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Are Politicians Vote‐Maximizers?

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

According to the assumption of the public‐choice theory, politicians are guided by their self‐interest and vote maximization. By analysing studies based on theories of the political business cycle, ... More


Political Budget Cycles

Javier Santiso

in Banking on Democracy: Financial Markets and Elections in Emerging Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019002
eISBN:
9780262313704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019002.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter considers whether there is a political budget cycle, in terms of an election year expansion in government spending in emerging market economies which may artificially enhance the ... More


The Historical Spiral

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Discusses how Smith understood the moral foundations of political states, considers his theory that political power moved in a cycle, and discusses his theories of democracy, monarchy, and military ... More


The Political Information Cycle

Andrew Chadwick

in The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199759477
eISBN:
9780199345113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759477.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Following chapter 3, the emphasis shifts toward deeper exploration of key events and processes that reveal the hybrid media system in flow. Chapter 4 proposes a new approach to political news making ... More


Policy Prioritization

Anthony M. Bertelli and Peter John

in Public Policy Investment: Priority-Setting and Conditional Representation In British Statecraft

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199663972
eISBN:
9780191755996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663972.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter reviews extant accounts of public opinion responsiveness, party positioning, political business cycles, and endogenous agenda setting by parties and governments that have different ... More


The Brazilian Confidence Game

Javier Santiso

in Banking on Democracy: Financial Markets and Elections in Emerging Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019002
eISBN:
9780262313704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019002.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The intricate links between elections and financial markets are analysed in this chapter, focusing on the Brazilian presidential elections of 2002, 2006, and 2010 to assess the reaction of investors ... More


Conclusion

Javier Santiso

in Banking on Democracy: Financial Markets and Elections in Emerging Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019002
eISBN:
9780262313704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019002.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter summarises the main ideas from the book. One of these being that emerging economies are now becoming a more normalized asset class, as the frontier between OECD and emerging markets ... More


The Political Information Cycle

Andrew Chadwick

in The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190696726
eISBN:
9780190696764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696726.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, International Relations and Politics

Following chapter 3, the emphasis shifts toward deeper exploration of key events and processes that reveal the hybrid media system in flow. Chapter 4 proposes a new approach to political news making ... More


Introduction: The Elements of Political Communication Change

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This introduction serves several important goals. It lays out both the research objective and theoretical framework placing this study on an interdisciplinary foundation that combines work from ... More


Elections and Economic Cycles: What Can We Learn from the Recent Turkish Experience?

Çağatay Bircan and Orkun Saka

in Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198799870
eISBN:
9780191864704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799870.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter studies the presence of political cycles in Turkey’s recent economic history. It first discusses the incentives and the ability of the central government to engage in opportunistic ... More


The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Ben Epstein

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

The Only Constant Is Change presents and tests the political communication cycle (PCC), a model describing how political actors and organizations make decisions about if, how, and when to innovate ... More


Conclusion: Where We Are and Where We Might Be Headed

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This chapter summarizes the key takeaways from the book and the utility of the political communication cycle (PCC) overall. Technological changes and political contexts matter a great deal in the ... More


Political Choice: The Behavioral Role in Political Communication Change

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 4 explains the concept of political choice, the second and most important phase of the political communication cycle (PCC). The political choice phase is the process in which political actors ... More


Zambia: A Time of Big Opportunities and Tough Decisions

Paul Collier

in Zambia: Building Prosperity from Resource Wealth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199660605
eISBN:
9780191749179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660605.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In Zambia the pressures of electoral competition have generated a political business cycle. Promises made during the elections have created fiscal problems. However, averaged over the electoral cycle ... More


Policy Needs Politics

Charlotte Rommerskirchen

in EU Fiscal Policy Coordination in Hard Times: Free Riders on the Storm

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829010
eISBN:
9780191867446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829010.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter sets out to examine the determinants of fiscal policy outcomes during the Great Recession. EU members form a diverse union. What are the implications of economic and political diversity ... More


Collective Solidarity

Peter Turchin

in Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and Fall

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691180779
eISBN:
9781400889310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180779.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter discusses the dynamics underlying collective solidarity, building the theory by inferring group dynamics from interactions between individuals and polity dynamics from interactions ... More


Promoting Special Economic Zones as a Strategy of Industrialization and Lessons Learned

Aradhna Aggarwal

in A Concise Handbook of the Indian Economy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199496464
eISBN:
9780199098170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199496464.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Aradhna Aggarwal in examining the formation and evolution of SEZ policy and its contribution to Indian industrialization over different phases draws lessons for new policies. Contextual solutions ... More


Theorizing Fiscal Policy Coordination

Charlotte Rommerskirchen

in EU Fiscal Policy Coordination in Hard Times: Free Riders on the Storm

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829010
eISBN:
9780191867446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829010.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Fiscal policy coordination is marred by a classic collective action problem; it pays to be egoistical. Member states have an incentive to under- or over-stimulate their economies (what this chapter ... More


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