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Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment: When Do Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?

Herbert Kitschelt

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Kitschelt's main proposition is that the strategic ... More


Coping With Permanent Austerity Welfare State Restructuring in Affluent Democracies

Paul Pierson

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter argues that the contemporary politics of the welfare state takes shape against a backdrop of both intense pressures for austerity and enduring popularity. In this context, ... More


Introduction

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter reflects on the need for in-depth historically sensitive research on the development of advanced welfare states. Contrasting the diverging trends and social and economic ... More


Conclusion

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews the results of the empirical chapters in the light of conceptual and theoretical discussions in earlier chapters. It argues that historically sensitive diachronic comparisons of ... More


Welfare state reform and restructuring

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter puts the book into the context of the contemporary discussion on welfare state reform, and reflects on major concepts and guiding notions, such as retrenchment, re-calibration, and ... More


Modernization Dreams and Public Policy Reform

Helen Margetts

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter does not attempt to verify the validity of the claims made for modernization, nor to develop the ‘theory of modernization’, but rather to discern from them analytically some meaning of ... More


Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Helen Margetts, Perri 6, and Christopher Hood (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This book explores the unintended and unanticipated effects associated with ‘modernization’ projects and tackles the key question that they provoke: Why do policy-makers persist in such enterprises ... More


Globalization: New Constraints on Policymaking

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter argues that responses to the pressures on welfare are shaped by the context of globalization and fiercer international competition. This inclines governments to develop policies that ... More


Financial Services and International Trade Agreements: The Development Dimension

Wendy Dobson

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter notes the special role of financial services in an economy and distinguishes policy reform from domestic deregulation and capital account deregulation. The impacts of policy reform and ... More


Mobilizing for Reform *: Cohesion in State Health Care Coalitions

Holly Jarman and Scott L. Greer

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Jarman and Greer consider how the fragmentation of the U.S. political system acts as a key obstacle to state‐wide universal health insurance coverage. The “paradox of purity” poses a difficult ... More


Imagining Better Refugee Policy

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Different policy futures could result from preferences such as containment, international cooperation, or taking a proactive approach. The continuing problem of forced displacement makes ... More


Comparing Regional Rural Development Councils: Do ‘Invited Spaces’ Empower?

Jonathan Fox

in Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter asks whether policy reforms that formally permit participation by organized poor people actually led to power-sharing in practice. The Mexican state has more than two decades of ... More


Shocks, Policy Shifts, and Another Long Boom

Ian W. McLean

in Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explains how the higher level of prosperity attained during the second “golden age” was threatened during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Pressures for a significant restructuring in the ... More


Australia

Hal Hill and Bruce McKern

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This case study on the impact of globalization on Australia is organized into six main sections. Sect.1 and Sect. 2, provide a general overview of Australia's international integration from a ... More


Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care: Introduction

Sandra R. Levitsky and Jane Banaszak‐Holl

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Levitsky and Banaszak‐Hall introduce an analytical framework for understanding collective challenges to American health institutions. Departing from the dominant paradigms in the social movement ... More


The Strength of Diverse Ties *: Multiple Hybridity in the Politics of Inclusion and Difference in U.S. Biomedical Research

Steven Epstein

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Epstein considers collective efforts to transform federal health regulations guiding clinical research. Since 1986, federal laws, policies, and guidelines have either required or encouraged ... More


France: Reforming from within, or statism and managerialism

Denis Saint-Martin

in Building the New Managerialist State: Consultants and the Politics of Public Sector Reform in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269068
eISBN:
9780191699344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269068.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

France began to incorporate management-consulting knowledge a lot later than Britain and Canada did. The state adopted the 1989 policy on the Renewal of Civil Service that prioritized human resource ... More


Labour Market Institutions and Income Inequality: What are the New Insights after the Washington Consensus?

Rolph van der Hoeven and Catherine Saget

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Looks at some of the labour market outcomes of recent economic reforms. The extent to which labour market institutions affect the relationship between reform policies and income inequality remains ... More


Reducing Poverty and Inequality in India: Has Liberalization Helped?

Raghbendra Jha

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the first of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of India. Discusses the differences between the approach taken to liberalization in India (the Delhi ... More


The Pursuit of a Godly Conjunction

CLARE KELLAR

in Scotland, England, and the Reformation 1534-61

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199266708
eISBN:
9780191708930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266708.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter begins by discussing that James V's unexpected death in December 1542 led to an entirely new phase in Henry VIII's policy towards Scotland. It then explains that in order to resolve ... More


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