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Pollination in Different Habitats

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines pollination that occurs in different kinds of ecosystems and habitats, along with the implications for plant–pollinator interactions. It begins with a discussion of pollination ... More


An Introduction to Complex Networks

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mutualisms can involve dozens, even hundreds, of species and this complexity has precluded a serious community-wide approach to plant–animal interactions. The most straightforward way to describe ... More


Linkages between plant and soil biological communities

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the various ways that plants and soil biota influence each other, and highlights some of the recent findings on the links that exist between plants and soil biological ... More


Phenotypic Plasticity

Kailen A. Mooney and Anurag A. Agrawal

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Phenotypic plasticity is the ability of an organism, a single genotype, to exhibit different phenotypes in different environments. It is nearly ubiquitous in nature and occurs in various animal and ... More


Manipulation of plant phenotypes by insects and insect-borne pathogens

Mark C. Mescher

in Host Manipulation by Parasites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642236
eISBN:
9780191774621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642236.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Plants dominate the biomass of terrestrial ecosystems and lie at the centre of most community interaction webs. Consequently, changes in plant phenotypes induced by manipulative parasites have ... More


The Phylogenetic Dimension of Insect-Plant Interactions: A Review of Recent Evidence

Isaac S. Winkler and Charles Mitter

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the early 1990s, spurred in part by the increasing accessibility of molecular systematics, there has been a happy profusion of phylogenetic studies of interacting insect and plant lineages. The ... More


Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological communities consist of species that interact to varying degrees within the same geographical area, and so by definition exist within a landscape context. This chapter begins by reviewing ... More


Coevolution, Cryptic Speciation, and the Persistence of Interactions

John N. Thompson

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

An almost-inevitable consequence of the geographic mosaic of coevolution, at least in widespread species, is the formation of one or more highly divergent populations that have the potential to form ... More


Conservation of Coevolved Insect Herbivores and Plants

Carol L. Boggs and Paul R. Ehrlich

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

One cannot consider the conservation of plants without thinking about their relationship with the creatures that eat them; and herbivorous insects have long been among the worst enemies of the global ... More


Ant-Plant Interactions

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) are probably the most dominant insect group on earth, both ecologically and numerically. They are so abundant that approximately 8 million individuals live underground ... More


Overview and Perspectives

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ants are probably the most dominant insect family on earth, and flowering plants have been the dominant plant group on land for more than 100 million years. The evolutionary success of angiosperms ... More


Herbivory and Other Cross-Kingdom Interactions on Harsh Soils

Sharon Y. Strauss and Robert S. Boyd

in Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268357
eISBN:
9780520948457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268357.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Edaphically stressful substrates, like serpentine, present plants with challenges that differ from other substrates. Stressful substrates often require plant adaptations to toxicity stressors such as ... More


Antagonism and Mutualism: Direct Interactions

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although the origin of some mutualisms (for example, pollination and seed dispersal) mostly involves a change in the outcome of the interaction (from antagonism to mutualism), other mutualisms are ... More


Experimental treatments

David J. Gibson

in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199671465
eISBN:
9780191792496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The first section of this chapter provides advice on issues related to appropriate establishment of experimental treatments including identification of the experimental unit and avoiding hidden ... More


Plant Competition and Facilitation in Systems with Strong Environmental Gradients

Kara A. Moore and Sarah C. Elmendorf

in Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268357
eISBN:
9780520948457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268357.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter explores how plant interactions and their effects on community organization vary with stress, productivity, and environmental heterogeneity in serpentine ecosystems and along their ... More


Community-level consequences of habitat construction and eco-devo responses

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

The complex ecological interactions that structure natural communities are shaped by organismic effects on external environments (habitat construction) and by individual phenotypic adjustments ... More


Plant-Animal Communication

H. Martin Schaefer and Graeme D. Ruxton

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199563609
eISBN:
9780191810060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199563609.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Communication is an essential factor underpinning the interactions between species and the structure of their communities. Plant–animal interactions are particularly diverse due to the complex nature ... More


Variation in Ant-Plant Interactions

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The distribution of species is far from even, creating a spatial mosaic of species richness. In general, the tropics contain more species than equivalent areas at higher latitudes, although ... More


The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ants are probably the most dominant insect group on Earth, representing 10–15 percent of animal biomass in terrestrial ecosystems. Flowering plants, meanwhile, owe their evolutionary success to an ... More


Host-Plant Use, Diversification, and Coevolution: Insights from Remote Oceanic Islands

George K. Roderick and Diana M. Percy

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Insects and flowering plants are among the most diverse macroorganisms on earth, and their mutual interactions provide little doubt that each group is in part responsible for the others' diversity. ... More


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