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THE MATERNAL EFFECT HYPOTHESIS

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes an effect which produces population cycles and may be thought of as the mechanism for inertia in population growth. This effect, the maternal effect, is the passing of quality ... More


PREDATOR—PREY INTERACTIONS AND THE PERIOD OF CYCLING

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In order to appreciate fully the advantages of the inertial view of population growth, it is necessary to discuss some of the details of and debates about the predator-prey account of population ... More


The Impact of Predation by Weasels on Populations of Natural Prey

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses some of the ongoing theoretical debates on the role weasels play in community dynamics. There is a conspicuous difference between the far north, where weasels alone can ... More


Amphibian Population Cycles and Long-Term Data Sets

Howard H Whiteman and Scott A Wissinger

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Although most researchers agree that many amphibian populations are declining, there is debate about how to distinguish human-induced declines from natural population fluctuations. As with many ... More


Individual or population priorities for population health: involving the public

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the differences between individual and population health priorities. It describes the Population Health Evidence Cycle (Ask the question, Collect the evidence, and Understand ... More


Age-structured models with density-dependent recruitment

Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings

in Population Dynamics for Conservation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198758365
eISBN:
9780191818301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter examines age-structured models with density-dependent recruitment. In particular, it focuses on populations with over-compensatory density dependence, such as may occur due to ... More


Models for Fluctuating Rodent Populations

Charles J. Krebs

in Population Fluctuations in Rodents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226010359
eISBN:
9780226010496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010496.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the mathematical models of rodent population cycles or fluctuations. It first provides a brief historical background of mathematical models that have been put forward to ... More


The population dynamics of bite-sized predators: prey dependence, territoriality, and mobility

Xavier Lambin

in Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198759805
eISBN:
9780191820519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The dependency of mustelid demographic rates on prey abundance has the potential to cause a strong coupling between predator-prey populations. Data on mustelid dynamics show that such strong ... More


The impact of population structure on population and community dynamics

André M. de Roos

in Theoretical Ecology: concepts and applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198824282
eISBN:
9780191863271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824282.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Ecological theory about dynamics of interacting species constitutes the basis for our understanding of the functioning of ecological communities and ecosystems and their responses to changing ... More


Maternal Effects on Evolutionary Dynamics in Wild Small Mammals

Andrew G. Mcadam

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the influence of maternal effects on the evolutionary dynamics of wild small mammals. It analyzes work on a natural population of North American red squirrels and discusses some ... More


Population Ecology and Population Heritability

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of the ecological and the genetic causes of variation in population growth rate in the flour beetle, Tribolium, especially as they are affected by variation in ... More


The Mammals of Wytham Woods

C.D. Buesching, J.R. Clarke, S.A. Ellwood, C. King, C. Newman, and D.W. Macdonald

in Wytham Woods: Oxford's Ecological Laboratory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199605187
eISBN:
9780191810039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199605187.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the different field biology studies of mammals living at Wytham Woods. It focuses first on research done on small mammals such as wood mice and voles, and examines their ecology ... More


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