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In Thrall to the Idea of The One

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The curiously sweeping assumption that all reference is ‘ultimately’ singular — even in the case of plural or non-count reference — is presented and examined. In the case of plural reference, ... More


Occurrents, Classes, and Masses

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the mereology of three kinds of object for which it is reasonable to suppose the extensionality principle PPP holds: occurrents, classes, and masses. Classes and masses provide ... More


Reference to Universals and Plural Reference to Particulars

Friederike Moltmann

in Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199608744
eISBN:
9780191747700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608744.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with (apparent) reference to universals. A common view is that terms like wisdom and the property of being wise both refer to abstract objects. There is a range of linguistic ... More


Plural Reference and Reference to a Plurality: Linguistic Facts and Semantic Analyses

Friederike Moltmann

in Unity and Plurality: Logic, Philosophy, and Linguistics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198716327
eISBN:
9780191785030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716327.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses two approaches to the semantics of (definite) plurals: Reference to a Plurality and Plural Reference. Reference to a Plurality takes a definite plural noun phrase like “the ... More


Predication

Colin McGinn

in Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241811
eISBN:
9780191598029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241813.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The extensional view that predicates are general terms that refer severally to the members of a set of objects that satisfy them is rejected. Instead, it is argued that predicates refer to ... More


One Act, Several Conceptual Parts

Mark Textor

in Brentano's Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199685479
eISBN:
9780191765636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685479.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter clarifies the conclusion of Brentano’s Duplication Argument. On Brentano’s view, a conscious mental act is directed on two objects, one of them being the act itself, but its plural ... More


Unity and Plurality: Logic, Philosophy, and Linguistics

Massimiliano Carrara, Alexandra Arapinis, and Friederike Moltmann (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198716327
eISBN:
9780191785030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716327.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The aim of this volume is to present novel ways of thinking about plurality while casting new light on the interconnections among the logical, philosophical, and linguistic aspects of plurals. The ... More


Arbitrariness

Daniel Z. Korman

in Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198732532
eISBN:
9780191796760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732532.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arbitrariness arguments turn on the claim that there is no ontologically significant difference between certain of the objects that conservatives do believe in and certain of the ones they don’t. ... More


The Number of Planets, a Number-Referring Term?

Friederike Moltmann

in Abstractionism: Essays in Philosophy of Mathematics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199645268
eISBN:
9780191755330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645268.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The common view, at least since Frege, is that terms like ‘the number of planets’ refer to numbers as abstract objects. On the basis of a range of linguistic evidence, I will argue that this view is ... More


Enter Parmenides: Mereological Sums

Graham Priest

in One: Being an Investigation into the Unity of Reality and of its Parts, including the Singular Object which is Nothingness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199688258
eISBN:
9780191767586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688258.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter starts with a discussion of Parmenides’ view that there is just one object with no parts. Parmenides’ arguments are rejected. It then moves to Plato’s critique of Parmenides’ view in the ... More


The Positions

Daniel Z. Korman

in Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198732532
eISBN:
9780191796760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732532.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a detailed presentation of the permissivist, eliminativist, and conservative theses under discussion. It distinguishes among a variety of different permissive and eliminative ... More


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