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Conclusion: William Petty's Political Science

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

The conclusion draws together several of the main themes of the book, arguing that political arithmetic can only be understood properly from the manuscripts he circulated in his lifetime, and in the ... More


Death and Afterlife

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter traces the transformation of political arithmetic after Petty's death from the art of government by social engineering he elaborated to the more anodyne mode of quantitative, analytical ... More


Power and happiness: empirical social enquiry in Britain, from ‘political arithmetic’ to ‘moral statistics’

Joanna Innes

in Inferior Politics: Social Problems and Social Policies in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201526
eISBN:
9780191674914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201526.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter turns from general structures and processes to consider certain ancillaries to policy making. It charts the development of the British ‘culture of fact’, as that manifested itself in ... More


Introduction: William Petty and Political Arithmetic

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter introduces William Petty and his invention, political arithmetic, setting both in historiographical perspective. It discusses the particular challenges posed by Petty's voluminous ... More


The Transmutation of the Irish

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines Petty's first articulation of political arithmetic (and the related concept of ‘political anatomy’) in the early 1670s. Examining Petty's manuscripts in light of his ... More


William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Ted McCormick

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

William Petty (1623–1687) was a founding figure in the history of social science, an architect of English colonial power in Ireland, and a champion of the new empirical and mechanical philosophy at ... More


The Rise of Scientific Method

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The history of the search for a science of society is traced back to the political arithmeticians of the seventeenth century. Social survey is defined. What is right and what is wrong with sociology ... More


Engineering the Data State: Scopes, Meters, and Graphs

Patrick Carroll

in Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247536
eISBN:
9780520932807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247536.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter develops the concept of the “data state”—a condition of being governed by number. It notes that government by number emerges from “political anatomy” and “political arithmetic.” It ... More


Depopulation and the Revival of Pronatalism in the Eighteenth Century

Leslie Tuttle

in Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Eighteenth‐century French writers became convinced that France was depopulating; this public concern was the context in which the French royal government would revive its pronatalist policy to reward ... More


Population: Modes of Seventeenth-Century Demographic Thought

Ted McCormick

in Mercantilism Reimagined: Political Economy in Early Modern Britain and Its Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199988532
eISBN:
9780199369997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988532.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, History of Ideas

English thought about the political economy of population witnessed three distinct phases in the early modern period. In the first, stretching from the early sixteenth century through the early ... More


William Petty and Political Arithmetic: The Origins of GDP

Philipp Lepenies

in The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231175104
eISBN:
9780231541435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175104.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Describes how in the 17th century, the Englishman William Petty proposed the idea of "political arithmetic" - i.e. the notion that rulers should base their political decisions on numbers and ... More


Revolutions 1640–1670

Paul Slack

in The Invention of Improvement: Information and Material Progress in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199645916
eISBN:
9780191757754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645916.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter describes the great expectations raised by civil war and political revolution and their impact on ways of thinking about economic and social change. It stresses the role of the Hartlib ... More


Wasteland Island

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

in Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162547
eISBN:
9780300163742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162547.003.0010
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter explores the origin of John Sinclair's political arithmetic of land use to determine the precise measure of marginal soil still available for improvement in the Highlands. The changing ... More


Statistics as Social Science

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses statistics as social science. The systematic study of social numbers in the spirit of natural philosophy was pioneered during the 1660s, and was known for about a century and a ... More


Before the Victorians

Lawrence Goldman

in Victorians and Numbers: Statistics and Society in Nineteenth Century Britain

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780192847744
eISBN:
9780191943003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847744.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter is divided into two parts. The first deals with the pre-history of Victorian statistics, examining the development of political arithmetic in Britain and ‘statistik’ in German states ... More


Political Economy of Conquest: Public Finance and Colonial Warfare

Manu Sehgal

in Creating an Early Colonial Order: Conquest and Contestation in South Asia, c.1775-1807

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190124502
eISBN:
9780190992170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190124502.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History, Political History

By the final decade of the eighteenth century, the political economy of conquest had crystalized into a distinctively recognizable modern form. Expanded scale of war-making created a need to surveil ... More


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