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Managing Evolution: Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Farmers (beginning in the Neolithic), amateur and professional plant breeders in the last several centuries, and now molecular biologists have greatly increased our ability to genetically manipulate ... More


What Won’t Work: Tradeof-Blind Biotechnology

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the challenge of improving crop resource-use efficiency using biotechnology or traditional plant breeding. It argues that some of biotechnology's stated goals, such as more ... More


Darwinian Agriculture’s Three Core Principles

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the three core principles of Darwinian agriculture. First, natural selection is fast enough, and has been improving plants and animals for long enough, that it has left few ... More


The Debate on Plant Variety Protection

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter considers the elements of plant breeding in relation to the debate on plant variety production. It considers the second biggest barrier to agricultural trade, which is caused when poor ... More


People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Denis J Murphy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This book provides an overview of human-plant interactions and their social consequences, from the hunter-gatherers of the Palaeolithic Era to the 21st century molecular manipulation of crops. It ... More


Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

R. Ford Denison

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As human populations grow and resources are depleted, agriculture will need to use land, water, and other resources more efficiently and without sacrificing long-term sustainability. This book ... More


Crop Technologies for the Coming Decade

Susan McCouch and Samuel Crowell

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Global population and income growth are drastically increasing the demand for food, feed, fiber, and fuel crops. Productivity gains, particularly in Asia and Africa, are essential for mitigating ... More


Repaying Darwin’s Debt to Agriculture

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book proposes new approaches to improving agriculture based on the principles of evolutionary biology and natural selection. It argues that two popular approaches to improving agriculture, ... More


Breeding and Biotechnology

Brad Chapman, Candelario Mondragon Jacobo, Ronald A. Bunch, and Andrew H. Paterson

in Cacti: Biology and Uses

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231573
eISBN:
9780520927889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Cacti are well adapted to arid and semiarid regions where food and fodder crops are limited. Their ability to thrive in these environments makes them of immediate interest to breeders and molecular ... More


Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

David A. Cleveland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

We are in the middle of a major, long-term food crisis—how do we get out of it? The goal of Balancing on a Planet is to empower readers to analyze the challenges facing the agrifood system so they ... More


Maintaining Crop Diversity On-Farm and Off

Stephen B. Brush

in Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100495
eISBN:
9780300130140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100495.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the conservation of crop resources, with a focus on in situ, or on-farm, conservation. A number of different strategies are proposed to promote in situ conservation. One ... More


Family-Based Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

A number of selection schemes (especially in plant breeding) are based on using family information. Individuals may be chosen based on the mean of their families (among-family selection), on their ... More


Organisms as Manufactures

Alain Pottage and Brad Sherman

in Figures of Invention: A History of Modern Patent Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199595631
eISBN:
9780191807282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199595631.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines whether products of nature and living organisms such as plants can be considered manufactures or inventions that are patentable. It first discusses the relevant provisions of ... More


Can the Trade Regime Lead to Sustainable Development?

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter demonstrates how the CBD can work along with trade agreements. It shows how the success of the CBD is measured, and compares the CBD to the UPOV. It notes that the CBD provides access to ... More


The Chemical Phenotypes (Chemotypes) of Cannabis

Etienne de Meijer

in Handbook of Cannabis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199662685
eISBN:
9780191787560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662685.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Chemical phenotypes (chemotypes) of Cannabis are defined by the content and composition of their cannabinoid fraction. This chapter describes the current diversity of chemotypes and discusses their ... More


Introduction

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introduction outlines the aims of the book and situates it within the histories of plant breeding, genetics, and biotechnology, American agriculture, and technological innovation. It explains why ... More


Breeding Structure of Neotropical Dry-Forest Tree Species in Fragmented Landscapes

James L. Hamrick and Victoria J. Apsit

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter is concerned with plant breeding structure in fragmented landscapes. It first examines the theoretical effects of fragmentation on the genetic composition of forest tree populations. It ... More


Creating Needs for Golden Rice

Aya Hirata Kimura

in Hidden Hunger: Gender and the Politics of Smarter Foods

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451645
eISBN:
9780801467691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451645.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter focuses on Indonesia's biofortification programs. The program uses plant-breeding technologies to develop food crops that are rich in micronutrients. In contrast with conventional ... More


Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Helen Anne Curry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the middle decades of the twentieth century, Americans celebrated a series of strange tools as the likely harbingers of an agricultural revolution. These included x-ray devices, a toxic chemical ... More


Geneticists on the farm: agriculture and the all-English loaf

Berris Charnley

in Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the first years of the twentieth century geneticists promised a revolution in plant breeding that would bring new forms of agriculture. This chapter tracks the successes and failures of the first ... More


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