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Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Population Ethics

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the implications of prioritarianism for population ethics are considered. The claim, defended in Chapter 5, that it can benefit (or harm) an individual to come into existence may ... More


Classical Utilitarianism in a Limited World

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses normative considerations on population and savings. It has five sections. The first discusses parental concerns on the well‐being of their children in relation ... More


Some Views

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews a widely discussed theory of population ethics, Average Utilitarianism. Its ethical foundation as a population policy seems to have fundamental problems.


Classical Utilitarianism and the Genesis Problem

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Reviews a widely discussed theory of population ethics, Classical Utilitarianism. It is less vulnerable to scrutiny than Average Utilitarianism, though it may recommend population levels that may ... More


Egalitarianism and Population Change

Gustaf Arrhenius

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

What is the role of equality in the evaluation of populations of different sizes in respect to their goodness? The field of population ethics has been riddled with paradoxes which purport to show ... More


Population Ethics *

Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert, and David Donaldson

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the welfarist approach to population ethics. This chapter provides an overview of the critical‐level utilitarian population principles and their generalized counterparts, examine ... More


Population and Savings: Normative Considerations

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses normative considerations on population and savings. It has five sections. The first discusses parental concerns on the well‐being of their children in relation ... More


Weighing Lives

John Broome

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

People are often faced with decisions that involve weighing the lives of some people against the lives of others, or weighing lives against other goods. This book aims to develop a moral theory that ... More


Actual Versus Potential Lives

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Offers an outline of a theory of population ethics, based on an especially strong conception of personhood that performs well when put to work in a world facing environmental constraints. The subject ... More


Overpopulation or Underpopulation?

Toby Ord

in Is the Planet Full?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199677771
eISBN:
9780191757235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677771.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that often population ethics focuses on the costs of population growth while ignoring the instrumental and intrinsic benefits of having more people on Earth. It suggests that ... More


Introduction: Perspectives on Evaluating Deaths and Their Relevance to Health Policy

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There have been debates in both philosophy and the field of population health on the issue of how mortality can and should be measured. In population health, the intention has been to produce ... More


Practical Ethics Given Moral Uncertainty

William MacAskill, Krister Bykvist, and Toby Ord

in Moral Uncertainty

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198722274
eISBN:
9780191789106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198722274.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some philosophers have argued that moral uncertainty has striking implications for issues in practical ethics such as abortion and vegetarianism. In this chapter, we show that the prima facie ... More


The Affirmative Answer to the Existential Question and the Person Affecting Restriction

Gustaf Arrhenius

in Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199684908
eISBN:
9780191765223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684908.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The person affecting restriction states that one outcome can only be better than another if it is better for someone. The existential question concerns whether existence can be better or worse for a ... More


Multidimensional Consequentialism and Population Ethics

Martin Peterson

in Consequentialism: New Directions, New Problems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190270117
eISBN:
9780190270131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190270117.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The main claim of this chapter is that multidimensional consequentialists have reason to reject some of the key premises of Parfit’s Mere Addition Paradox as well as Arrhenius’s sixth impossibility ... More


On the Social and Personal Value of Existence

Marc Fleurbaey and Alex Voorhoeve

in Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199684908
eISBN:
9780191765223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684908.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If a potential person would have a good life, if he were to come into existence, can we coherently regard his coming into existence as better for him than his never coming into existence? And can we ... More


Early Death and Later Suffering

Jeff McMahan

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I sketch an account of the misfortune of death for which I have previously argued (the Time-Relative Interest Account) and defend it against objections advanced by John Broome in his ... More


Population Ethics

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946883
eISBN:
9780190946913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946883.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The three most promising theories of distributive justice are discussed in the context of population ethics. They all allow for what has been called the repugnant conclusion (i.e. the conclusion that ... More


A Brief Argument for the Overwhelming Importance of Shaping the Far Future

Nick Beckstead

in Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841364
eISBN:
9780191881428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841364.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, Nick Beckstead argues that the best available interventions gain most of their expected value via the effects that they have on the long-run future, rather than via their more ... More


Research Frontiers

Matthew D. Adler

in Measuring Social Welfare: An Introduction

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190643027
eISBN:
9780190643065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190643027.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses how the SWF framework can be generalized to accommodate variable-population cases and differentiated individual responsibility. The framework, as presented in earlier chapters, ... More


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