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Introduction

Martin Conway

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to explore an unduly neglected dimension of the history of 20th-century Europe — the phenomenon of political Catholicism. It ... More


Germany

Karl-Egon Lönne

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses political Catholicism in Germany. Catholicism in German is not simply a religious phenomenon: it has also been a historically significant political force. In strictly numerical ... More


France

James F. McMillan

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses political Catholicism in France. At the beginning of the 20th century, the great majority of French Catholics were conservatives of one hue or another. But between the end of ... More


Italy

John Pollard

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the development of political Catholicism in Italy between 1918 and 1968. It focuses on the relationship between the ecclesiastical hierarchy, especially the Papacy, and the ... More


Ireland

Dermot Keogh and Finín O’Driscoll

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses political Catholicism in Ireland. Topics covered include the formation of an Irish Catholic social movement, the kingship of Christ in the new Free State, vocationalism, Fianna ... More


Spain

Mary Vincent

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses political Catholicism in Spain. It shows that after Vatican II, the Spanish Church was broadly divided into traditionalists and critics. Franco's difficult relations with Pope ... More


Belgium

Martin Conway

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses political Catholicism in Belgium. Belgium has been a heartland of Catholic Europe during the 20th century. In no other European state from the First World War to the 1960s did ... More


Portugal

Tom Gallagher

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses political Catholicism in Portugal. The story of 20th-century Portuguese Catholicism has been one of increasing ghettoization where its failure to translate residual regional ... More


An Alsatian Women's Movement? Nation, Region, Confession, and the Limits of German Feminism, 1874–1914

Elizabeth Vlossak

in Marianne or Germania?: Nationalizing Women in Alsace, 1870-1946

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199561117
eISBN:
9780191595035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561117.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

By investigating the membership and activities of the regional chapters of German patriotic, confessional and feminist organizations, the second chapter determines whether Alsatian women's ... More


Targets of Opportunity: On the Militarization of Thinking

Samuel Weber

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823224753
eISBN:
9780823235650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823224753.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The title of this book echoes a phrase used by the Washington Post to describe the American attempt to kill Saddam Hussein at the start of the war against Iraq. Its theme is the notion of targeting ... More


The Catholic right, political Catholicism and radicalism

Ulrike Ehret

in Church, Nation and Race: Catholics and Antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918-45

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079436
eISBN:
9781781702017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079436.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Catholic right has been a stepchild of historical research into German conservatism and its relationship to National Socialism. The antisemitism of the Catholic right was certainly the most ... More


The ‘Jewish question’ in Catholic publications

Ulrike Ehret

in Church, Nation and Race: Catholics and Antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918-45

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079436
eISBN:
9781781702017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079436.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes how the ‘Jewish question’ and its ‘solution’ were defined in Catholic publications. The call to strengthen Christian values in the modern age and the call to convert the Jews ... More


The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Stephen J. C. Andes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

This book examines Vatican policy towards Catholic social and political movements in Mexico and Chile in the 1920s and 1930s. The first book length treatment of the subject to use Vatican archival ... More


Ultramontanism and Its Discontents: The “Peculiarities” of Munich’s Prewar Catholic Tradition

Derek Hastings

in Catholicism and the Roots of Nazism: Religious Identity and National Socialism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199843459
eISBN:
9780190254513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199843459.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the distinctiveness of Munich's Catholic tradition by focusing on important Catholic trends, including the Christian Social movement and Reform Catholic movement, before World ... More


Church and State

Daniel Laqua

in The age of internationalism and Belgium, 1880-1930: Peace, progress and prestige

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719088834
eISBN:
9781781706183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088834.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The culture wars between Catholics and secularists were at once inter- and transnational: international, because they occurred in many different countries, and transnational, because both camps ... More


Religious and moral values

Andrea Mariuzzo

in Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War Italy: Language, symbols and myths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526121875
eISBN:
9781526138712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526121875.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the extent to which a radical and absolute struggle such as the Cold War opposition of Communists and anti-Communists involves the aspects of religious faith and moral values. ... More


Faithful to Secularism: The Religious Politics of Democracy in Ireland, Senegal, and the Philippines

David T. Buckley

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231180061
eISBN:
9780231542449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180061.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Religion and democracy can make tense bedfellows. Secular elites may view religious movements as conflict-prone and incapable of compromise, while religious actors may fear that anticlericalism will ... More


Liberals, Conservatives, and Mass Politics

Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Mónika Baár, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopeček

in A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198737148
eISBN:
9780191800610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The mass politics emerging at the turn of the century brought a reconfiguration of liberal and conservative thought. As for the liberals, the possible directions of change seemed to involve either a ... More


Conclusions

Michael D. Driessen

in Religion and Democratization: Framing Religious and Political Identities in Muslim and Catholic Societies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199329700
eISBN:
9780199375288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199329700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter begins by revisiting the contributions of the book and its attempt to advance research on religion and democratization. It argues that the book’s theory of religiously friendly ... More


From Paris to Berlin: Official Visits and the Origins of the Franco-German Commission

Conan Fischer

in A Vision of Europe: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression, 1929-1932

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199676293
eISBN:
9780191755613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676293.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

Franco-German relations deteriorated during early 1931 when Germany and Austria announced plans for a customs union which challenged fundamental tenets of the peace treaties. However, France quickly ... More


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