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Chapter 4

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The final part of the book deals with the relationship between transitions to democracy, women's substantive representation, and policy outcomes. It completes the analysis of the circumstances under ... More


The Relationship between Partisan Government and Policy: An Analysis of OECD Data

David Rueda

in Social Democracy Inside Out: Partisanship and Labor Market Policy in Advanced Industrialized Democracies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199216352
eISBN:
9780191712241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216352.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The previous chapters have shown that in the presence of insider-outsider conflict, social democratic governments will promote insider policies regardless of the consequences for outsiders. However, ... More


Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Jon Hanson (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Formally, the law purports to be based solely in reasoned analysis, devoid of ideological bias or unconscious influences. Judges claim to act as umpires applying the rules, not making them. They ... More


Regime Development Under Pressure: Staged Retreats and Lateral Mutations

Christopher Hood, Henry Rothstein, and Robert Baldwin

in The Government of Risk: Understanding Risk Regulation Regimes

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243631
eISBN:
9780191599507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243638.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Moves away from explaining the comparative statics of risk regulation regimes and explores what happens when regimes are under pressure to change, and, in particular, when they are under presure for ... More


The Transatlantic Shift in Regulatory Stringency

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses how within political systems, there are important linkages among many health, safety, and environmental risk regulations. Their public issue life cycles overlap and they often ... More


Conference Committees and Policy Change after Passage

Josh M. Ryan

in The Congressional Endgame: Interchamber Bargaining and Compromise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226582061
eISBN:
9780226582375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226582375.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

How do bills change once they emerge from conference committees? This chapter answers the "who wins" question by examining how coalitions shift pre-conference to post-conference. The empirical tests ... More


The impact of the new public and private pension settlements in Britain and Germany on citizens’ income in old age

Paul Bridgen and Traute Meyer

in Converging Worlds of Welfare?: British and German Social Policy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199584499
eISBN:
9780191728792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584499.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter uses policy simulation to illustrate the scale and nature of the institutional changes made to the German and British pension systems by reforms undertaken in the first decade of the new ... More


The Dependence of Policy Outcomes on Processes of Choice

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The case of defining torture in the “War on Terror”, the political processes chosen, and the people chosen to carry them out, produces results that nobody wants while targeting outcomes that only a ... More


Federalism, Social Policy, and Reductions in Territorial Inequality in Contemporary Brazil

Marta Arretche

in New Order and Progress: Development and Democracy in Brazil

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190462888
eISBN:
9780190492885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190462888.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The chapter provides evidence for the statement that federalism and reducing inequality among jurisdictions can go together, even if policy execution is decentralized, provided that interregional ... More


The Theory That Backs Up What We Say

Nancy Cartwright and Jeremy Hardie

in Evidence-Based Policy: A Practical Guide to Doing It Better

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199841608
eISBN:
9780190252618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199841608.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents a theoretical discussion of how predicting policy outcomes is really betting that the policy can play the right causal role in a given situation and that the given situation ... More


Subversive citizens: Power, agency and resistance in public services

Marian Barnes and David Prior (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422088
eISBN:
9781447303619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422088.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Many of the recent reforms in public services in the UK have been driven by the image of the ‘responsible citizen’ – the service user who not only has rights to receive services but also has ... More


Policy Type and Judicial Contestation

in Judging Policy: Courts and Policy Reform in Democratic Brazil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758116
eISBN:
9780804786799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758116.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents case studies of eight key policy debates in Brazil undertaken during the term of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso from 1995 to 2002 that indicate the frequent recourse to the ... More


Yardstick competition and its cousins

Pierre Salmon

in Yardstick Competition among Governments: Accountability and Policymaking when Citizens Look Across Borders

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190499167
eISBN:
9780190499198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499167.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter considers some mechanisms that interact with yardstick competition or that might be confused with it. Most attention is given to mobility-based competition and policy learning. ... More


Two decades of pension reforms in Italy: shedding light on a series of mirror-images

David Natali

in The Italian welfare state in a European perspective: A comparative analysis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447316886
eISBN:
9781447316909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447316886.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter sheds light on pensions policy in Italy and addresses a three-fold apparent paradox. In the last decades, Italy has in fact shown an impressive reform record in a typical ‘sticky’ policy ... More


Representative Women?: Presence and Performance of Intersectionality

Shirin M. Rai and Carole Spary

in Performing Representation: Women Members in the Indian Parliament

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199489053
eISBN:
9780199093861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489053.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Building on arguments about differences among women when discussing their representation, the chapter suggests that focusing on the link between descriptive and substantive representation ... More


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