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Direct Elections or Political Opportunities? Explaining Presidential Activism

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 2 addresses the most critical issue related to selecting heads of state: the extent to which direct elections enhance presidential powers and political involvement. First, it outlines the ... More


Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Christopher Rootes (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is frequently claimed that, as a result of the institutionalization of environmentalism in the years following its rapid rise in the 1970s and 1980s, the environmental movement has been ... More


Spain

Manuel Jiménez

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The recent evolution of environmental protest in Spain is considered against the background of the consolidation of the environmental movement and the institutionalization of an environmental policy ... More


The Transformation of Environmental Activism: An Introductio n

Christopher Rootes

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

By 1990, environmentalism had been institutionalized almost everywhere in western Europe, environmental movement organizations had become substantial and well‐connected operations, and it was widely ... More


Conclusion: Environmental Protest Transformed?

Christopher Rootes

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Despite the institutionalization of environmentalism, it appears that there was no universal or monotonic decline of environmental protests during the decade 1988–97. Patterns of the incidence of ... More


Movement in Context: Thick Networks and Japanese Environmental Protest

Jeffrey Broadbent

in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents a case for a network version of the concept of political opportunity structure, focusing on environmental movement activity in eight communities in Japan. Embeddedness in specific networks ... More


Conclusions

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The conclusion gives an overview of how the changes in citizenship, participation and policymaking that have been part of transitions to democracy are gendered and lays out the circumstances under ... More


To Elect or to Select?

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter applies alternative research methods to test the effect of direct elections on presidential activism. First, the Slovakian case offers a setting of a natural experiment because it ... More


Franc e

Olivier Fillieule

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The incidence of environmental protest in France is examined by means of an analysis of all the environmental protest events reported in Le Monde during the years 1988–97. The relatively low level of ... More


Britai n

Christopher Rootes

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The evolution of environmental protest in Britain is considered against the background of the development of the environmental movement and the emergence of the environment as a political issue. 1323 ... More


Social Movement Challenges to Structural Archetypes: Abortion Rights, AIDS, and Long-Term Care

Martin Kitchener

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter extends institutional theory to analyze processes by which resource‐poor actors initiate new structures within fields of healthcare organizations. Using insights from studies of ... More


Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Dorothy McBride Stetson (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This work presents the results of a comprehensive and integrated research project in comparative abortion policy and politics in post‐industrial democracies. It focuses on the questions of state ... More


Italy

Mario Diani and Francesca Forno

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses the evolution of Italian environmentalism in the decade following the successful anti‐nuclear referendum of 1987. Although the number of national protests contracted over the ... More


The Big Picture: The Environmental Movement's Impact on the Global Development of the Wind Energy Industry

Ion Bogdan Vasi

in Winds of Change: The Environmental Movement and the Global Development of the Wind Energy Industry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199746927
eISBN:
9780199827169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746927.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter combines insight from the literature on industry creation and social movement outcomes to identify the main factors that shape the global development of the wind power industry. It ... More


Germany

Dieter Rucht and Jochen Roose

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The incidence of environmental protest in Germany and Berlin is examined by means of an analysis of all the environmental protest events reported in die Tageszeitung during the years 1988–97. ... More


The Context of the Extreme Right

della Porta and Caiani Wagemann

in Mobilizing on the Extreme Right: Germany, Italy, and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641260
eISBN:
9780191738654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641260.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 introduces to the political, social and cultural opportunities for the extreme right in Germany, Italy and the United States, pointing at the mix of similarities and differences between the ... More


Anti-state political opportunities

Dana M. Williams

in Black Flags and Social Movements: A Sociological Analysis of Movement Anarchism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526105547
eISBN:
9781526132215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105547.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The anarchist movement utilizes non-statist and anti-statist strategies for radical social transformation, thus indicating the limits of political opportunity theory and its emphasis upon the state. ... More


The Extreme Right and Social Movement Studies: An Introduction

della Porta and Caiani Wagemann

in Mobilizing on the Extreme Right: Germany, Italy, and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641260
eISBN:
9780191738654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641260.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Notwithstanding its limited capacity in terms of members and mobilization, the extreme right is perceived as an increasing challenge even in established democracies. On delicate issues such as ... More


Northern Ireland: Europeanisation breakthrough

Boyka Stefanova

in The Europeanisation of Conflict Resolutions: Regional Integration and Conflicts from the 1950s to the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083396
eISBN:
9781781703175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083396.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a case study on the role of the European Union (EU) in the conflict resolution of Northern Ireland. It describes the incremental nature of establishing a role for European ... More


The Epistemic Dimension of the Political Opportunity Structure

David J. Hess

in Undone Science: Social Movements, Mobilized Publics, and Industrial Transitions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035132
eISBN:
9780262336444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035132.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The concept of the political opportunity structure from social movement studies has undergone various expansions, including the development of a theory of the industry opportunity structure in social ... More


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