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Population Dynamics and Stability

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the implications of climate change for population dynamics and stability. Population dynamics, or the variation in abundance of a population through time, can be decomposed into ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because systemic endophytes predominantly inhabit caespitose perennial grasses and seedling recruitment may be relatively scarce, understanding how infection alters the population dynamics and ... More


Excitable and Nonexcitable Population Dynamics

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the dynamics of basic population models, with a particular focus on the general biological conditions under which population dynamics are stabilized, or destabilized, by ... More


Cannibalism in Size-Structured Systems

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The previous two chapters discussed how the size scaling of foraging and metabolic rates affected the dynamics of consumer-resource systems. Using different modeling approaches, it was shown that ... More


Population Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses how virus–host interactions affect population dynamics. Models of virus–host interactions suggest that long-term persistence between a single virus population and a single host ... More


Modelling forest dynamics

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes techniques for modeling forest dynamics. Topics covered include the equation of population flux, life tables, transition matrix models, population viability analysis, growth ... More


Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Herman A. Verhoef and Peter J. Morin (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Community ecology is the study of the interactions between populations of coexisting species. This book provides a state of the art in theory, models and applications of community ecology, with ... More


Summary: A Bird’s-Eye View of Community and Population Effects of Ontogenetic Development

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a summary of the topics covered by the present volume. The summary serves the purpose of clearly showing how different chapters fit together in a general framework with respect ... More


Introduction

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter sets out the scope of the book: small-scale exploitation of wild species rather than large scale commercial operations such as fishing fleets, forestry or farming; a ... More


Modelling the dynamics of complex food webs

Ulrich Brose and Jennifer A. Dunne

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces various approaches to dynamic network analyses and illustrates some of the key findings. First, classic results from dynamic analyses of simple interaction modules of few ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book focuses on the influence of climate variability on the marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The ecological impact of climate variability on population dynamics is addressed at the full ... More


Brief Remarks on Some Especially Important Considerations

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This concluding chapter argues that Earth's climate is warming at a pace that may very well be unprecedented, and it is doing so from a higher baseline average temperature than that which was the ... More


Extinction dynamics

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with a discussion of paleo-extinctions. It then discusses modern anthropogenic extinctions, diffusion approximation of stochastic dynamics, extinction trajectories in small ... More


Age structure

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The total density dependence in a life history is defined as the negative elasticity of population growth rate per generation with respect to population density. This chapter analyzes a ... More


Food Webs (MPB-50)

Kevin S. McCann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Human impacts are dramatically altering our natural ecosystems but the exact repercussions on ecological sustainability and function remain unclear. As a result, food web theory has experienced a ... More


Spatial structure

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews models of spatially subdivided populations with explicit stochastic dynamics of local populations. It considers metapopulation models for territorial and nonterritorial species. ... More


More Modules

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers four-species modules and the role of generalism (effectively a three-species module with a consumer feeding on two resources). It first examines how generalists affect the ... More


Virus Dynamics and Arms Races

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The life histories of viruses cannot be understood outside the context of their host partners. Because they cannot exist without the environment defined by their target organisms, understanding the ... More


Emerging frontiers of community ecology

Peter J. Morin

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Community ecology is progressing in a number of important new directions. Among many possible future directions, I focus first on the important topic of biotic invasions, since they alter the world's ... More


Population Dynamics

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter evaluates various methods for inferring how phenotypes/genotypes influence population dynamics, including extensions of the year-by-year tracking approach used in analyzing the ... More


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