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Eros (I)

Anastasia-Erasmia Peponi

in Frontiers of Pleasure: Models of Aesthetic Response in Archaic and Classical Greek Thought

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199798322
eISBN:
9780199950393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199798322.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

One of the dividing lines Kant drew between the “beautiful” and the “agreeable” was the border between the absence and the presence of desire for an object apprehended aesthetically. Several modern ... More


Direct Arguments for Idealism in the First Dialogue between Hylas and Philonous

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter surveys, formulates, and evaluates Berkeley's main arguments for the foundational doctrine of his philosophy, namely that we perceive only our own ideas or, as he puts it, that sensible ... More


Spinoza’s Will to Power: How Does the Conatus Become a Desire to Increase Power?

Eugene Garver

in Spinoza and the Cunning of Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226575568
eISBN:
9780226575735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226575735.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Every finite thing tries to preserve itself. That desire for self-preservation, the conatus, is the actual essence of the individual. However, Spinoza argues that individuals—all or some—not only try ... More


Putting the “Stroppies” to Work: Philebus 42c–47d

Giles Pearson

in Plato's Philebus: A Philosophical Discussion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198803386
eISBN:
9780191841583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803386.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 9 offers a detailed analysis of Philebus 42c–47d. Here, after first discussing a neutral state between pleasure and pain, Socrates introduces some ‘stroppy’ characters (duschereis) who are ... More


Early Utilitarians

Louis Narens and Brian Skyrms

in The Pursuit of Happiness: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Utility

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198856450
eISBN:
9780191889721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856450.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Bentham on measurement of utility has a rich set of ideas. Edgeworth follows Bentham and contemporary psychophysics. Mill adds less than is usually supposed. Jevons ducks the issue. There are ... More


Two Ways in which Pleasures can be False: Philebus 36c–42c

Panos Dimas

in Plato's Philebus: A Philosophical Discussion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198803386
eISBN:
9780191841583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803386.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 8 examines two ways in which Plato in the Philebus claims that pleasures can be false. The common interpretation of the first way—which occupies the main part of the chapter—comes in two ... More


Asymmetries in Value

Thomas Hurka

in Drawing Morals: Essays in Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199743094
eISBN:
9780190267544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743094.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter holds that value pairs do not necessarily maintain symmetry, which does not hold true in many instances. Consider for example that pleasure and pain would presumably cancel each other ... More


Neurobiology of Pleasure and Pain

Louis Narens and Brian Skyrms

in The Pursuit of Happiness: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Utility

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198856450
eISBN:
9780191889721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856450.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Does neurobiology deliver a Utilitarian measurement of pleasure and pain? Much remains unknown, but enough is known to show that neurobiology just makes the problems more complex and difficult.


Pleasure and Desire

Colin Marshall

in Compassionate Moral Realism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809685
eISBN:
9780191846953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809685.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter extends the argument of earlier chapters to cases of pleasure and desires. As before, it is argued that compassion is required to be in touch with other creatures’ states. After ... More


The Relational Nature of the Good

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678044
eISBN:
9780191757457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678044.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the relation of being good-for someone is prior to the property of being good. After discussing the views of Moore, Geach, Foot, and Rawls, the author argues that there are ... More


Jeremy Bentham: Philosophical Radical

Louis Narens and Brian Skyrms

in The Pursuit of Happiness: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Utility

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198856450
eISBN:
9780191889721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856450.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Bentham used Utilitarian thinking to successfully drive social reform. He had a rich, unfinished, set of ideas about measurement of pleasure and pain.


Man’s “Vain and Insatiable Desires,” or the “Oeconomy of Greatness”

Miguel de Beistegui

in The Government of Desire: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226547374
eISBN:
9780226547404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547404.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Once the object of government is identified as population, the question becomes one of knowing whether, beneath all the natural variables that define a population, there is something like an ... More


‘Splendid testemunhos’: Documenting Atrocities, Bodies, and Desire in Roger Casement’s Black Diaries

Javier Uriarte

in Intimate Frontiers: A Literary Geography of the Amazon

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781786941831
eISBN:
9781789623598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941831.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This essay performs an analysis of the highly controversial and rarely studied personal diaries of this Irish diplomat and traveler. Within the Black Diaries it is possible to find the description of ... More


Strong-willed Akrasia

Vida Yao

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

To act akratically is to act, knowingly, against what you judge is best for you to do, and it is traditionally assumed that to do this is to be weak-willed. Some have rejected this identification of ... More


The Goodness of Death in Oedipus at Colonus

Franco V. Trivigno

in The Oedipus Plays of Sophocles: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190669447
eISBN:
9780190669485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190669447.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In Sophocles’s Oedipus at Colonus, the third choral ode presents a dark and pessimistic view of human life, whereby it is best never to have been born and second best to die young. This chapter ... More


The Case Against Meat

Ben Bramble

in The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199353903
eISBN:
9780199353934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199353903.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

There is a simple but powerful argument against the human practice of raising and killing animals for food (RKF for short). It goes like this: (1) RKF is extremely bad for animals; (2) RKF is only ... More


A Note on the Neurobiology of Emotions

Antonio R. Damasio

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Altruistic love is an emotion, a very complex emotion. It is a naturally a very complex feeling. Feelings are the mental representation of all the changes that occur in the body and in the brain ... More


Intelligent Machinery, A Heretical Theory (c.1951)

Alan Turing

in The Essential Turing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198250791
eISBN:
9780191916526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198250791.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Turing gave the presentation ‘Intelligent Machinery, A Heretical Theory’ on a radio discussion programme called The ’51 Society. Named after the year in which the programme first went to air, The ... More


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