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Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

David Hodgson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In recent years, philosophical discussions of free will have focused largely on whether or not free will is compatible with determinism. In this challenging book, David Hodgson takes a fresh approach ... More


Neural Networks and Brain Function

Edmund Rolls and Alessandro Treves

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The aim of this book is to describe the types of computation that can be performed by biologically plausible neural networks, and to show how these may be implemented in different systems in the ... More


Conclusion

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book has argued that the Christian revelation satisfies the four tests of a genuine revelation from God very well: the content of the original revelation is plausible, it was confirmed by a ... More


Knowledge-Closure and Skepticism

Marian David and Ted A. Warfield

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with some preliminary remarks about epistemic closure principles, knowledge-closure principles in particular, and the role of knowledge-closure principles in sceptical ... More


Prospective: Artifact and Control 1

Donald T. Campbell

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses philosophical and methodological view of artifacts, including practical procedures for coping with artifacts.


Introduction

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The Introduction introduces the problem of free will and responsibility, and the book's contention that what we do is not the inexorable playing out of the role in life given to us by our genes and ... More


Plausible Reasoning

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 3, I consider one very important aspect of our rationality, namely our ability to engage in plausible reasoning; that is, reasoning in which the premises or data do not entail the ... More


How Gestalts Promote Rationality

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 6, I consider in more detail how the grasp of gestalts contributes to reasonable decision-making, in particular (1) by non-human animals that have conscious experiences somewhat like ours, ... More


Aggressive Interrogation and Retributive Justice: A Proposed Psychological Model

Avani Mehta Sood and Kevin M. Carlsmith

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The use of aggressive interrogation techniques on terrorism suspects is typically justified on utilitarian grounds. This chapter presents evidence that those who support such techniques are actually ... More


The Price of Access: Contracts and Corruption

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199929825
eISBN:
9780199950485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 8 examines the deteriorating levels of corruption in Central Asia and explores how outside actors have contributed to some of these practices. The chapter overviews alleged corruption ... More


The Trouble with Justice

Christopher W. Morris

in Morality and Self-Interest

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305845
eISBN:
9780199851539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305845.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks the reader to contrast justice with some of the other central virtues—for instance, prudence, courage, temperance, or wisdom. Justice is different. Unlike these others, it is ... More


Pleasure as a Feeling—1

J. C. B. Gosling

in Pleasure and Desire: The Case of Hedonism Reviewed

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243397
eISBN:
9780191680670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243397.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a plausible view that ‘pleasure’ stands for a feeling with which all people are familiar with. The word ‘feeling’ has a number of uses, while the word ‘pleasure’ does not stand ... More


Paramilitarism: Mass Violence in the Shadow of the State

Uğur Ümit Üngör

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198825241
eISBN:
9780191863950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825241.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

From the deserts of Sudan to the jungles of Colombia, and from the streets of Belfast to the mountains of Kurdistan, paramilitaries have appeared in violent conflicts in very different settings. ... More


Epilogue: Presentist Dystopias or the Case for Environmental Humanities

Anne Fuchs

in Precarious Times: Temporality and History in Modern German Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501735103
eISBN:
9781501734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501735103.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This epilogue connects the analysis of time and temporality with a broader perspective on the future direction of the humanities. In 2017, the renowned German writer Juli Zeh published Leere Herzen ... More


The Organization of Paramilitarism

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in Paramilitarism: Mass Violence in the Shadow of the State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198825241
eISBN:
9780191863950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825241.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

How is paramilitary violence organized? Many studies of violent conflicts have demonstrated the central role of paramilitaries in the perpetration of violence against civilians. The organization of ... More


Would Stimulus without Debt Work in a Plausible Model?

Laurence Seidman

in How to Combat Recession: Stimulus without Debt

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190462178
eISBN:
9780190462208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462178.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Laurence Seidman and Kenneth Lewis (2015) studied the impact of stimulus without debt in a plausible macroeconomic model. In this model, stimulus without debt definitely works in a severe recession. ... More


Plausible Deniability: The Challenges in Prosecuting Paramilitary Violence in the Former Yugoslavia

Iva Vukušić

in Perpetrators of International Crimes: Theories, Methods, and Evidence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829997
eISBN:
9780191868375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829997.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Outsourcing illegal violence and plausible deniability feature among the main reasons for states to establish, finance, equip, and direct actions of paramilitary units. Political and military leaders ... More


How to Manage Your Policy Network

R. A. W. Rhodes

in Network Governance and the Differentiated Polity: Selected Essays, Volume I

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198786108
eISBN:
9780191827785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786108.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Managing policy networks has become a major focus of both scholars and practitioners. The key characteristics of policy networks that shape their management are: trust, diplomacy, and reciprocity. ... More


Plausible Deniability

Clement Guitton

in Inside the Enemy's Computer: Identifying Cyber Attackers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190699994
eISBN:
9780190848507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699994.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

What does it mean for a cyber attack to be plausibly deniable? And, more to the point, how can states engineer plausible deniability? This chapter makes two related arguments that run against common ... More


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