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 Tradable Permits in Principle and Practice

Tom Tietenberg

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay reviews data on tradable permit systems in various contexts, including air pollution regulation, water supply, fisheries management, grazing rights allocation, water quality, and wetlands ... More


Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Jody Freeman and Charles D. Kolstad

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over the last decade, market-based incentives have become the regulatory tool of choice when trying to solve difficult environmental problems. Evidence of their dominance can be seen in recent ... More


Air Pollution Control and Multi-Level Governance

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

in Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

Control of air pollution has been a long-standing objective of governments. Traditional air pollution, in the form of smoke and particulates, is highly visible, typically local, and usually severely ... More


Creating Cases

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter considers the ways in which dirty water comes to be noticed and defined as pollution, thereby creating a case about which an enforcement agent has to take some action. Of crucial ... More


Regulatory inaction? Regulation without enforcement

Steve Tombs

in Social Protection After the Crisis: Regulation without enforcement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447313755
eISBN:
9781447313786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447313755.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The focus of this chapter is on the trajectories of state enforcement of regulatory law in the context of three areas of social protection, spanning national and local regulatory bodies in the UK: ... More


The Basel Convention Regime and Sectoral Pollution Control Treaties

Katharina Kummer

in International Management of Hazardous Wastes: The Basel Convention and Related Legal Rules

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259947
eISBN:
9780191682032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259947.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines the relationship between the Basel Convention regime and the sectoral pollution control treaties. Means to harmonize the relevant treaties with the Basel Convention regime are ... More


Field Staff

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter describes the staff, nature of the job, and the skills and knowledge required by pollution control work. It also discusses the formal organization of pollution control. Pollution control ... More


Water and Sanitation

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on water and sanitation. Topics discussed include the importance of water quality; water quality, sanitation, and health; adequacy of freshwater supply to meet the world's needs, ... More


. Negotiating Tactics

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the wide array of tactical options and enforcement moves employed in a compliance strategy. Enforcement activity in pollution control is centred upon the handling of individual ... More


Compliance Strategy

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses what field officers understand in practice by ‘compliance’. It suggests how enforcement strategy is linked with conceptions of deviant and deviance. Bargaining is identified as ... More


Implementing International Environmental Agreements in Russia

Geir Honneland and Anne-Kristin Jorgensen

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719063862
eISBN:
9781781700181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719063862.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This book is a systematic study that considers how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia, using three case studies on the implementation process in ... More


Setting Standards

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The regulatory agencies in pollution control map out the boundaries and contours of the deviance they police by setting standards that define what is regarded as ‘pollution’. This chapter explores ... More


Practical Criminal Law

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the pervasiveness of moral judgement in the enforcement of law. It argues that moral evaluations are tied to the exercise of choice. They are made about the activity ... More


From Permission to Prohibition: The 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea and Protection of the Marine Environment

Catherine Redgwell

in The Law of the Sea: Progress and Prospects

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199299614
eISBN:
9780191714887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299614.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter traces the evolution of marine environmental protection, with particular reference to the regulation of dumping activities. It poses the fundamental question: in the light of significant ... More


Law as Last Resort

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter puts forward a different view about the strategies employed in enforcing regulation, emphasizing the role of formal legal processes. In essence, the argument is that regulatory ... More


Environmental Policy: A Leader State under Pressure?

Rüdiger K. W. Wurzel

in Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262955
eISBN:
9780191734465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262955.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the impact of European integration on German environmental policy. For much of the 1980s, Germany acted as an ‘environmental leader’ state, successfully exporting to the EU ... More


Introduction

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

in Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

In the years since 1972, the European Union (EU) has created a system of environmental governance. With a wide range of legislative measures, extending from pollution control in water and air through ... More


The Job

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter analyzes the strains that arise when bureaucratic strategies of control are imposed on a job which demands a high degree of personal discretion at the field level. Legal organizations, ... More


Japanese Environmental Policy: Lessons from Experience and Remaining Problems

Ken’ichi Miyamoto

in Japan at Nature's Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836924
eISBN:
9780824871109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836924.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the historical lessons that can be drawn from Japan's environmental policy making to date as well as the key environmental policy challenges that confront Japan today. It begins ... More


Conclusions

Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

in Implementing International Environmental Agreements in Russia

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719063862
eISBN:
9781781700181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719063862.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter sums up the major findings of the case studies in fisheries management, nuclear safety, and air pollution control. The primary focus is on the ‘implementation activities’ carried out in ... More


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