. At the molecular level this translates into changes in their genetic composition. A general theoretical ... More


Migration, social structure, and population structure

John D. Altringham

in Bats: From Evolution to Conservation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199207114
eISBN:
9780191810015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199207114.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers the migration patterns of bats and its connection with social and population structure. It highlights two phyllostomids, Leptonycterisyerbabuenae and Glossophagasoricina, and ... More


Genetics and evolutionary ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in genetics and evolutionary ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical ... More


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