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If Invasive Species are “Pollutants”, Should Polluters Pay?

R. David Simpson

in Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores the issue of whether policies toward invasive species should look like those adopted in response to other forms of ‘pollution’. It argues that this will depend on whether ... More


Promoting Justice: Environmental Justice, Toxic Tours, and GreenFaith

Mallory McDuff

in Natural Saints: How People of Faith are Working to Save God's Earth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195379570
eISBN:
9780199869084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379570.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows how people of faith are reclaiming a ministry of justice with a focus on the environment. Faith communities helped to define environmental justice as a national movement in the ... More


Air Pollution

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter compares regulations that address the risks of air pollution—one of the most critical dimensions of environmental regulation. It specifically examines the policies in the United States ... More


Impact of Lifestyle on Metal Exposure, Homeostasis, and Associated Diseases

George V. Dedoussis

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Unhealthy lifestyle factors (e.g., cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, long working hours, reduced sleep, physical inactivity, obesogenic diets) and psychological stress contribute to ... More


New Technologies Using Trace Metals of Concern

Jozef M. Pacyna, Kyrre Sundseth, and Elisabeth G. Pacyna

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the occurrence, material flows, technical applications of and pollution by platinum, palladium), thallium, rare earth elements, gold, silver, and antimony, all of which are ... More


Introduction

in Environmental Pollution Studies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239239
eISBN:
9781846313035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

For many years, there has been a growing concern over the impact of environmental pollution. With the emergence of heavy industries, factories and power stations, air, land and water became polluted. ... More


Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Paul Elliott, Jon Wakefield, Nicola Best, and David Briggs (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book explores the field of geographical variations in disease. Especially with respect to variations in environmental exposures at the small-area scale, the book gives an account of current ... More


Air

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on air quality. Topics discussed include an overview of air pollution, common health effects of ambient air pollution, health effects of specific air pollutants, industrial air ... More


Exposure assessment

D. J. Briggs

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews different exposure assessment methods. It argues that there is no single or optimal method for defining and assessing exposures. Much depends on the scientific circumstances of ... More


Indoor Air Quality

Robert Axelrad

in Safe and Healthy School Environments

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179477
eISBN:
9780199864638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses indoor air quality (IAQ) in schools. IAQ in schools can have an important impact on health. Four factors determine IAQ in schools: sources of indoor air pollution; heating, ... More


Outdoor Air Pollution

Andrea Hricko

in Safe and Healthy School Environments

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179477
eISBN:
9780199864638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses outdoor air pollution in school environments. Outdoor (ambient) air pollution presents a number of issues in the school environment, including exposure of children to diesel ... More


Environmental Health

Colin D. Butler and Anthony J. McMichael

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes social injustice in relation to environmental health. It covers the scale and distribution of environmental health hazards, the relationship between social injustice and ... More


Silent Scourge: Children, Pollution, and Why Scientists Disagree

Colleen F. Moore

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195153910
eISBN:
9780199846986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

How does pollution impact our daily quality of life? What are the effects of pollution on children's development? Why do industry and environmental experts disagree about what levels of pollutants ... More


Air Quality Standards Have Room to Improve

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0056
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the improvement of air quality in the United States. Laws such as the Clean Air Act (CAA), signed in 1970, resulted in a drastic reduction in air pollution. Since then, ... More


Nature and Sources of Pollutants

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter outlines the nature and characteristics of pollutants contributing to transboundary air pollution. It sets out the factual background against which the legal rules operate, as well as ... More


Introduction to marine pollution

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

in Marine Pollution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198726289
eISBN:
9780191843815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726289.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

It is universally agreed that pollution is a bad thing but quite what is meant by this is not clear. This chapter considers the formal definition of the word and distinguishes pollution, which has an ... More


Xenobiotics

Christine M. Bridges and Raymond D. Semlitsch

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

While a number of compounds have been reported as toxic to amphibians, until recently, there have been conspicuously few ecotoxicological studies concerning amphibians. Studies are now focusing on ... More


Rachel Carson’s: Silent Spring

Marla Cone

in Second Read: Writers Look Back at Classic Works of Reportage

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159319
eISBN:
9780231500586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159319.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This essay reviews the book Silent Spring (1962), by Rachel Carson. Silent Spring alerted readers to the environmental and human dangers of indiscriminate use of pesticides and other toxic ... More


Primary Air Pollutants and CO2 Emissions from Cement Production in China

Yu Lei, Qiang Zhang, Chris P. Nielsen, and Kebin He

in Clearer Skies Over China: Reconciling Air Quality, Climate, and Economic Goals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019880
eISBN:
9780262315418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019880.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

China is the largest cement-producing and cement-consuming country in the world today. The cement industry plays an important role in emissions of many air pollutants in China. This study estimates ... More


Atmospheric Modeling of Pollutant Concentrations

Yuxuan Wang

in Clearer Skies Over China: Reconciling Air Quality, Climate, and Economic Goals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019880
eISBN:
9780262315418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019880.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Pollutant concentrations near the surface of the earth are of central concern in protecting public health, agricultural productivity, and ecosystems. This chapter discusses the results of a ... More


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