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Conclusion: Senior Officials in Western Europe

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion starts by noting that there are clearly highly diverse trends in the development of bureaucracy in Western Europe, and that, although in some countries patterns of change are quite ... More


Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Peter Mair

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book looks at how the evidence of change and stability in modern political parties and party systems is interpreted. The emphasis is on western European political parties. The primary focus of ... More


Candidate Emergence, Political Ambition, and Seat Value

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the value of a Senate seat and a general assessment of the value that a Senate seat added to a state during this era of federalism. It argues that ... More


Great Power Politics in the Age of Imperial Expansion, 1856–99

Dale C. Copeland

in Economic Interdependence and War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161587
eISBN:
9781400852703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161587.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the forty-five-year period after the Crimean War when great powers of all stripes fell into an intense competition for formal political control over third-party territories. The ... More


Executive Political Control in the Bureaucracy

Edward C. Page

in People Who Run Europe

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280798
eISBN:
9780191684395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280798.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores the similarity and differences between commissioners and ministers as people who can exercise political control over the EU bureaucracy. It goes on to look at the skills and ... More


Entertaining the National Community

Corey Ross

in Media and the Making of Modern Germany: Mass Communications, Society, and Politics from the Empire to the Third Reich

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278213
eISBN:
9780191707933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278213.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter shows that the processes of political control and commercial concentration outlined in Chapter 9 dovetailed with Nazi efforts to satisfy audiences with popular, if somewhat ... More


Party Patronage in Hungary: Capturing the State

Jan-Hinrik Meyer-Sahling and Krisztina Jager

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines party patronage in Hungary. It argues that party patronage reaches into all areas of the public sector. Political appointments are relatively more important for the ministerial ... More


The Democratic Legitimacy of Bureaucratic Leadership

John Kane and Haig Patapan

in Dispersed Democratic Leadership: Origins, Dynamics, and Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199562992
eISBN:
9780191701856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562992.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Elected democratic leaders have the tendency to face the challenges posed by dispersed leadership throughout society as entailed by democracy. The natural pluralism of a democratic society is ... More


Origins of City-States

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the origins of European city-states. It has long been observed that within Europe, autonomous cities tended to emerge in a relatively narrow belt stretching from the Low ... More


Ambition and Social Order

Catherine Kovesi Killerby

in Sumptuary Law in Italy 1200-1500

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247936
eISBN:
9780191714733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247936.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the attempts by governments to tackle the wider variety of problems presented by the changes due to sumptuary policy, as well as to cope with the problems of public order ... More


The Welsh and the English

Wendy Davies

in Patterns of Power in Early Wales

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201533
eISBN:
9780191674921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201533.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter describes English control in Wales in the tenth century, a period in which the political capacity of English kings increased enormously. Not content with the incorporation of Cornwall ... More


Communist Neo-Traditionalism: An Introductory Essay

Andrew G. Walder

in Communist Neo-Traditionalism: Work and Authority in Chinese Industry

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520064706
eISBN:
9780520909007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520064706.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The neo-traditional image of communist society differs fundamentally from the images of totalitarianism and group theory. It shares with the totalitarian idea a focus on the distinctive communist ... More


The Jacobin Republic

Alan Forrest

in The Revolution in Provincial France: Aquitaine, 1789–1799

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206163
eISBN:
9780191676994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206163.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the Paris Jacobins' assumption of political control over French provinces in 1793. The Jacobins were able to take power after defeating the federalist leadership of Gironde. ... More


The Decline of the System for Controlling Students in Universities

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines the student control system in Chinese universities during the 1980s, showing how it was greatly weakened by changes in social structure brought about by the reform. This ... More


Political control or legitimacy deficit? Bureaucracies’ symbolic responses to bottom-up public pressure

Saar Alon-Barkat and Sharon Gilad

Thomas Schillemans, Jon Pierre, Thomas Schillemans, and Jon Pierre (eds)

in Media and Governance: Exploring the Role of News Media in Complex Systems of Governance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781447341437
eISBN:
9781447341475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341437.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Public administration research has focused on bureaucracies’responses to top-down pressures by elected politicians. By comparison, bureaucracies' responses to bottom-up public pressures, such as ... More


Epilogue

Alton Hornsby

in Black Power in Dixie: A Political History of African Americans in Atlanta

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032825
eISBN:
9780813038537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032825.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

This last chapter concludes that from the Reconstruction era to the pre-civil rights era, the blacks' participation in politics grew from being an occasional influence on general and special ... More


The Political Economy of Mubarak's Fall

Samer Soliman

in Arab Spring in Egypt: Revolution and Beyond (A Tahrir Studies Edition)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789774165368
eISBN:
9781617971365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165368.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As authoritarian regimes do not rest only on repression, the Mubarak's one had to rely on ideology and money. Mubarak's fall should be explained by the weakening of his mechanisms of control in these ... More


Rain Is Only One Aspect of Water

Angela Impey

in Song Walking: Women, Music, and Environmental Justice in an African Borderland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226537962
eISBN:
9780226538150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226538150.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter considers incomers’ shifting landscape epistemologies, reflecting at first on their interaction with the rivers and pans that dominate the region, and the ways that experiences, images ... More


U.S. Attorneys, Political Control, and Career Ambition

Banks Miller and Brett Curry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190928247
eISBN:
9780190928278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190928247.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

United States Attorneys (USAs), the chief federal prosecutors in each judicial district, are key in determining how the federal government uses coercive force against its citizens. How much control ... More


Justice clings to its chains, 1989–2004

Tom Gallagher

in Romania and the European Union: How the Weak Vanquished the Strong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077432
eISBN:
9781781702260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077432.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores the degree of political control that was exercised over the justice system in Romania, and the degree to which this undermined meaningful prospects for reform. It demonstrates ... More


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