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The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Negotiating Moral Boundaries: The Polio Vaccines of 1934–1935

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Sociologists consider the problem group, or research network, to be the basic unit in the organization of scientific work. Members of these networks are bearers and adjudicators of moral traditions ... More


Vaccines in the First Year of Life

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents the vaccines needed in the first year of life. Hepatitis B is a virus that is transmitted most commonly from one person to another by blood. The American Academy of Pediatrics ... More


Poliomyelitis

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses how polio was first discovered and then controlled, the problems with its elimination, and the argument for continued vaccination to ensure control. Polio was not defined as a ... More


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