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The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Douglas A. Chalmers, Carlos M. Vilas, Katherine Hite, Scott B. Martin, Kerianne Piester, and Monique Segarra (eds)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Almost all agree that political systems in Latin America underwent a transformation in the 1980s. The usual quick description of this change was ‘democratization’. But whether one takes an optimistic ... More


From Reform to Transformation

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Following the adoption of a programme for political transformation at the XIX Conference, Gorbachev and those around him set about trying to translate it into practice. But the effect of this ... More


Disorder and Repression: Dilemmas of the patriotes, 1789–1790

W. D. Edmonds

in Jacobinism and the Revolt of Lyon 1789–1793

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227496
eISBN:
9780191678714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227496.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

There is enough evidence to establish that Lyon's response to the crisis was deeply ambivalent. On the one hand, important sectors of opinion endorsed the revolutionary stance of the National ... More


The Arc of Formality in Twentieth-Century Rio de Janeiro

Bryan Mccann

in New World Cities: Challenges of Urbanization and Globalization in the Americas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648750
eISBN:
9781469648774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648750.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Rio de Janeiro began the twentieth century as capital of a nation that had ended slavery and monarchical rule only in 1888-89. In the new republic, coffee exports and early industrialization ... More


Egypt's Civic Revolution Turns ‘Democracy Promotion’ on Its Head

Sheila Carapico

in Arab Spring in Egypt: Revolution and Beyond (A Tahrir Studies Edition)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789774165368
eISBN:
9781617971365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165368.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explicitly challenges rumors that international democracy brokers fomented Egypt's mass uprising with their civil society promotion projects. It does so by telling two different stories. ... More


The Americas in the Twentieth-Century World: Challenges of Urbanization and Globalization

John Tutino

in New World Cities: Challenges of Urbanization and Globalization in the Americas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648750
eISBN:
9781469648774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648750.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Sets six new world cities—Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Montreal, Los Angeles, and Houston—in the context of their nations and a changing global economy. Details how distinct cities ... More


Iraq, 2003–2018: Sectarian Identity and the Contestation of the State

Fanar Haddad

in Understanding 'Sectarianism': Sunni-Shi'a Relations in the Modern Arab World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197510629
eISBN:
9780197536155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510629.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter takes Iraq as a case study with which to demonstrate many of the themes of the book and the layered and contextual nature of sectarian dynamics. The multidimensional model introduced in ... More


Diffusion-Proofing: Russian and Chinese Responses to Waves of Popular Mobilization Against Authoritarian Rulers

Karrie J. Koesel and Valerie J. Bunce

in Citizens and the State in Authoritarian Regimes: Comparing China and Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190093488
eISBN:
9780190093525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190093488.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Do authoritarian leaders take preemptive actions to deter their citizens from joining cross-national waves of popular mobilizations against authoritarian rulers? Are they more likely to engage in ... More


Soekarno and the Promise of Nasakom: From Rust en Orde through the Pacific War, 1926–1945

John T. Sidel

in Republicanism, Communism, Islam: Cosmopolitan Origins of Revolution in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501755613
eISBN:
9781501755637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501755613.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter begins by introducing an article titled “Nationalism, Religion, and Marxism” by the twenty-five-year-old, Dutch-educated ingenieur named Soekarno. It discusses the conflicts, tensions, ... More


The Crystallization and Erosion of Transnational Solidarity: Chavismo and the Nuestramerican Rhetoric and Practice

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Perspectives on Latin America: The Entwined Histories of a Multi-State Region

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197605318
eISBN:
9780197605349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197605318.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides an interpretation of the regional “appeal” of the Pink Tide in Latin America and its more recent deceleration. It details the legitimation strategies of Hugo Chávez and ... More


The Fateful Embrace of Communism and Its Consequence

John W. Garver

in China's Quest: The History of the Foreign Relations of the People's Republic of China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190261054
eISBN:
9780190261085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190261054.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

China’s embrace of and subsequent disillusion with the Bolshevik model is part of a key historical process of the twentieth century. Formation of a Soviet-style state in China in the early 1950s had ... More


Conclusion

Tarangini Sriraman

in In Pursuit of Proof: A History of Identification Documents in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780199463510
eISBN:
9780199094097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199463510.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The conclusion of the book argues that state conventions of issuing identification documents and administering poor subjects by absorbing popular knowledge practices did not manifest themselves ... More


Wartime Identification: The Early Ration Card

Tarangini Sriraman

in In Pursuit of Proof: A History of Identification Documents in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780199463510
eISBN:
9780199094097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199463510.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This preliminary chapter presents a picture of the various wartime initiatives to identify, enumerate, and classify subjects in what constituted a historic and unprecedented moment of colonial ... More


Politics in the Files

Ana Antić

in Therapeutic Fascism: Experiencing the Violence of the Nazi New Order

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198784586
eISBN:
9780191827044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784586.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on wartime patient case histories and explores how the fierce political and ideological battles of the 1940s shaped, and were reflected in, the personal narratives of those ... More


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