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Contract as Metaphor

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0018
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

The political problem of backlash is analogous to the economic problem of producing from a common pool. When a society has an asset that it uses in common, overusing it can destroy its value, and ... More


Probability forecasting: Concepts and analysis

Anthony Garratt, Kevin Lee, M. Hashem Pesaran, and Yongcheol Shin

in Global and National Macroeconometric Modelling: A Long-Run Structural Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199296859
eISBN:
9780191603853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199296855.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides an introduction to the interpretation and estimation of probability forecasts, which is considered to be a particularly useful method for presenting forecasts and ... More


Parliamentary Institutions in International Polities: What are the Conditions?

Berthold Rittberger

in Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273423
eISBN:
9780191602764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273421.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Develops a three-staged theory to explain why national governments have created and successively empowered the European Parliament. In a first step, it is argued that attempts by national governments ... More


Talking politics: perils and promise

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In its recent ‘deliberative’ turn, democratic theory has forgotten a conventional wisdom, once widely appreciated, that there is much in politics that is better not discussed. This chapter catalogues ... More


How talk informs

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Insofar as the reason ‘why’ we want deliberative democracy is just to pool information, what justifies so much emphasis among deliberative democrats on talking face-to-face to the exclusion of other ... More


Rights as Political

Attracta Ingram

in A Political Theory of Rights

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279631
eISBN:
9780191599545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279639.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the connection between liberal democratic thought and a political understanding of rights, and their impact on belief in universal rights, human rights, rights-scepticism and ... More


Social Risks and Welfare States

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter and the previous one revisit the political economy within which post‐war welfare regimes emerged, matured, and, now appear crisis‐ridden. Here, an analysis is made of social risks and ... More


Freshwater wetlands and water bodies

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the management of open bodies of water and wetlands on seasonally or permanently waterlogged soil. It concentrates on freshwater habitats, but briefly discusses management of ... More


Introduction

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider’s View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753505
eISBN:
9780199918805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753505.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to describe the specific events that by design or good fortune have produced the long history of success of the mutual fund ... More


Is One Career More Democratic Than Another?

Roderic Ai Camp

in The Metamorphosis of Leadership in a Democratic Mexico

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199742851
eISBN:
9780199866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742851.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The democratic era unleashed changes in leadership composition which led to leading Mexican politicians being less representative of the general population than at any time during the ... More


Models for Far-Apart Values

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Summation experiments using patterns that are far apart along any dimension (e.g., two lines of very different orientations) can answer the question of whether there are multiple analyzers along that ... More


Extrinsic Uncertainty and Summation Revisited

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers the uncertainty arising from sources extrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observer's ignorance on any given trial as to which of several alternative stimuli will ... More


Governing Common Resources: Environmental Markets and Property in Water

Lee Godden

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Environmental markets, in concert with the rise of property-based instruments to regulate natural resources, have gained ascendancy in many areas once the preserve of more traditional forms of legal ... More


Location Decisions of Firms and Social Interactions

Yannis M. Ioannides

in From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of social interactions on firms' location decisions, focusing on the effects of proximity to other firms, the size of the total urban economy, the availability of a ... More


Cooperation and Organizations

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the role that institutions and organizations play in making cooperation possible as we go about our everyday lives. Successful organizations are often the ones that build on the ... More


The Genetics of Exotic Bird Introductions

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the long-term outcomes of exotic bird establishment in terms of the propensity for evolution in exotic bird populations. It shows that exotic birds have occasionally lost ... More


Screening

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Considers the traditional screening model and covers the basic features of screening models, including pooling and separating equilibria.


Laying the Theoretical Foundations for the Study of Development Aid

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the problem of collective action as it relates to development at the operational level. It first explores how individuals’ motivation may hamper their incentive to work ... More


Motoneurones: morphology, cytology, and topographical organization

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the morphology of individual gamma and (mainly) alpha motoneurones as well as the composition and localization of motoneuronal populations (pools) innervating different muscles ... More


Polycentric Systems: Multilevel Governance Involving a Diversity of Organizations

Elinor Ostrom

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Collective-action problems vary in scale from very small problems involving only a few individuals, such as a farmer-managed irrigation system, to extremely large problems involving global resources, ... More


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