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THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


Private Consciences and Public Reasons

Kent Greenawalt

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195094190
eISBN:
9780199853021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195094190.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Within democratic societies, a deep division exists over the nature of community and the grounds for political life. Should the political order be neutral between competing conceptions of the good ... More


The Twilight of Constitutionalism?

Petra Dobner and Martin Loughlin (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585007
eISBN:
9780191723469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585007.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The concepts and values that underpin traditional constitutionalism are increasingly being challenged by political realities that place substantial power beyond the state. Among the few certainties ... More


Liberal Democracy

Richard S. Katz

in Democracy and Elections

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195044294
eISBN:
9780199854752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195044294.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the liberal democratic view of democracy. Under this view, democracy is considered a political method or a certain type of institutional arrangement for arriving at political, ... More


Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Jamie Terence Kelly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The past thirty years have seen a surge of empirical research into political decision making and the influence of framing effects—the phenomenon that occurs when different but equivalent ... More


Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

John O. McGinnis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Successful democracies throughout history have used the technology of their time to gather information for better governance. Our challenge is no different today, but it is more urgent because the ... More


Consolidation: Parliament and Baronial Reform, 1258–1272

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter assesses the impact of the baronial reform movement of 1258–65 on the development of parliament. It argues that the reforming barons saw parliament as a public forum and the appropriate ... More


Participationist Democracy

Richard S. Katz

in Democracy and Elections

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195044294
eISBN:
9780199854752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195044294.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the participationist view of democracy. It explains that unlike popular sovereignty and liberal theorists, participationist theorists focus on the consequences of the process by ... More


Dispersed Democratic Leadership

John Kane, Haig Patapan, and Paulʼt Hart

in Dispersed Democratic Leadership: Origins, Dynamics, and Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199562992
eISBN:
9780191701856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562992.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political decision-making is not only the sole responsibility of constituted government but it is the concern of various individuals and organizations involved in its interests and influence. This ... More


HIA at the local level in Sweden

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses health impact assessment (HIA) in Sweden. In Sweden, county councils/regions are responsible for health care and public health, some public transport, and regional development. ... More


Introduction

Colin Copus

in Leading the Localities: Executive Mayors in English Local Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719071867
eISBN:
9781781701379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719071867.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter places Tony Blair government's modernisation agenda within the context of arguments about the configuration of local political decision-making. It addresses a number of vital questions ... More


Some other interpretations

Susan Strange

in Casino Capitalism: with an introduction by Matthew Watson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992651
eISBN:
9781526104168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992651.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If we look beyond the literature that deals specifically with money and finance, we find a much wider range of interpretations of the causes of our present troubles. To underline the point that ... More


Labour and International Finance, 1964–1967

Rob Stones

in Policy Networks in British Government

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter deals with the non-devaluation policy of pound sterling by the Labour Government which ruled between 1964 and 1967. The non-devaluation of the pound is typically presented as a key to ... More


The Health-Reform Cycle

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an introduction to the policy cycle for health-sector reform. It discusses the six stages of the process: problem definition, diagnosis, policy development, political decision, ... More


Can Congress Do Policy Analysis?: The Politics of Problem Solving on Capitol Hill

Eric M. Patashnik and Justin Peck

in Does Policy Analysis Matter?: Exploring Its Effectiveness in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520287396
eISBN:
9780520962538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520287396.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter addresses the issues of using nonpartisan policy analysis within the current US legislative setting. It criticizes some of the earlier studies that assess congressional use of policy ... More


The ambiguity of democracy

Katherine Fierlbeck

in Globalizing Democracy: Power, Legitimacy and the Interpretation of Democratic Ideas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719049958
eISBN:
9781781701416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719049958.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores some of the philosophical debates underlying democracy. It also describes the current controversies within the field of democratic theory. Accountability is an integral aspect ... More


Law and Disagreement

Jeremy Waldron

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262138
eISBN:
9780191682308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262138.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

When people disagree about justice and about individual rights, how should political decisions be made among them? How should they decide about issues like tax policy, welfare provision, criminal ... More


Framing political campaigns

Marina Dekavalla

in Framing referendum campaigns in the news

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781526119896
eISBN:
9781526136145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526119896.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores framing as a broader theory of understanding media content and political communication in general. It reviews key themes in frame analysis and discusses previous work on the ... More


Introduction

Ben Jackson

in Equality and the British Left: A Study in Progressive Political Thought, 1900-64

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073069
eISBN:
9781781701454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073069.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This book examines the ways in which the Left in Britain appropriated and developed the nascent economic egalitarianism of the late nineteenth century, including a few episodes in which these ... More


Political Psychology of the Death Terror

Abdolhossein Abdollahi

in The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199925926
eISBN:
9780199380664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925926.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter draws on terror management theory (TMT) to argue that our political thinking and behavior are influenced by an unconscious motive or emotion, termed here as the “death terror.” According ... More


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