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Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines abiotic pollination via wind or water. It begins with a discussion of wind pollination or anemophily, which is a common occurrence in modern plants, especially in most ... More


Syndromes and Webs: Specialists and Generalists

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the core issues raised by critiques of pollination syndromes and alternative approaches to characterizing pollination in communities, in the context of floral and pollinator ... More


Pollination Using Florivores: From Brood Site Mutualism to Active Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines brood site mutualisms, where the pollinators are florivores. In brood site mutualisms, the pollinators are sometimes referred to as nursery pollinators. Here pollination success ... More


Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically Modified Crops

James E. Cresswell

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter considers methods for quantifying the importance of bees in pollinating a crop and in producing field-to-field cross-pollination and gene flow. Simple theoretical models are presented ... More


Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book is a comprehensive reference to all aspects of pollination biology—and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. The beautifully illustrated book describes how ... More


Rewards and Costs: The Environmental Economics of Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the environmental economics of pollination, with particular emphasis on the costs that may be incurred and that have to be offset against the rewards gathered. Pollination is ... More


Living with Other Flowers: Competition and Pollination Ecology

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines competition in the context of pollination ecology. Competition is typically treated from the perspective of the plants, but it is also likely to occur among and between the ... More


The Pollination of Crops

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the pollination of crops. Animal pollination is important to the large majority of important crops, including those directly eaten by humans. However, there are differing ... More


Why Pollination Is Interesting

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces some of the book’s central themes on animal pollination, beginning with a discussion of animals that visit flowers. At least 130,000 species of animals, and probably up to ... More


Floral Design and Function

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines flower design features related to sexual function in pollination. Flowers show remarkable variations in shape, size, and appearance, and are known for their tendency to mass ... More


Understanding the role of species richness for crop pollination services

Alexandra-Maria Klein, Christine Müller, Patrick Hoehn, and Claire Kremen

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the role of flower-visiting species richness for crop pollination services. General arguments why flower-visitor species richness can be important for the mutualistic plant ... More


Preventing Self-fertilization

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Perfect (hermaphrodite) flowers can, assuming no other constraints, self-pollinate, and fertilize their own ovules. This guaranteed sexual reproduction gives self-pollinating plants the ability to ... More


Are Flowers under Selective Pressure to Increase Pollinator Attention?

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The underlying assumption of much of the work on flower development and morphology is that these features serve to increase the attractiveness of the flower to pollinating animals, thus maximizing ... More


Pollination Syndromes—The Evidence

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The concept of the pollination syndrome has underlain much of floral biology for many years. This chapter assesses the usefulness of the concept in understanding flowers and flowering. It begins by ... More


Bees in Nature and on the Farm

Theresa L. Pitts-Singer and Rosalind R. James

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter introduces the natural history and evolution of bees, why bees are important for pollination, and why plants are important to bees. It presents the intent of the book and a summary of ... More


Crop Pollination Services From Wild Bees

Claire Kremen

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Historically, farmers obtained pollination services from wild, unmanaged bees or made habitat modifications to attract them. Today, agriculture demands the use of managed bees, usually honey bees, ... More


Pollinating Bees Crucial to Farming Wildflower Seed for U.S. Habitat Restoration

James H. Cane

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Federal land managers desire seed of Great Basin perennial wildflowers, mixed with grass and shrub seed, for restoration of millions of acres of sagebrush communities degraded by altered wildfire ... More


Life Cycle Ecophysiology of Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators

Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra, and William P. Kemp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Several solitary bee species in the genus Osmia have been studied as potential pollinators of fruit trees and other early-blooming crops. Methods to manage large populations in agro-ecosystems have ... More


Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination

Lora A. Morandin

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Genetic modification (GM) of crops has been accompanied by concerns of environmental impact, including effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. Currently, most commercial GM crops are modified ... More


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