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On the nature of experience and exclusivity: the police ‘closed shop’

Bryn Caless

in Policing at the Top: The Roles, Values and Attitudes of Chief Police Officers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781447300168
eISBN:
9781447305507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300168.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

There is debate as to whether outsiders could undertake the role of chief officer successfully and whether or not a National Police Force is feasible. This chapter presents the balance of chief ... More


Transitional states in search of support: Private military companies and security sector reform

Elke Krahmann

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the role of PMCs in security sector reform (SSR) and problems arising from their involvement for transitional states and donor governments, respectively. While the work of PMCs ... More


‘The Job’ and ‘The Force’

Ian Loader and Aogán Mulcahy

in Policing and the Condition of England: Memory, Politics and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299066
eISBN:
9780191685583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299066.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the meanings and values explicit and implicit in officers' memories of three salient aspects of the job and the police organization: the social status of ‘the police officer’ ... More


Policing Morals: The Metropolitan Police and the Home Office 1870–1914

Stefan Petrow

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201656
eISBN:
9780191674976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201656.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book studies the Metropolitan Police in the period 1870–1914, the time when it was transformed into a recognizable modern professional police force. The book examines how the Metropolitan ... More


Policing Bodies in Wandsworth

Trevor Jones and Tim Newburn

in Private Security and Public Policing

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265696
eISBN:
9780191682933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265696.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter analyses the actual operation of so-called hybrid policing and private policing ‘on the ground’ and examines their relationship with Home Department police forces. Clearly, this requires ... More


The Community Expectations Standard

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of force by police, when perceived negatively by community members, can undermine public trust over time, even serving as a flashpoint that ignites long-simmering hostility. The acute and ... More


Without Fear or Favor

Elton Skendaj

in Creating Kosovo: International Oversight and the Making of Ethical Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452949
eISBN:
9780801470189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452949.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares the two effective bureaucracies in Kosovo: the customs service and the police force. International organizations insulated these bureaucracies from political patronage by ... More


The Caribbean Police Commissioner

Ben Bowling

in Policing the Caribbean: Transnational Security Cooperation in Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199577699
eISBN:
9780191702259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577699.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the establishment and hierarchy amongst the police forces in the Caribbean region. This chapter also explains how police commissions in the region are regarded as legacies from ... More


Policing Afghanistan: The Politics of the Lame Leviathan

Antonio Giustozzi and Mohammed Isaqzadeh

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199327942
eISBN:
9780199388042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327942.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Policing is not a popular topic of serious scholarly research. Although a vast literature on policing exists, it is mostly technical in nature and only rarely analytical. Even the police forces of ... More


The State Law Standard

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Nearly all police agencies and the vast majority of officers derive their authority from state law, making state law a relevant and important standard to consider in the evaluation of police uses of ... More


Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of force by police has proven to be a challenging and divisive issue in the United States, and for good reason. Philosophically, the government’s use of violence against community members is ... More


The Detective as Wage-Earner and Official Crime Fighter

Haia Shpayer-Makov

in The Ascent of the Detective: Police Sleuths in Victorian and Edwardian England

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199577408
eISBN:
9780191804465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199577408.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter outlines the employment conditions common to uniformed policemen and detectives. It details the special set of compensations that detectives received, other material rewards, job ... More


The Administrative Standard

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The vast majority of the 18,000 police agencies in the United States have policies, procedures, and training that govern officers’ uses of force. While there are notable consistencies and broad, ... More


Creating Kosovo: International Oversight and the Making of Ethical Institutions

Elton Skendaj

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452949
eISBN:
9780801470189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452949.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In shaping the institutions of a new country, what interventions from international actors lead to success and failure? This book's investigation into Kosovo, based on national survey data, ... More


Internal Security Challenges and Role of the Central Armed Police Forces

Bibhu Prasad Routray

in India's Military Modernization: Challenges and Prospects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092384
eISBN:
9780199082674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092384.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the role of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) in three conflict theatres ? the Left-Wing Extremism-affected states, the Northeast, and Jammu and Kashmir. While analysing ... More


The Constitutional Law Standard

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Police officers, like all government officials, are subject to the limitations imposed by the Constitution of the United States. The Supreme Court has ruled that police uses of force are subject to ... More


Tactical Considerations1

Seth W. Stoughton, Jeffrey J. Noble, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Evaluating Police Uses of Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479814657
eISBN:
9781479830480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479814657.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Officers do not use force in a vacuum. It has long been recognized that a use of force is not the result of a single decision, but rather of “a contingent sequence of decisions and resulting ... More


Government Measures and Their Effect on Society

Patricia Lim

in Forgotten Souls: A Social History of the Hong Kong Cemetery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099906
eISBN:
9789882207714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099906.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter discusses the governors of Hong Kong during the late nineteenth century and their effect on society. After years of experiencing difficulties and the perceived quarrelsome nature of the ... More


The Security Forces

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0021
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the steps undertaken by the Republic to restore the police forces. With only the bare remnants of the Republican police corps at its disposal, the liberal government formed by ... More


Putting on the Uniform

in Invisible Men: The Secret Lives of Police Constables in Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham, 1900-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312359
eISBN:
9781846316104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316104.002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In England, working-class families encouraged their sons to apply to the police force to earn regular wages and a chance for promotion. Believing that policing paid a steady wage for little effort, a ... More


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