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Family Planning During the Economic Reform Era

Weiguo Zhang and Xingshan Cao

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter reviews the development and implementation of China's family planning policy and its impacts. It shows that China's family planning programme has gone through several stages since the ... More


Some Views

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews a widely discussed theory of population ethics, Average Utilitarianism. Its ethical foundation as a population policy seems to have fundamental problems.


Population, Human Resources, and Employment

Alejandro N. Herrin and Ernesto M. Pernia

in The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158984
eISBN:
9780199869107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158989.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Reviews critical aspects of population growth, fertility, human resource development, and employment. It identifies key issues and suggests suitable policy directions. A framework is offered for the ... More


Population Policy and the Taxation of Family Size

James A. Mirrlees

in Welfare, Incentives, and Taxation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295211
eISBN:
9780191685095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295211.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses population policy, mostly in terms of the natural policy for affecting population size: taxes and subsidies that are related to family size. The question that is addressed is: ... More


Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Leslie Tuttle

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Between 1666 and 1789, France's Old Regime government used the king's legislative authority to promote marriage and prolific reproduction. This book studies the royal pronatalist law masterminded by ... More


Replaceability, Population, and Marginal Cases

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys what Peter Singer has said about the “replaceability” of non-persons, emphasizing that there are problems with each of several different accounts he has offered and how these ... More


India’s Human Settlement and Micro Living Environment

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the population dynamics and future prospect of India’s population growth till around the middle of the present century. In this context it has analysed the regional pattern of ... More


Conclusion

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Conclusion draws together the main strands and threads of the arguments and moves towards a synthesis. It discusses the effectiveness of Young Turk population policies and draw conclusions about ... More


Interpreting Population Policy in Nigeria

Elisha P. Renne

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on population policy in Nigeria, beginning with the first Nigerian national population policy, introduced in 1988 as the “Four is Enough” campaign, and ending with the 2012 ... More


Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter gives an account of how the Turkish nation formation process developed from the nineteenth into the twentieth century. It introduces the eastern provinces and Diyarbekir province ... More


Bleeding across Time: First Principles of US Population Policy

Rickie Solinger

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Throughout US history, “reproductive politics”—the terrain of struggle regarding who has power over sex, pregnancy, and satellite issues—has been a crucial aspect of policies and laws devised to ... More


Population and Politics in India

Jay Winter and Michael Teitelbaum

in The Global Spread of Fertility Decline: Population, Fear, and Uncertainty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139068
eISBN:
9780300195323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139068.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter first offers a rough sketch of post-1980 demographic developments in India and then turns to population policies and the controversies surrounding them. The Indian story is one in which ... More


Reproducing the Family: Biopolitics in Twentieth-Century Egypt

Omnia El Shakry

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides an intellectual history of twentieth-century biopolitics in Egypt. Tracing the origins of population discourse to the late 1930s, it explores how population debates revolved ... More


Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Ramprasad Sengupta

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The book has a comprehensive coverage of issues relating to the role of ecological constraints in limiting the availability of natural resources and eco-services for economic development and ... More


Liberation without Contraception?: The Rise of the Abortion Empire and Pronatalism in Socialist and Postsocialist Russia

Mie Nakachi

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

The Soviet Union introduced some of the world’s most progressive policies to advance women’s positions in both private and public spheres. One such policy was the legalization of 1920, making ... More


Solving Low Fertility Rate with Technology?

Jung-ok Ha

in Gender, Health, and History in Modern East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888390908
eISBN:
9789888455096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390908.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

South Korea's total fertility rate (TFR) in 2005 was 1.08, the lowest in the world. The government launched the National Support Program for Infertile Couples (“the Program”) in 2006 which ... More


Exporting Volksgemeinschaft: The Deutsche Volksliste in Annexed Upper Silesia

Gerhard Wolf

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter investigates the National Socialist population policy in occupied Upper Silesia, where the Nazis used all the violence at their disposal to set about creating Volksgemeinschaft. In this ... More


Biopolitics, Demographobia, and Individual Freedom: Lessons from Germany’s Century of Extremes

Annette F. Timm

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Reproductive health in twentieth‐century Germany immediately conjures up the extremes of Nazi racial policy: forced abortion and sterilization, euthanasia, the criminalization of birth control, and ... More


Life on Earth: Ecology and the Cosmopolitics of Population

Alison Bashford

in Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147668
eISBN:
9780231519526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147668.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses the “life” and “earth” dynamic that eventually found a new name in the twentieth century—ecology, a “biological economics” that is preoccupied with studying the interactions ... More


Epilogue

Raúl Necochea Pearson

in History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781469618081
eISBN:
9781469618104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618104.003.0008
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses the Population Policy Guideline, a document which defined the standards for national policy. The Peruvian guideline set the national qualitative goals for strengthening ... More


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