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Wonder-working Sufis

Nathan Hofer

in The Popularisation of Sufism in Ayyubid and Mamluk Egypt, 1173-1325

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780748694211
eISBN:
9781474416115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694211.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

One of the more puzzling historical questions of this study is why no organised order linked to an Upper-Egyptian tarīqa developed during this period. Given the facts– that Sufism was well ... More


Psychology and Education

Mathew Thomson

in Psychological Subjects: Identity, Culture, and Health in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287802
eISBN:
9780191713378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287802.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter argues that education was a key arena for spreading the influence of psychology. This is not a novel view, but it is argued that too much emphasis has been placed on the role of ... More


Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Gowan Dawson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the nineteenth century paleontologists claimed that, from just a single bone, they could identify and sometimes even reconstruct previously unknown prehistoric creatures. Such extraordinary ... More


History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Marianne Sommer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The book deals with human histories that have been reconstructed on the basis of bones, organisms, and molecules in the twentieth century. It focuses on the work of Henry Fairfield Osborn, Julian ... More


New Awareness Of A Scientist’s Responsibility

KLAUS HENTSCHEL

in The Mental Aftermath: The Mentality of German Physicists 1945-1949

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205660
eISBN:
9780191709388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205660.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The political encouragements in the Physikalische Blätter reflected the budding awareness among German scientists of their social responsibility. This awareness is specifically articulated in the ... More


Nineteenth-Century French Afterlives

Terence Cave

in Mignon's Afterlives: Crossing Cultures from Goethe to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604807
eISBN:
9780191731624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604807.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter opens with novels by Mme de Staël and George Sand featuring women singers, together with a thematic opposition between north and south. Xavier Marmier’s description of Mignon as a ... More


Popularization of Culture and the Bourgeois Trend

Amina Elbendary

in Crowds and Sultans: Urban Protest in Late Medieval Egypt and Syria

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774167171
eISBN:
9781617976773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167171.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on the popularization of literature and historiography and the development of the bourgeois trend during the Mamluk period. It first considers the factors behind the ... More


The Idealist Ethic of Social Self-Realization

W. J. Mander

in British Idealism: A History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199559299
eISBN:
9780191725531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559299.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In addition to and connected with its fresh metaphysics and philosophy of religion, the British Idealist school put forward a radically new kind of moral theory; one which might be called the ... More


Science in the news: a diachronic perspective

Alan Partington

in Corpora: Corpus-based Language Learning, Language Processing and Linguistics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640607
eISBN:
9780748671502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640607.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter contains an analysis of the changing rhetorical role of science in UK broadsheet newspapers from 1993 and 2005, and conclude that there have been noteworthy changes. First, science, and ... More


Introduction

Susanne Schmidt

in Midlife Crisis: The Feminist Origins of a Chauvinist Cliché

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226686851
eISBN:
9780226686998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226686998.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A favorite gendered cliché, the midlife crisis conjures up images of male indulgence and irresponsibility—but it was first successfully presented as a concept about women’s rights. This chapter ... More


Psychology and the Crisis of Masculinity

Susanne Schmidt

in Midlife Crisis: The Feminist Origins of a Chauvinist Cliché

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226686851
eISBN:
9780226686998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226686998.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For all the success, Passages was not to everybody’s liking—and if Sheehy’s feminist framework and engagement with social science made her concept of midlife crisis popular, they also constituted a ... More


The Culture of Proof and the Crisis of Faith

Courtenay Raia

in The New Prometheans: Faith, Science, and the Supernatural Mind in the Victorian Fin de Siécle

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226635217
eISBN:
9780226635491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226635491.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nineteenth century saw the scientific revolution come sweeping through the common culture, not just as technology or worldview, but more intimately, as a personal standard of truth. The Victorian ... More


William Crookes in Wonderland: Scientific Spiritualism and the Physics of the Impossible

Courtenay Raia

in The New Prometheans: Faith, Science, and the Supernatural Mind in the Victorian Fin de Siècle

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226635217
eISBN:
9780226635491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226635491.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

More than any other scientist of his day, Sir William Crookes's career traversed the spectrum of science’s many cultural localities. He was at once a poster boy of vocational science, a ringmaster of ... More


The Birth of Insight

Erik Braun

in The Birth of Insight: Meditation, Modern Buddhism, and the Burmese Monk Ledi Sayadaw

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226000800
eISBN:
9780226000947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226000947.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines works on meditation by Ledi Sayadaw to show his vision of meditative practice, grounded in features described in earlier chapters. Ledi popularizes practice for all people, ... More


Race Concepts beyond the Classroom

Ann Morning

in The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Schools are not the only places where scientists' knowledge of race makes its way to a lay audience. Formal education is just one of many institutions that reflect and convey scientific notions of ... More


The Popularization of Gilgamesh (1959–1978)

Theodore Ziolkowski

in Gilgamesh among Us: Modern Encounters with the Ancient Epic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450358
eISBN:
9780801463419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450358.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines the popularization of the Gilgamesh epic and the broadening of its thematic use from 1959 to 1978. It discusses the many novels, stories, plays, poems, operas, drawings, ... More


Tales of Futures Past: Anticipation and the Ends of Literature in Contemporary China

Paola Iovene

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804789370
eISBN:
9780804791601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789370.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Twentieth-century Chinese literature has been characterized by an obsession with the future, an obsession that is often commented on but rarely scrutinized. Most studies of Chinese literature ... More


Science on American Television: A History

Marcel Chotkowski LaFollette

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226921990
eISBN:
9780226922010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922010.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As television emerged as a major cultural and economic force, many imagined that the medium would enhance civic education for topics such as science. And, indeed, television soon offered a ... More


A Biography of the Ney

Banu Şenay

in Musical Ethics and Islam: The Art of Playing the Ney

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780252043024
eISBN:
9780252051883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043024.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter traces the key shifts in the ney’s modern history, from its de-legitimization in the early Republican period, its survival in the transitional years of its learning through the ... More


The Birth of Living Radium

Luis A. Campos

in Radium and the Secret of Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how the powerful association between radium and life first “came to life”: in the earliest biological metaphors and metaphysics of early radioactivity research; in pre-existing ... More


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