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Political Competition and the Reform Trajectories of Post‐Communist States

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The quality of political competition at the moment of regime change determined whether East European states embarked on a liberal or an illiberal pattern of political change after 1989. It was ... More


The Mechanism

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter argues that initial conditions associated with trade and agriculture shaped the occupational distributions of early state elites who, in turn, influenced the subsequent evolution of ... More


Initial Conditions and State Political Competition

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter investigates the relationship between five initial conditions in states—temperature, precipitation, distance to oceans, distance to rivers and lakes, and colonial legal system—and ... More


State Courts

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines how a state's colonial legal system and levels of political competition in the state legislature shaped the independence of judges on the state high court. It argues that the ... More


Competition

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In order to explain what political competition is in the context of candidate selection, this chapter examines the ways that scholars have operationalized competition within political parties and ... More


Does Political Competition Enhance Empowerment?

Shylashri Shankar and Raghav Gaiha

in Battling Corruption: Has NREGA Reached India's Rural Poor?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198085003
eISBN:
9780199082476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085003.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter assesses the impact of political competition on the poor’s participation in NREGA. The answer to the question of how much competition is beneficial varies with the context and the ... More


The anatomy of government failure

Timothy Besley

in Principled Agents?: The Political Economy of Good Government

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199283910
eISBN:
9780191700279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283910.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on government failure. Most economists now agree that the idea of government failure needs to be placed alongside the idea of market failure in discussions of government ... More


Legislatures and Courts

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter furthers the previous chapter's discussion by examining how colonial legal origin and political competition have shaped the funding of state courts. State judicial budgets are set by the ... More


The Objects of Social Contracts

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Social contracts theories are discussed in ten sections: (1) rules versus discretion; (2) outcome‐versus resource‐based evaluative principles; (3) political competition and civil liberties; (4) ... More


Klan Recruitment in North Carolina Counties

David Cunningham

in Klansville, U.S.A.: The Rise and Fall of the Civil Rights-Era Ku Klux Klan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199752027
eISBN:
9780199979431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199752027.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter focuses on the Ku Klux Klan's uneven presence across North Carolina counties, and explains how the significant variation in Klan presence related to the patterning of racial competition ... More


Election Studies

Suhas Palshikar

in Political Science: Volume 2: Indian Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198084952
eISBN:
9780199082414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198084952.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter reviews some aspects of research on India’s state level and national level legislative elections published between 1978 and 2010. It suggests that political scientists were encouraged to ... More


Political Hierarchy and Finance: The Politics of China’s Financial Development

Richard W. Carney

in East Asian Capitalism: Diversity, Continuity, and Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199643097
eISBN:
9780191741944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643097.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

This chapter seeks to explore the political underpinnings of the evolving financial system in China. Following an overview of existing explanations for China's financial development, it presents a ... More


Ideological Cleavage, Political Competition, and Policy Making in the American States

Charles Barrilleaux

in Public Opinion in State Politics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753005
eISBN:
9780804767972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753005.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the impact of public opinion and political competition on policy making in American states. It argues that states with homogeneous opinion present different information and ... More


Introduction: The Political Management of Industrial Conflict

Emmanuel Teitelbaum

in Mobilizing Restraint: Democracy and Industrial Conflict in Post-Reform South Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449949
eISBN:
9780801463358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449949.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book demonstrates how the political exclusion and repression of organized labor is a highly ineffective strategy for ... More


A Political Theory of Industrial Protest

Emmanuel Teitelbaum

in Mobilizing Restraint: Democracy and Industrial Conflict in Post-Reform South Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449949
eISBN:
9780801463358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449949.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter presents a new theory of union behavior that helps to explain the motivations of union leaders in restraining worker protest. It argues that democracy influences industrial relations in ... More


Introduction

Joseph Harris

in Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses our attention on an unexplained puzzle: how parts of the developing world transitioned from a moment characterized by exclusion from healthcare access (“aristocratic healthcare”) ... More


Democratization, Elites, and the Expansion of Access to Health Care and Medicine

Joseph Harris

in Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Sociologists have rarely imagined elites as capable of delivering for society the promise of a better future. More frequently, labor unions and left-wing parties, or grassroots social movements, have ... More


Democracy, Union-Party Ties, and Industrial Conflict

Emmanuel Teitelbaum

in Mobilizing Restraint: Democracy and Industrial Conflict in Post-Reform South Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449949
eISBN:
9780801463358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449949.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the relationship between political competition and industrial protest using data from fifteen Indian states and original survey and in-depth interview data gathered in four ... More


Electoral competition in Ireland since 1987: The politics of triumph and despair

Gary Murphy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719097652
eISBN:
9781526109712
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097652.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The aim of this book is to assess the quarter century of political competition in the Republic of Ireland from the time of the ending of recession of the 1980s up to the 2011 general election where ... More


Identifying the Political Drivers of Quality Education: A Comparative Analysis

Sam Hickey, Naomi Hossain, and David Jackman

in The Politics of Education in Developing Countries: From Schooling to Learning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198835684
eISBN:
9780191873201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835684.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter consolidates findings from the country cases to offer insight into the politics of education reform. It argues that the education sector presents different resources and incentives to ... More


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