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Life as a Machine

John Parrington

in Redesigning Life: How genome editing will transform the world

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198766834
eISBN:
9780191918957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766834.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Bacteria are a source of many of the tools used in biotechnology. A technique called the polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, made it possible for the first time to amplify tiny starting amounts of DNA ... More


Molecular Diagnostics

Duncan Clark and Mark Wilks

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Molecular diagnostics in infection generally relate to the detection and/ or characterization of nucleic acid sequences of infectious agents in clinical samples which are used to provide: ● A ... More


A Thought Experiment: Rapid-Test Screening For Infectious Disease In Airports And Places Of Public Contact

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores a thought-experiment imagining universal surveillance for all known communicable infectious disease, using rapid tests involving polymerase chain reactions and other methods ... More


The Preparation of Materials

David Segal

in Materials for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198804079
eISBN:
9780191842320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804079.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Chapter 8 covers aspects of materials preparation. It stresses that the availability of high-purity silicon was essential for the semiconductor industry as were high-purity thin films. Availability ... More


Three Revolutions in Tree Building

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines three revolutionary developments in the way trees were constructed and visualized during the twentieth century: the emergence in the 1960s of two new, quite different schools of ... More


DNA Profiling Techniques

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses issues related to DNA profiling techniques. It explains that DNA analysis is widely regarded as the “ultimate method of biological individualization” and explains the key ... More


Bacteriology Diagnostic Methods

Heather Dolphin and Fatima Ahmad

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

This is summarized in Table 8.1. a) Microscopy— A cell count is performed on sterile fluids and CSF samples using the Neubauer chamber or a similar device. The number of white blood cells (WBC) and ... More


Developments in DNA Profiling Techniques and Technologies

Cheryl Allsop

in Cold Case Reviews: DNA, Detective Work and Unsolved Major Crimes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198747451
eISBN:
9780191810459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747451.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides a brief history of developments in genetic profiling, noting the advances in profiling techniques from the initial discovery by Sir Alec Jeffreys of what was then termed DNA ... More


Life Cycles

Jan A. Pechenik

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

I have a Hardin cartoon on my office door. It shows a series of animals thinking about the meaning of life. In sequence, we see a lobe-finned fish, a salamander, a lizard, and a monkey, all ... More


Natural Capital—Taken for Granted but Not Counted

Geoffrey Heal

in Endangered Economies: How the Neglect of Nature Threatens Our Prosperity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231180849
eISBN:
9780231543286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180849.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Natural capital – the complex of objects and systems that constitutes the natural environment or the biosphere - plays a fundamental and irreplaceable role in human life, as stories as diverse as the ... More


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