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The Membership Problem

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Does membership in a political society obligate one to support the political institutions of that society? Dubbed the membership problem, its terms are given some initial clarification. Among other ... More


In Pursuit of a Theory of Political Obligation

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that a fully satisfactory theory of political obligation will pass certain tests. It will offer an affirmative answer to the membership problem and, among other things, it will ... More


Actual Contract Theory: Attractions

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The best-known theory of political obligation is actual contract theory: a political society is founded on an agreement, and the parties to the agreement — now the members of the society — are ... More


Political Societies

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

A political society was defined in Chapter 1 as a society with institutions of governance. These institutions are its institutions. Three kinds of institution of governance are discussed, all ... More


Summary and Prospect

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The book’s argument is summarized and its conclusions are brought to hear on two classic situations of crisis: Socrates awaiting the death penalty in prison, and Antigone in her conflict with the ... More


Social Groups: Starting Small

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In pursuit of a satisfactory theory of political obligation, a start is made towards the articulation of a particular conception of a political society, with a focus on social groups. These range ... More


The Decline of Party?

Gordon Smith

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The question of party political decline is approached by examining four aspects that have featured prominently in debate: parties as representative agencies; party organization; parties in relation ... More


Political Society as a Voluntary Association

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Offers a reconstruction of John Locke's voluntaristic theory of legitimate political authority with the aim of overcoming the following two problems with tacit consent via residence: that it fails to ... More


Democracy and Capitalism in India: Pursuing Two Tocquevillean Themes

Partha Chatterjee

in Anxieties of Democracy: Tocquevillean Reflections on India and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077473
eISBN:
9780199081745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077473.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

During the 1950s, India’s agrarian economy was marked by class divisions that were comparable to those of feudal societies. The new Indian republic had two democratic aspirations: to abolish, or at ... More


English Exceptionalism?: The Peculiarities of the English Parliament. Conclusion

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter considers the extent to which the English parliament both resembled and, more particularly, differed from the assemblies of continental Europe, notably those of France. It uses ... More


The Legislature

Ma Nagok

in Political Development in Hong Kong: State, Political Society, and Civil Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098107
eISBN:
9789882207271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098107.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

In terms of cleavage formation, policy influence, public opinion changeling, interest representation, and control and oversight, the functions of Hong Kong's legislature underwent significant ... More


The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

However much people want esteem, it is an untradeable commodity: there is no way that I can buy the good opinion of another or sell to others my good opinion of them. But though it is a non-tradable ... More


St. Thomas, John Finnis, and the Political Good

Lawrence Dewan

in Wisdom, Law, and Virtue: Essays in Thomistic Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227969
eISBN:
9780823237210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227969.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter questions John Finnis's interpretation of Thomas Aquinas, concerning the specifically political common good. It is evident that Thomas limits the zone of human ... More


Spaces of exclusion and intrusion in the 1790s

Katrina Navickas

in Protest and the Politics of Space and Place, 1789-1848

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097058
eISBN:
9781526104144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097058.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The French Revolution polarised popular politics in England. This chapter examines the rise of working-class radical societies and the response by loyalist elites in the 1790s. It argues that ... More


Defending the liberty to meet, 1795–1819

Katrina Navickas

in Protest and the Politics of Space and Place, 1789-1848

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097058
eISBN:
9781526104144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097058.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

From 1795 radicals and trades unions held mass meetings in politically resonant sites. This chapter examines their defence of the liberty to meet during and after the French and Napoleonic wars. It ... More


Conclusion: The Personal is the Theoretical

Christopher C Robinson

in Wittgenstein and Political Theory: The View from Somewhere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639144
eISBN:
9780748652839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639144.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at the author's personal reflections on Wittgenstein's work. In Wittgenstein, he finds a de-divinized description of theorizing that befits the challenges of living and seeing in ... More


An Ingenious Emblem

Michael Sonenscher

in Sans-Culottes: An Eighteenth-Century Emblem in the French Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691180809
eISBN:
9781400829026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180809.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter delves deeper into the history of the phrase, sans culottes. It shows that the point of the joke about breeches was that someone without culottes had the wrong kind of status, emotion, ... More


The Virtues of Economy: Governance, Power, and Piety in Late Medieval Rome

James A. Palmer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501742378
eISBN:
9781501742385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501742378.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

The humanist perception of fourteenth-century Rome as a slumbering ruin awaiting the Renaissance and the return of papal power has cast a long shadow on the historiography of the city. Challenging ... More


Civil/political society, protest and fasting: the case of Anna Hazare and the 2011 anti-corruption campaign in India

Andrew Davies

in Protest Camps in International context: Spaces, Infrastructures and Media of Resistance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447329411
eISBN:
9781447329473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329411.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the August 2011 New Delhi fast against corruption conducted by Anna Hazare. The fast was the largest political mobilisation in India for many years, and attracted widespread ... More


Preliminary: The Archeology of Society

Jean-François Kervégan

in The Actual and the Rational: Hegel and Objective Spirit

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226023809
eISBN:
9780226023946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226023946.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

By reconstructing a short history of the concept of "civil society", this "Preliminary" section of the second part of the book illuminations the conditions which made possible the innovative Hegelian ... More


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