Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 35 items

  • Keywords: polio x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Genetically Modified Pathogens

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

It is likely that within not too many years, we will have effectively neutralized most if not all of the CDC A-list agents as potential bioterror weapons. But for some time now scientists have been ... More


Costly Absences, Coercive Presences: Health Care in Rural North India

PATRICIA JEFFERY and ROGER JEFFERY

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses health care in rural north India. It examines the access of villagers in the Bijnor district of western Uttar Pradesh to health care during the early 2000s. The liberalisation, ... More


Beyond Communicable Disease Control: Health in the Age of Globalization

Dyna Arhin‐Tenkorang and Pedro Conceição

in Providing Global Public Goods: Managing Globalization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157406
eISBN:
9780199832965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157400.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Public health is one of the most prominent global public goods, yet the history of international co‐operation to control communicable diseases reveals mixed results. To help understand why some ... More


The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Thinking Big: Emerging Global Efforts For The Control Of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite the devastating pandemic of HIV/AIDS that erupted in the early 1980s, despite the failure to eradicate polio and the emergence of resistant forms of tuberculosis that came into focus in the ... More


Public Health

June Melby Benowitz

in Challenge and Change: Right-Wing Women, Grassroots Activism, and the Baby Boom Generation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061221
eISBN:
9780813051437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061221.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 examines three health issues that drew the attention of rightist women: fluoridation of public water systems, mental health programs, and polio vaccinations. In regard to both fluoridation ... More


The Whole Is Greater:How Polio Was Eradicated from the Western Hemisphere

Ciro A. de Quadros

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes an account of experiences in immunization programs around the world. It talks about an involvement campaign to eradicate smallpox. It also describes the challenges faced by the ... More


A Shot at Protection: Immunizations Against Infectious Disease

Alan R. Hinman and Walter A. Orenstein

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Edward Jenner, an 18th century English physician, observed that milkmaids who had recovered from cowpox, did not have the facial scars of smallpox. In 1796, he demonstrated that inoculation of a ... More


Anthropological and Public Health Perspectives on the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in Northern Nigeria

Elisha P. Renne

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In 1988, the World Health Assembly voted to eradicate poliomyelitis by 2000. While cases of wild poliovirus worldwide have declined considerably, cases continue to be reported, mainly in India, ... More


Fallacy, sacrilege, betrayal and conspiracy: the cultural construction of opposition to immunisation in India

Niels Brimnes

in The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

While the history of immunisation in India is mainly about some of the world’s most extensive programmes, this article focusses on four instances of well-articulated opposition to immunisation from ... More


Vaccination and the communist state: polio in Eastern Europe

Dora Vargha

in The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Through the case of Czechoslovakia and Hungary, this chapter explores the role of Eastern European states in polio prevention and vaccine development in the Cold War. Based on published sources and ... More


Polio vaccination, political authority and the Nigerian state

Elisha P. Renne

in The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Vaccination campaigns rely on the political authority of the state to carry out public health programs for the benefit of its citizens. In sub-Saharan Africa where vaccination programs were ... More


The power of individuals and the dependency of nations in global eradication and immunisation campaigns

William Muraskin

in The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

I have intensively focused on the International Task Force on Hepatitis B Immunisation – led by James Maynard, Alfred Prince and Richard Mahoney; the Children’s Vaccine Initiative led by or ... More


Alive Still: Nell Blaine, American Painter

Cathy Curtis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190908812
eISBN:
9780190908843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908812.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

In 1942, at age twenty, after a vision-impaired and rebellious childhood in Richmond, Virginia, Nell Blaine decamped for New York. Operations had corrected her eyesight, and she was newly aware of ... More


Death on a Silver Platter: Masculinity, Disabilities, and the Noxon Murder Trials of 1944

Ivy George and James W. Trent

in Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190458997
eISBN:
9780190459024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458997.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Around six o’clock on the evening of September 22, 1943, John F. Noxon Jr., a prominent attorney in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and a “crippled” polio survivor, telephoned his family’s pediatrician to ... More


Prologue

Cathy Curtis

in Alive Still: Nell Blaine, American Painter

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190908812
eISBN:
9780190908843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908812.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

In 1959, Nell Blaine was a rising star in the New York art world—one of her paintings was purchased by the Whitney Museum of American Art—when she traveled to Mykonos, Greece, to paint. After several ... More


Negotiating Moral Boundaries: The Polio Vaccines of 1934–1935

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Sociologists consider the problem group, or research network, to be the basic unit in the organization of scientific work. Members of these networks are bearers and adjudicators of moral traditions ... More


Diagnostic Certainty and Disease Control

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter demonstrates the importance of diagnostic certainty in disease eradication and control. It details the successful eradication of smallpox and the worldwide effort to eradicate polio. It ... More


Displacement, mobility and poverty in northern Uganda

Herbert Muyinda and Susan R. Whyte

in Disability and poverty: A global challenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428851
eISBN:
9781447302063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428851.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Shattered livelihoods and entrenched poverty are pressing issues for people with mobility disabilities in displacement locations in northern Uganda. For over two decades there has been a prolonged ... More


Vaccines in the First Year of Life

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents the vaccines needed in the first year of life. Hepatitis B is a virus that is transmitted most commonly from one person to another by blood. The American Academy of Pediatrics ... More


View: