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Speeding the Plough

Ronald Hutton

in The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205708
eISBN:
9780191676758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205708.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In medieval and early modern England the ploughing season began immediately after the end of the Christmas holidays; and indeed this remained true until the widespread adoption of winter cereal crops ... More


Food in Wartime, 1939–1940

Alan F. Wilt

in Food for War: Agriculture and Rearmament in Britain before the Second World War

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208716
eISBN:
9780191717024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208716.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses food in wartime from 1939 to 1940. It investigates how well the government's plans in food and agriculture worked out during this period. It also looks at what the government ... More


Unsettling Drug Patent Settlements: A Framework for Presumptive Illegality

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explains why agreements by which brand-name pharmaceutical companies pay generic firms to settle patent infringement litigation and agree to delay entering the market should be ... More


Calculating Plough-Zone Demographics: Some Insights from Arid-Zone Surveys

David Mattingly

in Settlement, Urbanization, and Population

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602353
eISBN:
9780191731570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602353.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter provides some illustrations of the potential disparity between plough-zone results and those in a variety of arid-zone projects, where surface preservation of physical features allows ... More


FRICTION

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces friction as it manifests itself in everyday life. It begins with Amontons' law (1699) that friction is proportional to the loading force between contacting surfaces (the ... More


‘All think what other people think’: George O'Brien's Tenure, 1925–1926

Lauren Arrington

in W.B. Yeats, the Abbey Theatre, Censorship, and the Irish State: Adding the Half-pence to the Pence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590575
eISBN:
9780191595523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590575.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

As a result of the subsidy, the government placed a representative on the Abbey's board of directors. This chapter analyses the brief tenure of the first government‐appointed director, George ... More


1926–1951: ‘The birth of a nation is no immaculate conception’

Robert Welch

in The Abbey Theatre, 1899-1999: Form and Pressure

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198121879
eISBN:
9780191671364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198121879.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The thirty years after 1968 saw great contributions in all aspects of creative activity in Ireland. This was the period of immense growth in the arts; for people, it was not unusual to witness some ... More


A Novel Method of Weed Control

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Photosynthesis involves biological energy transduction, the transformation of light energy into chemical energy, and photosensory pigments, which play an important role in the process. Phytochrome, a ... More


Chapter IV.

John Andrew Jackson

in The Experience of a Slave in South Carolina

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807869550
eISBN:
9781469602868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807869550.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter narrates Jackson's life as a young slave. His first job was as a scarecrow. He was given Indian meal cake to eat every day. He was later employed to plough. Around this time he fell in ... More


The Swing Plow as an Eighteenth-Century Universal Machine

James Livesey

in Provincializing Global History: Money, Ideas, and Things in the Languedoc, 1680-1830

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300237160
eISBN:
9780300249521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300237160.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter talks about cases of many intellectually complex, socially ubiquitous, and highly significant technological innovations, such as the development of fore and aft rigging for sailing ... More


Coercion in the Countryside

Bryce Evans

in Ireland during the Second World War: Farewell to Plato's Cave

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089510
eISBN:
9781781707531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089510.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

By virtue of her neutrality, Ireland was subjected to an economic squeeze which harshly impacted her agricultural economy. Without Allied help, the Irish food supply situation became critical. ... More


Agriculture

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

The period of Herbert Henry Asquith's administration saw the continuance of a prewar laissez-faire attitude towards agriculture, reflecting the political temperament of government, optimism that the ... More


The Agricultural Regime of Works and Days

Anthony T. Edwards

in Hesiod's Ascra

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236585
eISBN:
9780520929579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236585.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The evidence from Works and Days leads to the conclusion that Hesiod's Ascra was neither very centralized nor very hierarchized as a community. It is believed that by Hesiod's time the least ... More


Activism and Advocacy: The Depression Era

Jeffrey Geiger

in American Documentary Film: Projecting the Nation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621477
eISBN:
9780748670796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621477.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter 4 ranges between the late 1920s and the Second World War, charting the ‘invention’ of documentary film and outlining the social functions for which it commonly came to be known. The idea of ... More


Oxen Plough Teams

Camilla Toulmin

in Cattle, Women, and Wells: Managing Household Survival in the Sahel

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780198853046
eISBN:
9780191946486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853046.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Oxen-drawn ploughs are used for cultivating the land and weeding millet fields, allowing a much larger area to be farmed than would be possible by hand. This chapter presents the distribution of oxen ... More


Agronomy

David Moon

in The Plough that Broke the Steppes: Agriculture and Environment on Russia's Grasslands, 1700-1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199556434
eISBN:
9780191747243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556434.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

With the failure of tree planting and irrigation, Russians turned to agronomy. Over the nineteenth century, Russian agronomists and other scientists realised that relying on agricultural sciences ... More


Brungen of Bearwe: Ploughing Common Furrows in Exeter Book Riddle 21, The Dream of the Rood, and the Æcerbot Charm

Michael D. J. Bintley

in Trees and Timber in the Anglo-Saxon World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680795
eISBN:
9780191760839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680795.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This paper argues Exeter Book Riddle 21, The Dream of the Rood, and the Æcerbot Charm make use of a shared symbolic vocabulary derived from a common ideology of regeneration. These texts may reveal ... More


Breaking the Mould: Solving the Old English Riddle 12 as Wudu ‘Wood’

Pirkko Anneli Koppinen

in Trees and Timber in the Anglo-Saxon World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680795
eISBN:
9780191760839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680795.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Charm make use of a shared symbolic vocabulary derived from a common ideology of regeneration. These texts may reveal elements of religious beliefs pre-dating the Anglo-Saxon conversion that ... More


Toward an Industry

Zachary Dorner

in Merchants of Medicines: The Commerce and Coercion of Health in Britain's Long Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780226706801
eISBN:
9780226706948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226706948.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Before a medicine could become an imperial commodity, it first had to be made. This chapter examines the production of medicines by druggists, chemists, and apothecaries in London that together ... More


The Role of Technology

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of technology in military adaptation, and the markedly different challenges of technological adaptability at the tactical and institutional levels. At the tactical ... More


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