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Beyond existence

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Gravity is responsible not only for the existence of stars and planets; it also creates the weirdest objects imaginable. A body with mass greater than 1.4 solar masses cannot remain a white dwarf and ... More


PLANETARY EVOLUTION AND COMPARATIVE CLIMATOLOGY

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter looks at climate change in the broader planetary sense. It examines evolutionary process in planetary atmospheres, with an application to the modelling of the evolution of the Earth's ... More


Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis

Michael Ward

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195313871
eISBN:
9780199871964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313871.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

As a scholar of medieval and renaissance literature, C.S. Lewis was deeply interested in the imaginative effects of the new heliocentric model of the universe theorised by Copernicus and verified by ... More


Conclusion

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This concluding chapter discusses some of the lessons that can be learned from studying the planets and planetary climates. It first considers the general principles that turned out to be right; for ... More


Photosynthesis

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Photosynthesis — both anoxygenic and oxygenic — allows access to new sources of energy. Oxygenic photosynthesis has the potential to create an oxygen-rich atmosphere and so allow aerobic respiration, ... More


Out of the Silent Planet: Cosmic Anthropology: Race and Reason on Planet Mars

Sanford Schwartz

in C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter examines the first novel in the series, Out of the Silent Planet. It is based on the premise that the physically damaged but “unfallen” world of Malacandra (Mars) is a sublimated or ... More


Conclusion: Further Transpositions: Ransom, Violence, and the Sacred

Sanford Schwartz

in C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The conclusion brings together the various concerns of this study by focusing on the relations among three pivotal scenes that take place at precisely the same point in each of the three novels—the ... More


Wisdom: Sages and Gods

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The ideal of wisdom—and citizenship in the cosmos—is explored in detail, both regarding ideal human agents and gods. The view that the sage is strictly omniscient is rejected; rather, the sage's ... More


Schwarzschild Spacetime and Black Holes

Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat

in General Relativity and the Einstein Equations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230723
eISBN:
9780191710872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230723.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of spherically symmetric spacetimes, the Schwarzschild metric, and other coordinates. It then covers Schwarzschild spacetime, the motion of the planets and ... More


What Is It about Planet Earth?

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter begins by highlighting the three basic ingredients for life: energy, the chemical components that make up cells, and water. It then shows that the availability of each of these is linked ... More


Generalization by Induction (Propositions 5 and 6 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I is devoted to Newton’s argument for proposition 5 and his important Rule 4 for reasoning in natural philosophy. Rule 4 is a very informative characterization of theory acceptance for Newton ... More


Gravity as a Universal Force of Interaction (Propositions 7–13 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I reviews Newton’s argument for his conceptual transition from gravity as centripetal forces of attraction toward planets to gravity as a universal force of pair-wise interaction between bodies. ... More


Introduction: The Diversity of Planetary Climates

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This book examines the fundamental physical processes that control planetary climates, from convection and radiation to escape of atmospheres, evaporation, condensation, atmospheric chemistry, and ... More


Uranus, Neptune, and Exoplanets

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on the climates of Uranus, Neptune, and exoplanets. Uranus spins on its side, which allows a comparison between sunlight and rotation for their effects on weather patterns. In ... More


On the Disadvantages of Being a Complex Organism: Aristotle and the scala naturae

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Does Aristotle have a scala naturae in which humans are ranked higher than the other animals? Is it better to be human than to be something else? This chapter shows that Aristotle's sequence of ... More


Portrait of the Universe

Katharina Volk

in Manilius and his Intellectual Background

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199265220
eISBN:
9780191708800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265220.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The chapter discusses the first Book of Manilius' Astronomica, his description of the universe, before the background of ancient cosmology. After examining general notions about the cosmos that were ... More


The Rules of Fate

Katharina Volk

in Manilius and his Intellectual Background

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199265220
eISBN:
9780191708800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265220.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The chapter dicusses the system of astrology that Manilius describes in Books 2-5 of his Astronomica. It begins with an exposition of the tenets of ancient astrology, pointing out that Manilius' ... More


Morgan Llwyd and the spiritualization of astrology

Mark Williams

in Fiery Shapes: Celestial Portents and Astrology in Ireland and Wales 700–1700

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199571840
eISBN:
9780191594434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571840.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter undertakes a reading of the longest astrological poem in the Welsh language, the Puritan writer Morgan Llwyd's idiosyncratic 172-stanza Gwyddor Vchod, ‘Heavenly Science’. Llwyd's poem is ... More


From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The birth and evolution of our solar system is a tantalizing mystery that may one day provide answers to the question of human origins. This book tells the remarkable story of how the celestial ... More


The Home Planet

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Earth: A Tenant's Manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801478239
eISBN:
9780801466212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801478239.003.0002
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter sets out to define the boundaries and explore the limits of the globe. After establishing the planet Earth as the central pivot around which the discussion will revolve, the chapter ... More


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