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Great Britain: From the Prevalence of the Amateur to the Dominance of the Professional Politician

Uwe Jun

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter shows the professionalization of the political class in Great Britain, a country that until the early 1970s was dominated by the amateur politician. Both major parties in Britain, the ... More


Germany: From “Guilds of Notables” to Political Class

Jens Borchert and Lutz Zeiss

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The professionalization of politics in Germany was hindered by the explicit rejection of legislative salaries in the German constitution until 1906. Thus, it was the Social Democratic Party and ... More


United States: A Political Class of Entrepreneurs

Jens Borchert and Gary Copeland

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

American politicians have about the greatest choice in terms of the electoral offices they want to pursue. However, only a minority of these numerous offices is professionalized. Moreover, while ... More


All Politics Is Local: Mexico's Local Path to Democracy?

Roderic Ai Camp

in The Metamorphosis of Leadership in a Democratic Mexico

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199742851
eISBN:
9780199866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742851.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The influence of local political careers has been crucial to the evolution of democratic leadership in Mexico. An especially strong link exists between local career experience and politicians who are ... More


Spain: A Textbook Case of Partitocracy

Peter Matuschek

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Following its late democratization, Spain immediately experienced a development towards political professionalism, a process in which the political parties have been decisive as they soon succeeded ... More


The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Jens Borchert and Jürgen Zeiss (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Professional politicians have increasingly come under public attack in most democratic countries, yet they have received surprisingly little systematic attention in political science. This is the ... More


An Initial Assessment of the Consequences of MMP in New Zealand

Fiona Barker, Jonathan Boston, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay, and Nigel S. Roberts

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The purpose is to provide an initial assessment of the impact of the introduction of the mixed‐member proportional (MMP) electoral system on the New Zealand political system, especially with regard ... More


Political careers: the making of a regional political class in itself

Klaus Stolz

in Towards a Regional Political Class?: Professional Politicians and Regional Institutions in Catalonia and Scotland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079795
eISBN:
9781781703120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079795.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter shows how the regionalised institutional opportunity structures in conjunction with the non-institutional effects of regionalism are shaping professional political careers in Catalonia ... More


Montaigne's Career

George Hoffmann

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159629
eISBN:
9780191673658
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159629.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

In Montaigne's age hardly anyone made a living through writing. This book examines the practical world in which he and his peers wrote in order to suggest that works like the Essays, for all the ... More


Towards a Regional Political Class?: Professional Politicians and Regional Institutions in Catalonia and Scotland

Klaus Stolz

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079795
eISBN:
9781781703120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079795.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Focusing on professional politicians, this book investigates the interrelationship between political career patterns and political institutions in two of the most widely discussed cases of ... More


Getting There

Ronald M. Peters and Cindy Simon Rosenthal

in Speaker Nancy Pelosi and the New American Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195383737
eISBN:
9780199852802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383737.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details Nancy Pelosi’s rise to the speakership. How she got there is the remarkable personal story of a housewife and mother who, as she has put it, made it from the kitchen to the ... More


The quest for a regional political class

Klaus Stolz

in Towards a Regional Political Class?: Professional Politicians and Regional Institutions in Catalonia and Scotland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079795
eISBN:
9781781703120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079795.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter discusses the objective of this volume, which is to investigate how regional political institutions affect professional political careers in Scotland and Catalonia, and how, ... More


Madam Speaker

Ronald M. Peters and Cindy Simon Rosenthal

in Speaker Nancy Pelosi and the New American Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195383737
eISBN:
9780199852802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383737.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book seeks to understand Nancy Pelosi, not just as a Speaker of the House, or even as its first female Speaker, but also as a reflection of a new era in American politics. This chapter maps the ... More


The land war and the politics of distress, 1877–82

R. V COMERFORD

in A New History of Ireland, Volume VI: Ireland Under the Union, II: 1870-1921

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199583744
eISBN:
9780191702365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583744.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the political distress and land war in Ireland during the period from 1877 to 1882. It discusses British Prime Minister William Gladstone's visit to Ireland in October 1877 to ... More


Gender and Political Backgrounds in Argentina

Susan Franceschet and Jennifer M. Piscopo

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on legislators’ backgrounds, exploring whether legislative quotas in Argentina lead to the nomination of unrepresentative or unqualified female parliamentarians. Susan ... More


‘Mr. Frond’s Company’: Cambridge, Dissent, and Coleridge

Nicholas Roe

in Wordsworth and Coleridge: The Radical Years

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119692
eISBN:
9780191671197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119692.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter is a retrospective survey of radical dissent at Cambridge in the decades prior to 1789, focusing upon William Frend and George Dyer as models for Samuel Taylor Coleridge's political ... More


Macaulay's Craftsmanship: Opening up the Narrative

William Thomas

in The Quarrel of Macaulay and Croker: Politics and History in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208648
eISBN:
9780191678103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208648.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter considers Macaulay's youthful conception of the historian's task and examines how much of it survived from his political experiences. Macaulay's political career both sustained and ... More


Venizelos' Advent in Greek Politics, 1909–12

Helen Gardikas-katsiadakis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' entry into Greek politics. Venizelos was an ambitious man. His success in solving the deadlock in Greece and the leadership gap he discovered there encouraged him to ... More


Informed Choices: Ralph Montagu, 1638–1709

Helen Jacobsen

in Luxury and Power: The Material World of the Stuart Diplomat, 1660-1714

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693757
eISBN:
9780191731976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693757.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

Ralph Montagu, later first duke of Montagu, served as ambassador to the court of Louis XIV on two occasions and, at a time when French taste was gaining ground across Europe amongst the aristocratic ... More


Madness and Discord, 1788–1789

F.P. Lock

in Edmund Burke, Volume II: 1784-1797

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541539
eISBN:
9780191701238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541539.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the activities and career of British politician Edmund Burke during the period from 1788 to 1789. According to his letters and writings, Burke spent 1788 mostly on farming and ... More


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