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Frankfurt‐on‐Wye/Monmouth an der Oder: Population Transfer before the Second World War

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter demonstrates how British adherence to the principle of population transfer predated the Second World War. The origins of the concept as well as various proposals and attempts to put ... More


Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Rural Settlement of Refugees 1922-1930

Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278961
eISBN:
9780191706806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278961.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Following the defeat of the Greek Army in 1922 by nationalist Turkish forces, the Convention of Lausanne in 1923 specified the first compulsory exchange of populations ratified by an international ... More


Settling Accounts: Circassians, Albanians, and the Founding of the Turkish Republic

Ryan Gingeras

in Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses state policies towards Albanians and North Caucasians during the first years of the Turkish Republic. The war decimated the population of the South Marmara and dramatically ... More


Introduction

Gregor Thum

in Uprooted: How Breslau Became Wroclaw during the Century of Expulsions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140247
eISBN:
9781400839964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140247.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter discusses the consequences of forced migrations for those regions where the established inhabitants were expelled and replaced by new settlers from elsewhere. It ... More


Mythicizing History

Gregor Thum

in Uprooted: How Breslau Became Wroclaw during the Century of Expulsions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140247
eISBN:
9781400839964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140247.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the study of local history as an “act of self-reassurance” has grown in importance as societies have become mobile and people are less tied to a specific location. Historian ... More


Redrawing Ethno‐Social Boundaries: Phase II, 1944–1953

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The chapter concentrates on the second Sovietization of the borderlands, which simultaneously involved two processes: military conquest and socio‐economic reconstruction via deportation, population ... More


Takeover

Gregor Thum

in Uprooted: How Breslau Became Wroclaw during the Century of Expulsions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140247
eISBN:
9781400839964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140247.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about the impending Polish takeover of the German territories. On August 2, 1945, the Allies decided to remove from the German Reich all territories east of the Oder and Lusatian ... More


A Loss of Substance

Gregor Thum

in Uprooted: How Breslau Became Wroclaw during the Century of Expulsions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140247
eISBN:
9781400839964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140247.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter demonstrates how, after the population exchange, the most urgent task that Polish leaders in the western territories faced was the revitalization of the economy. The western territories ... More


Ottoman Sources and the Question of Their Being Purged

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses how the demise of the Ottoman state led to a succession of ethnic and religious groups playing out their struggles for independence on its shrinking stage against a backdrop of ... More


The Good Doctors: The League of Nations and the Internationalization of the Minorities Problem

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter re-examines the negotiations that led up to the signing of the Lausanne Convention between Greece and Turkey in January 1923, including the role played by the Norwegian explorer-hero and ... More


‘The Crazy-Quilt of Peoples and Nationalities’: Nation States and National Minorities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how the notion of population transfer emerged at the turn of the twentieth century in response to the retreat and then collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of competing ... More


The “Unmixing” of Peoples

Leonard V. Smith

in Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199677177
eISBN:
9780191850479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199677177.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The Paris Peace turned to population policies when and where it could not draw boundaries to suit peoples. Plebiscites, ostensibly the most democratic of population policies, took place in the ... More


Repatriation: A Historical Perspective

Katy Long

in The Point of No Return: Refugees, Rights, and Repatriation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199673315
eISBN:
9780191756139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673315.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins to trace the history of refugee repatriation as both practice and principle. It argues that while political theory may help us to establish a model of ethical repatriation, it is ... More


Nation-states and the Birth of a ‘Refugee Problem’ in Inter-war Europe

Peter Gatrell

in The Making of the Modern Refugee

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674169
eISBN:
9780191752162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674169.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Military History

After 1918 an embryonic international refugee regime took shape under the auspices of the League of Nations, focusing on Russian and Armenian refugees who lost the protection of a state and were ... More


The Transfer Solution

Laura Robson

in States of Separation: Transfer, Partition, and the Making of the Modern Middle East

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520292154
eISBN:
9780520965669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292154.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter traces how the British and French mandates and League drew on Ottoman, Greek/Turkish, and Zionist and “territorialist” models of mass ethnic resettlement to construct plans of removal ... More


‘Cattle Thieves’: Refugee Settlement, Ottoman Governmentality and Biopolitics

M. Safa Saraçoglu

in Nineteenth-Century Local Governance in Ottoman Bulgaria: Politics in Provincial Councils

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474430999
eISBN:
9781474449762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430999.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter explores the narrative function of the debates and correspondence associated with provincial governance around a particular problem: refugees. During the second half of the 19th century, ... More


After Lemberg: The End of the End of Lwów and the Making of Lviv

Tarik Cyril Amar

in The Paradox of Ukrainian Lviv: A Borderland City between Stalinists, Nazis, and Nationalists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453915
eISBN:
9781501700842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453915.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the population exchange between Poland and Soviet Ukraine which happene from 1944 to around 1946/1947, during which Lviv became the central site of the expulsion of the Polish ... More


Crimes against Humanity and Crimes of Denationalization: The Victory of Political Expediency Over Justice

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Jurists at the Paris Peace Conference discussed crimes committed by a government against its own population, and crimes committed by a military to destroy the national culture of an occupied ... More


Sovereignty and the League of Nations, 1920–23

Leonard V. Smith

in Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199677177
eISBN:
9780191850479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199677177.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Sovereignty according to the radicalized liberalism of Wilsonianism would exist in the international system after the Great War, or it would not. If it would not, the League was never going to become ... More


From Empire to Nation-State: Resettlement in Modern Turkey

Cengiz Sisman

in The Burden of Silence: Sabbatai Sevi and the Evolution of the Ottoman-Turkish Donmes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190244057
eISBN:
9780190244071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190244057.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Judaism

The chapter eighth brings the book to a close by placing crypto-religious communities such as the Dönme at the heart of the birth of nation-states in the modern world after the WWI, which finds them ... More


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