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Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonias

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health care-associated pneumonia in hospitalized patients has a mortality rate of up to 40%. Although pneumonia may occur in patients throughout the hospital stay, the patients at greatest risk are ... More


Death

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0027
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

One in every four people in the United Kingdom dies from cancer. This dreaded disease develops in over 50 per cent in the population aged 65 and above while more than 20 per cent of people aged 75 ... More


The Promise and Promotion of CEA

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the intellectual roots of cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. It also provides a brief history of CEA in health applications. It argues that the emergence of CEA in the ... More


Respiratory Scoring Systems and Statistics

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Respiratory scoring systems Health status St Georges Respiratory Questionnaire: Validated in patients with airway obstruction and bronchiectasis. 50-item questionnaire assessing 3 domains: ... More


Influenza Virus, the Plague That Will Continue to Return

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the influenza virus. Even though the casualties, both military and civilian, were massive during World War I, deaths from the epidemic of influenza virus in 1918–1919 ... More


Eosinophilic Lung Disease

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Eosinophilic lung disease Eosinophilic lung disorders are recognized by elevated numbers of eosinophils in the pulmonary parenchyma, defined by the presence of: Serum eosinophilia with suggestive ... More


Pulmonary Infection

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Pneumonia Definitions Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): occurs within 48 hrs of admission. Hospital-acquired pneumonia: occurs ≥48 hrs after admission. Ventilator-acquired pneumonia: occurs ≥48 ... More


Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Simon Tiber

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0040
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Pharyngitis is common with incidence peaking from autumn to spring. Respiratory viruses are most commonly implicated, and are generally self-limiting conditions not requiring diagnostic workup or ... More


Introduction

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

Shilts is elevated as the closing speaker for the Fifth International AIDS Conference in Montreal, Canada in June 1989. Despite the esteem of the speech invitation, members of ACT-UP and others ... More


Conduct Unbecoming

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

Shilts turns his attention to the struggle for gays and lesbians to remain in active duty for the U.S. military. Shilts highlights the struggles of Edward Modesto, Leonard Matlovich and Margarethe ... More


Forewarned, Forearmed

Edward P. Crapol

in John Tyler the Accidental President

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807872239
eISBN:
9781469602288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882726_crapol.5
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter talks about President William Henry Harrison's death due to pneumonia after just a month in office. Popular legend has it that Vice President John Tyler was momentarily stunned when ... More


Re-enter Jessie, 1911–1912

Neil Roberts

in Sons and Lovers: The Biography of a Novel

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781942954187
eISBN:
9781786944139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781942954187.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Jessie’s criticism was crucial to Paul Morel’s transformation into one of the great novels of the twentieth century. She advised Lawrence to stay much closer to actuality, and in particular to ... More


1933–1973 Epilogue

John McCusker

in Creole Trombone: Kid Ory and the Early Years of Jazz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617036262
eISBN:
9781617036279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617036262.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on the history of Kid Ory’s musical career during the period from 1933 to 1973. It explains that even while working as a janitor, Ory’s love for music never faded. He copyrighted ... More


The Legacies of the Dead

L. C. Carr

in Tessa Verney Wheeler: Women and Archaeology Before World War Two

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199640225
eISBN:
9780191804663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199640225.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter talks about the death of Tessa Verney Wheeler and the archaeological works and publications of her husband, Robert Eric Mortimer (Rik) Wheeler after her passing. Tessa and Rik Wheeler ... More


Interstitial Lung Disease

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Classification of interstitial lung disease (ILD)


Upper Limb—Shoulder, Humerus, and Elbow

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Anterior band inferior glenohumeral ligament Middle glenohumeral ligament Superior glenohumeral ligament Subscapularis Acromioclavicular ligament Coracoacromio ligament Corococlavicular ... More


Geriatric Medicine

Iqbal Khan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the MRCP Part 1 Volume 2

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747161
eISBN:
9780191916922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747161.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions A 72-year-old man had begun to mobilize four days after admission with a left lower lobe pneumonia, complicated by renal impairment. His renal function was improving and his chest X-ray, ... More


Mortality and Morbidity in Modern Wars, I: Civil Populations

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

In this chapter, we examine the time trends that have occurred in the causes of morbidity and mortality in civil populations over the last century and a half. Particular attention is paid to the ... More


Europe: Camp Epidemics

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

One recurring theme of the previous chapter was the role of military assembly and training camps as sites for explosive outbreaks of infectious diseases during periods of wartime mobilization. ... More


The Public’s Health

Wendy Z. Goldman and Donald Filtzer

in Fortress Dark and Stern: The Soviet Home Front during World War II

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190618414
eISBN:
9780190092672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190618414.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History, World Modern History

The war saw a protracted mortality crisis among civilians. The movement of millions of refugees and evacuees with little access to sanitary facilities, clean water, or medical care led to widespread ... More


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