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United States: Social Inequality and the Burden of Poor Health

LAURA D. KUBZANSKY, NANCY KRIEGER, ICHIRO KAWACHI, BEVERLY ROCKHILL, GILLIAN K. STEEL, and LISA F. BERKMAN

in Challenging Inequities in Health: From Ethics to Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137408
eISBN:
9780199863983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The United States has the dubious distinction of ranking first among industrialized nations in inequalities in both income and wealth. It also manifests poorer health than many other developed ... More


The life course, inequalities and mental health in later life

Alisoun Milne

in Mental Health in Later Life: Taking a Life Course Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447305729
eISBN:
9781447311904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305729.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Chapter 3 explores the contribution of the lifecourse approach and social gerontology to understanding mental health outcomes in later life. It also explores the role played by health and social ... More


Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Social indicators are an important tool for evaluating a country's level of social development and for assessing the impact of policy. Such indicators are already in use in investigating poverty and ... More


Cora: A Portrait of Dependency

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195113754
eISBN:
9780199893546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113754.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter tells the story of Cora, who has been on AFDC all her adult life. She began using AFDC twenty-four years ago and has continued, without a break, ever since. In so many respects, her life ... More


Socio-economic differences in health: Are control beliefs fundamental mediators?

Hans Bosma

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the role of control beliefs in socio-economic differences in health and provides support for the assumption that low control beliefs might be fundamental mediators in the ... More


Roma Health: Problems and Perception

Judith Healy and Martin McKee

in Accessing Healthcare: Responding to diversity

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198516187
eISBN:
9780191723681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516187.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The health of Roma people is significantly worse compared to the majority European population. Lower use of health services may involve choice on the part of the Roma or unresponsiveness or ... More


Socio-economic position and health: The role of coping

Margareta Kristenson

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

People with low socio-economic status (SES) have poorer health prospects compared to people with high socio-economic status. This chapter explores the hypothesis that personal psychosocial resources ... More


Patterns of and explanations for ethnic inequalities in health

James Y. Nazroo

in Explaining ethnic differences: Changing patterns of disadvantage in Britain

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344670
eISBN:
9781447302261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344670.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the patterning of ethnic inequalities in health in Great Britain. It discusses some of the assumptions that have underpinned much of the research and policy debate in relation ... More


The Nexus of Social Security Benefits, Health, and Wealth at Death

James M. Poterba, Steven F. Venti, and David A. Wise

in Discoveries in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226146096
eISBN:
9780226146126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226146126.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Social Security (SS) benefits are the most important component of the income of a large fraction of older Americans. A significant fraction approach later life relying heavily on SS benefits. Persons ... More


Introduction: Key sociopolitical changes affecting the health and wellbeing of people

Adrian Bonner

in Local Authorities and the Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447356233
eISBN:
9781447356271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447356233.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the relationship between health and housing, regional disparities and responses across England, Wales, and Scotland in the provision of health and ... More


Palliative care in the acute hospital

Sara Booth, Polly Edmonds, and Margaret Kendall

in Palliative care in the acute hospital setting: A practical guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238927
eISBN:
9780191730092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238927.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter focuses on palliative care in acute hospitals in Great Britain. Hospitals are not really set up to deal with long-lasting poor health and chronic disease and most of the staff working in ... More


The Story We Are Not Talking about Enough

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter highlights the importance of talking about the declining life expectancy and poor health in the United States. In 2018, the National Center for Health Statistics reported that, between ... More


Health status and lifestyle of the Oraon tea garden labourers of Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal

Subrata K. Roy and Tanaya Kundu Chowdhury

in Work and Health in India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447327363
eISBN:
9781447327370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327363.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter looks at the health and lifestyle factors among tea garden labourers in West Bengal. Tea garden labourers enjoy access to some free facilities like education for children, medical ... More


Mental health, risk and antisocial behaviour in young offenders: challenges and opportunities

Sue Bailey, Robert Vermeiren, and Paul Mitchell

in Young people and 'risk'

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines the significant overlap between the risk factors for offending, poor mental health and substance use, and assessed risk factors. Research on the prevalence of mental disorders ... More


Addiction, inequality and recovery

Jenny Svanberg

in Social Determinantsof Health: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Social Inequality and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447336846
eISBN:
9781447336891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336846.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the impact of health inequalities on addiction and how the recommendations of the Marmot Review could influence recovery from addiction. The Marmot Review was tasked with ... More


Grandpa and the Snapper: The Well-Being of the Elderly Who Live with Children

Angus Deaton and Arthur A. Stone

in Discoveries in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226146096
eISBN:
9780226146126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226146126.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Elderly Americans who live with people under age 18 have lower life evaluations than those who do not. They also experience worse emotional outcomes, including less happiness and enjoyment, and more ... More


Emotional and Mental Wellbeing

Elaine Chase and Jennifer Allsopp

in Youth Migration and the Politics of Wellbeing: Stories of Life in Transition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781529209020
eISBN:
9781529209044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529209020.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter assesses the central importance of health, and in particular mental health, to a sense of wellbeing. It considers the factors that negatively impact mental wellbeing of migrant young ... More


Immigration and the Health of the Public

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter highlights the importance of the health of immigrants. The health of immigrants in their adopted home is strongly shaped by social, economic, and political conditions in that country. ... More


Spending Too Much on the Wrong Things

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses overspending in health care. Americans spend half as many days in hospital as persons living in other high-income countries. They take fewer pills per person, and they have ... More


Violence Is a Public Health Issue

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0037
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at how violence is a public health issue. Even as rates of violence from several causes have declined, the persistent prevalence of violence in people’s daily lives, both ... More


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