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What’s the Problem?

Kathleen M. Blee

in Democracy in the Making: How Activist Groups Form

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842766
eISBN:
9780199951161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842766.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores how activist groups create an ideological character as they define problems to work on. Although they generally start with a sense of the problem, grassroots groups often change ... More


Shoot to Kill: Rebellion and Retrenchment in Post–Civil Rights Chicago

Simon Balto

in Occupied Territory: Policing Black Chicago from Red Summer to Black Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649597
eISBN:
9781469649610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649597.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The book’s penultimate chapter focuses on the late 1960s, as whatever tenuous accountability mechanisms Orlando Wilson had implemented were destroyed by his successor. With Black Power and left-wing ... More


Targets

Nikki Jones

in The Chosen Ones: Black Men and the Politics of Redemption

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520288348
eISBN:
9780520963313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288348.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter 3 illustrates how the crime-fighting community cedes responsibility for the control of young Black men most vulnerable to violence as either victim or perpetrator to the most powerful and ... More


Policing Raceriotland: A Journey into Racist Policing and Urban Uprising

Max Felker-Kantor

in Policing Los Angeles: Race, Resistance, and the Rise of the LAPD

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646831
eISBN:
9781469646855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646831.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

Intensified policing and punitive crime policies in Los Angeles emerged from the response to the urban uprisings of the 1960s. Despite the belief among mostly white conservative politicians and ... More


Police and Violence

Malcolm Anderson

in In Thrall to Political Change: Police and Gendarmerie in France

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199693641
eISBN:
9780191803758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693641.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter deals with repressive and violent action by the police and gendarmerie in France since 1870. It first discusses three broad categories of allegations of police violence since the ... More


Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of force by police has proven to be a challenging and divisive issue in the United States, and for good reason. Philosophically, the government’s use of violence against community members is ... More


A Mirror of Society: Police in Post-Soviet Countries

Erica Marat

in The Politics of Police Reform: Society against the State in Post-Soviet Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190861490
eISBN:
9780190861520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861490.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Russian Politics

The introductory chapter develops a new understanding of both police and police reform in the post-Soviet context. Departing from the conventional interpretation of the police as merely an ... More


Transformative Violence and Mobilization

Erica Marat

in The Politics of Police Reform: Society against the State in Post-Soviet Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190861490
eISBN:
9780190861520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861490.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Russian Politics

Chapter 2 constructs a theoretical model on the pathways to police reform: that police reform takes place in the aftermath of police violence in urban areas in countries where civil society groups ... More


Conclusion

Jeffrey S. Adler

in Murder in New Orleans: The Creation of Jim Crow Policing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226643311
eISBN:
9780226643458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226643458.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Conclusion explores two themes. First, it places New Orleans trends in crime and punishment in national perspective. Although local pressures shaped violence and criminal justice, the broader ... More


Lawmaking and State-Making as Vigilantism

Nicholas Rush Smith

in Contradictions of Democracy: Vigilantism and Rights in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190847180
eISBN:
9780190847227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847180.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

As apartheid collapsed, South Africa set out on one of the most ambitious police reform projects the world had ever seen. However, in 2008, senior state officials began calling for restrictions on ... More


Surveillance and Black Life in Equiano’s Atlantic

Sal Nicolazzo

in Vagrant Figures: Law, Literature, and the Origins of the Police

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300241310
eISBN:
9780300255706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241310.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter describes how Olaudah Equiano's Interesting Narrative (1789) critically resignifies some of the crucial narrative and formal tropes of vagrancy in order to articulate blackness as ... More


In Thrall to Political Change: Police and Gendarmerie in France

Malcolm Anderson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199693641
eISBN:
9780191803758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693641.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book provides a history of the police and gendarmerie in France from the establishment of a democratic Republican regime in 1870 down to the present day. Based on archival material and on recent ... More


A Comparative Perspective: Transformative Violence around the World

Erica Marat

in The Politics of Police Reform: Society against the State in Post-Soviet Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190861490
eISBN:
9780190861520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861490.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Russian Politics

Chapter 9 applies the book’s main theoretical argument outside the post-Soviet region, examining competitive authoritarian regimes in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America. The chapter ... More


Hostile Heartland: Racism, Repression, and Resistance in the Midwest

Brent M. S. Campney

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042492
eISBN:
9780252051333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042492.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Hostile Heartland examines racial violence—or, more aptly, racist violence—against blacks (African Americans) in the Midwest, emphasizing lynching, whipping, and violence by police (or police ... More


The Paradox of Black Citizenship

Christen A. Smith

in Afro-Paradise: Blackness, Violence, and Performance in Brazil

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039935
eISBN:
9780252098093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039935.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter discusses the politics of citizenship, blackness, and exclusion in Bahia, taking up the question of Afro-nationalism. It argues that black people confront visible and invisible human ... More


Introduction

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of force is inherent in and inseparable from modern policing, but police violence has proven to be a challenging and divisive social issue. Officers could not fulfil their public duties ... More


The Community Expectations Standard

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of force by police, when perceived negatively by community members, can undermine public trust over time, even serving as a flashpoint that ignites long-simmering hostility. The acute and ... More


The Old Northwest, 1890s–1930s: “If we do our duty no mob can ever get into this jail”

Brent M. S. Campney

in Hostile Heartland: Racism, Repression, and Resistance in the Midwest

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042492
eISBN:
9780252051333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042492.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter investigates the development—particularly by the police—of white opposition to mob violence against blacks in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio from the 1890s to the 1930s. At the outset it ... More


When the Police Knock Your Door In

Alice Goffman

in Violence at the Urban Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780190221447
eISBN:
9780190221461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190221447.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies, Law, Crime and Deviance

The unique rise in US imprisonment over the past forty years is disproportionately borne by Black young men with little schooling. In poorer Black neighborhoods, historically high incarceration rates ... More


Innocence

Richard Kent Evans

in MOVE: An American Religion

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190058777
eISBN:
9780190058807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190058777.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter tells the story of the MOVE Bombing. In the thirty-three years since the MOVE Bombing, writers, artists, and filmmakers have struggled to make sense of what happened on May 13, 1985. ... More


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