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 When a Funeral Isn't Just a Funeral: The Layered Meaning of Everyday Action

Ziad Munson

in Everyday Religion: Observing Modern Religious Lives

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195305418
eISBN:
9780199785094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305418.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that the common social science focus on identifying a singular authentic meaning of social phenomena leads us to misunderstand the role of religion in contemporary life. Using ... More


Vagaries of lexical meaning

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter concentrates on the problems posed by lexical meanings for any formal theory. Among the topics discussed are the noncompositionality of compound meanings, vagueness phenomena, the ... More


The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

John R. Taylor

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book argues that knowledge of a language can be thought of as a mental corpus, that is, as a repository of memories of previous linguistic encounters with the language. Features of incoming ... More


The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Nikolas Gisborne

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Perception verbs – such as look, see, taste, hear, feel, sound, listen, and observe – present unresolved problems for linguistic theories. This book examines the predictability of relations between ... More


Introduction

Nikolas Gisborne

in The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces the book as a whole. It presents the data set, and explores some of the issues that need to be addressed in a study of these verbs as well as indicating some general concerns ... More


Network Structure and the Polysemy of see

Nikolas Gisborne

in The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is a discussion of the polysemy of see, which is concerned with two main questions: how to model polysemy in a default inheritance based theory; and how fine‐grained an analysis of ... More


On the meaning of prepositions

Pietro Bortone

in Greek Prepositions: From Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199556854
eISBN:
9780191721571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556854.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 2 looks at the meanings of prepositions, their polysemy, the possible relationships between various meanings, and at the “localistic hypothesis” that spatial meanings might be in some sense ... More


Lexical Semantics

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses a potpourri of issues concerning the concepts associated with words. It addresses the issue of lexical decomposition, showing that although traditional decomposition into ... More


Syntactic Categories and Semantic Relativity

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Radical Construction Grammar, like other construction grammars, treats constructions as pairings of form and meaning, and like typology, uses meaning as the basis for crosslinguistic comparison. ... More


Why Events?

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume 2: The Normal Course of Events

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263929
eISBN:
9780191718168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263929.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Argument structure is licensed by functional syntactic structure, and specifically, functional structure that is interpreted as event structure. This syntactic structure, in turn, affects aspects of ... More


From Comitative to Instrumental Forms

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

A functional pattern found in all western and central European languages concerns case polysemy or case syncretism between a comitative (‘together with’) and an instrumental (‘by means of’) meaning. ... More


Polysemy

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter addresses the phenomenon of polysemy in the light of LCCM Theory. In LCCM Theory, polysemy relates not to the variation evident in the situated semantic contribution of a word. Rather, ... More


Cognitive Semantics

Dirk Geeraerts

in Theories of Lexical Semantics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198700302
eISBN:
9780191706288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700302.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The fifth chapter describes cognitive semantics. Cognitive semantics is the psychologically and cognitively oriented approach to semantics that developed from 1980 onwards. Innovations brought to the ... More


Nation and supernation: A tale of three Europes

Geoffrey Williams and Roberta Piazza

in European Identity: What the Media Say

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199602308
eISBN:
9780191739156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602308.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 is concerned with the word Europe and its representations in the French, Italian, and British press, and starts from a lexicographical perspective. The key question is to know what the word ... More


How to Make Cognitive Illusions Disappear

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Cognitive illusions have been linked to perceptual illusions, suggesting that they are “inevitable illusions”. This chapter criticizes the narrow norms that make humans look irrational and shows how ... More


The Fountains of Venus and Adonis: Revelation and Reflection

Hester Lees-Jeffries

in England's Helicon: Fountains in Early Modern Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199230785
eISBN:
9780191696473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230785.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The first book of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, and indeed the romance as a whole, reaches its climax at the Fountain of Venus. The Fountain of Venus epitomizes the symbolic polysemy of the ... More


Words, words, words

Werner Hüllen

in A History of Roget's Thesaurus: Origins, Development, and Design

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254729
eISBN:
9780191719868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254729.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter examines terms such as synonymy, homonymy, and polysemy as denoting ordinary linguistic experience, and semantic fields, semantic features, and semantic models (for example, prototypes) ... More


Polysemy

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Critically examines the standard definition of polysemy as the association of two or more related meanings with a single linguistic form. Each of the terms of definition turns out to be problematic. ... More


The mental corpus

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The chapter summarizes the main findings, concerning speakers’ precise knowledge of a myriad of particular facts, their knowledge of frequencies, their sensitivity to contextual and incidental ... More


Music and Metaphor

Stephen Davies

in Musical Understandings and Other Essays on the Philosophy of Music

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608775
eISBN:
9780191729669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608775.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

A simple argument suggests that attributions of expressiveness to purely instrumental music are metaphoric. Only sentient creatures can have or experience emotions such as sadness; music is ... More


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