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False Memory in Criminal Investigation

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines false-memory phenomena in adult witness interviews and in eyewitness identification of suspects. The chapter is divided into two sections. The first section contains examples of ... More


Remembering sexual misconduct

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Sexual Misconduct Cases

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199926961
eISBN:
9780199980505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926961.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter addresses the case of a sixteen-year old girl, Mary Martin, who accused her father of sexually molesting her while she was in elementary and high school. Since the acts were committed ... More


The Discourse of Police Interviews

Marianne Mason and Frances Rock (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The Discourse of Police Interviews examines how police interviews are discursively constructed and institutionally used to investigate and prosecute crimes. This volume investigates multiple ... More


Introduction

Marianne Mason

in The Discourse of Police Interviews

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses leading debates, approaches, and topics in contemporary police interview research. The chapter situates the police interview as part of a complex, and multistage, criminal ... More


Big trouble at a birthday party

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Sexual Misconduct Cases

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199926961
eISBN:
9780199980505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926961.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses a case where a drunken teenage girl was sexually molested by her stepfather. It considers that the police interview of the stepfather was classically flawed, because not only ... More


“Are You Saying You Were Stabbed … ?”: Multimodality, Embodied Action, and Dramatized Formulations in “Fixing” the Facts in Police Interviews with Suspects

Alison Johnson

in The Discourse of Police Interviews

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Interviewers in criminal investigations engage suspects in forensic questioning to transform from unsettled to settled ‘the facts’ in relation to alleged crimes. In questions such as “Are you saying ... More


When Police Interview Victims of Sexual Assault: Comparing Written Guidance to Interactional Practice

Elizabeth Stokoe, Charles Antaki, Emma Richardson, and Sara Willott

in The Discourse of Police Interviews

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents an analysis of investigative interviews with victims of reported sexual abuse. The data analyzed are 19 videotapes of interviews from archived cases involving complainants with ... More


Voluntariness of Suspects Impaired by Alcohol or Drugs

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Murder Cases: Intentionality, Predisposition, and Voluntariness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199354832
eISBN:
9780199398454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354832.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Intoxication by alcohol or drugs is not a legal defense, but when suspects’ mental capacities are besotted, their intoxication during police interviews can affect their voluntariness. Problems occur ... More


Talking the Ethical Turn: Drawing on Tick-Box Consent in Policing

Frances Rock

in Discursive Constructions of Consent in the Legal Process

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199945351
eISBN:
9780190279219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945351.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Policing in England and Wales is founded on the principle of “policing by consent”: for policing to be effective, it must be done with consent. The consent required is most obviously communal yet ... More


Nonconsent and Discursive Resistance: Radical Reformulation in a Post-sting Police Interview

Philip Gaines

in Discursive Constructions of Consent in the Legal Process

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199945351
eISBN:
9780190279219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945351.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In June 2007, US senator Larry Craig was arrested in a public restroom for disorderly conduct after an undercover police officer observed behavior by Craig that the officer believed constituted a ... More


Supporting Competing Narratives: A Membership Categorization Analysis of Identity Work in Police-Detainee Talk

David Yoong and Ayeshah Syed

in The Discourse of Police Interviews

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines identity-related categories that emerge in a post-sting operation interview between an undercover officer (and his colleague) and a high-profile detainee, who had allegedly ... More


Voluntariness in Murder Cases

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Murder Cases: Intentionality, Predisposition, and Voluntariness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199354832
eISBN:
9780199398454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354832.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Voluntariness becomes a critical legal issue when suspects are interviewed before or during custody as well as when they are questioned at trial. The law, describing voluntariness as intentional and ... More


Voluntariness of Emotionally Distraught Suspects

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Murder Cases: Intentionality, Predisposition, and Voluntariness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199354832
eISBN:
9780199398454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354832.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Police interviews, hearings, and trials are emotionally charged events, yet laws pay little or no attention to the effect of emotion on the accuracy and ability of participants. Ironically, lawyers ... More


Voluntariness of Mentally Incapacitated Suspects

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Murder Cases: Intentionality, Predisposition, and Voluntariness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199354832
eISBN:
9780199398454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354832.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter briefly outlines the history of the courts’ efforts to deal with mentally incapacitated suspects and then describes three murder cases involving suspects with varying degrees of mental ... More


Reasonable Doubt in Murder Cases

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Murder Cases: Intentionality, Predisposition, and Voluntariness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199354832
eISBN:
9780199398454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354832.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter reviews the attempted understandings and problems involving the legal concept of reasonable doubt, which by definition is based on jurors’ efforts to deal with the legal concepts of ... More


Corrupt Foreign Business Practices (Fraud)

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Fraud Cases

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190270643
eISBN:
9780190270667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270643.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The Corrupt Foreign Practices Act was enacted to prevent American businesses from bribing foreign governments to get contracts. In a 2010 sting operation, Yoshi Cohen, whose company produced body ... More


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