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From Yankee Doodle to “Devil Anse”: Literary, Graphic, and Ideological Progenitors, 1700–1899

Anthony Harkins

in Hillbilly: A Cultural History of an American Icon

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189506
eISBN:
9780199788835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189506.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter traces the literary antecedents of the hillbilly representation in America that grew out of the separate but overlapping “image streams” of the New England rustic yokel “Brother ... More


The Origins and Emergence of the ‘Domiciled Community’

Satoshi Mizutani

in The Meaning of White: Race, Class, and the 'Domiciled Community' in British India 1858-1930

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697700
eISBN:
9780191732102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697700.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

The first half of this chapter analyses the British attitude towards those Europeans who became labelled as ‘poor whites’. Its second half shows how a number of ‘poor whites’, despite vigilance on ... More


The Visual Culture of White Poverty as the History of South Africa and the United States: Repetition, Rediscovery, Playing with Whiteness

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

in Waste of a White Skin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

“The Visual Culture of White Poverty as the History of South Africa and the United States: Repetition, Rediscovery, Playing with Whiteness,” examines the depictions of poor whites to demonstrate how ... More


Forgeries of History: The Poor White Study

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

in Waste of a White Skin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

“Forgeries of History: The Poor White Study” dispenses with the key frames put forward within the Poor White Study in order to situate the failure of domestic policy in South Africa to shore up white ... More


“The weakness of some …”: Afrikaner civil religion and racial paternalism

Ivan Evans

in Cultures of Violence: Lynching and Racial Killing in South Africa and the American South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079047
eISBN:
9781781702208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079047.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows that Afrikaners developed a theology that fused a virulent racism to a ‘strong state’ which they successfully manipulated to address the ‘poor white problem’. Afrikaners, in other ... More


“Work in the Factory Itself ”: Fordism, South Africanism, and Poor White Reform

Elizabeth D. Esch

in Color Line and the Assembly Line: Managing Race in the Ford Empire

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285378
eISBN:
9780520960886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285378.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the Poor White Investigation of the Carnegie Corporation provided a social-scientific rationale for the racial segregation of industrial work with which Ford, who would ... More


Origin Stories about Segregationist Philanthropy

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

in Waste of a White Skin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

“Origin Stories about Segregationist Philanthropy” examines how the race for eugenics has been conflated with national scientific achievement in the study of South Africa as a modern nation. Thereby ... More


The Battle for Whiteness: Making Whites in a White Man's Country, 1916–1924

David A. Chang

in The Color of the Land: Race, Nation, and the Politics of Landownership in Oklahoma, 1832-1929

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833650
eISBN:
9781469604398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895764_chang.10
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter traces the ways that poor whites challenged the emerging economic order that denied them the place in society to which they felt entitled by dint of their race. It argues that the white ... More


Class and Conflict: White and Black

William L. Andrews

in Slavery and Class in the American South: A Generation of Slave Narrative Testimony, 1840-1865

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190908386
eISBN:
9780190935849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908386.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Cultural History

Chapter 3 begins by reviewing the depictions of class differences among slaveholding and nonslaveholding whites in the South, centering on the contempt the narrators expressed toward “lazy” and ... More


Waste of a White Skin

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This is an intellectual, political, and institutional history of scientific racist thought focused on the Carnegie Corporation’s antipoverty philanthropy with “poor whites” in South Africa ... More


‘No ordinary chaps’: class, gender and the licensing of transgression

Will Jackson

in Madness and marginality: The lives of Kenya's White insane

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719088896
eISBN:
9781781705827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088896.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter traces the social history of deviance amongst Europeans in colonial Kenya. In order to contain deviance within manageable bounds, it argues, a practical project of social control was ... More


Introduction

John E. Murray

in The Charleston Orphan House: Children's Lives in the First Public Orphanage in America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226924090
eISBN:
9780226924106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924106.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Situated in the city of Charleston, South Carolina, the Charleston Orphan House is the first public orphanage in the United States. It offered protection to Charleston's white poor population by ... More


From “The Rise of Southern Redneck and White Trash Writers”1

Erik Bledsoe

in Rough South, Rural South: Region and Class in Recent Southern Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496802330
eISBN:
9781496804990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802330.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses the emergence of a new generation of southern writers who are giving voice to a different group of southerners, forcing their readers to reexamine long-held stereotypes and ... More


Dorothy Allison: Revising the “White Trash” Narrative

Emily Langhorne

in Rough South, Rural South: Region and Class in Recent Southern Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496802330
eISBN:
9781496804990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802330.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses the life and work of Dorothy Allison, who knows about growing up “white trash.” Born on April 11, 1949, in Greenville, South Carolina, Allison was “the bastard daughter of a ... More


Uneasy Rest the Masters: Strains from Below in the 1850s

William L. Barney

in Rebels in the Making: The Secession Crisis and the Birth of the Confederacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190076085
eISBN:
9780190076115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076085.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

The maturation of the slave economy by the 1850s restricted opportunities for whites and provoked populist stirrings of discontent challenging planter rule. The cotton prosperity of the decade ... More


“A Strange Nigger”: Faulkner and the Minstrel Performance of Whiteness

John N. Duvall

in Faulkner and Whiteness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617030208
eISBN:
9781621033202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617030208.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

In contrast to the assertions of many racist characters in Yoknapatawpha County, William Faulkner’s fiction repeatedly shows that race is always mediated by performance rather than a simple matter of ... More


Elevated above the Real: The Poor White Southerner in Cormac McCarthy’s Early Novels

Marcus Hamilton

in Rough South, Rural South: Region and Class in Recent Southern Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496802330
eISBN:
9781496804990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802330.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses the work of Cormac McCarthy, whose early novels depicted the poor white southerner. In The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, Robert Benson praises McCarthy for his ... More


The Rough South of Ron Rash

Thomas Ærvold Bjerre

in Rough South, Rural South: Region and Class in Recent Southern Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496802330
eISBN:
9781496804990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802330.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses the fiction of Ron Rash, who sets almost all of his work—poems, short stories, and novels—in the Carolinas and focuses on the people who live or have lived there. Rash was born ... More


The Charleston Orphan House: Children's Lives in the First Public Orphanage in America

John E. Murray

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226924090
eISBN:
9780226924106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924106.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The first public orphanage in America, the Charleston Orphan House saw to the welfare and education of thousands of children from poor white families in the urban South. From wealthy benefactors to ... More


Dismissal and Damnation: A Historical Perspective on the Purported Causes of Pica

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter deals with how, for centuries, pica has been considered to be a behavior that is at best useless, and at worst injurious. It presents six groups of people who have historically been ... More


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