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Obstetric Haemorrhage

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses obstetric haemorrhage, one of the main causes of maternal mortality in history. Obstetric haemorrhage can be very sudden, unexpected, and alarmingly copious, and anyone who has ... More


Ultrasound as an ancillary investigation in the management of pregnancy

Amy B. Levine and Charles J. Lockwood

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the role of ultrasound as an ancillary technique in the establishment of gestational age; diagnosis of placenta previa; identification of intrauterine growth retardation; and ... More


Choriocarcinoma

JULIE R. PALMER and COLLEEN M. FELTMATE

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0056
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Gestational choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare cancer that occurs in women of childbearing age. The malignancy arises from the trophoblastic epithelium of the placenta, which is formed from ... More


Ripples across generations and nations in birth destinies and postnatal care

Barbara Rogoff

in Developing Destinies: A Mayan Midwife and Town

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195319903
eISBN:
9780199893744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319903.003.0106
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Sacred Mayan midwives have the responsibility of reading signs of the newborn's future and unveiling special destinies shown by birth signs, such as those revealing that the newborn is a sacred ... More


Multiple Forms of Aromatase in Suiformes: Tissue Distribution, Regulation, and Functional Significance

Alan Conley, Veronica N. Orr, Brian C. Trainor, Trish Berger, and Austin Hughes

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Pigs have three CYP19 genes encoding functional paralogues of aromatase cytochrome P450 expressed tissue specifically in the gonads/hypothalamus, placenta, and preimplantation blastocyst. Gene ... More


The Mammalian Explosion

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter looks specifically at the placental mammals. The distinctive feature of this extraordinary group is that they bear live young, with the embryo being nourished within the mother's womb by ... More


Animal Models of the Maternal Stress Risk Factor for Schizophrenia

Paul H. Patterson

in The Origins of Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151245
eISBN:
9780231521925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151245.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines animal models for maternal stress to discuss its risk factors for schizophrenia. Epidemiologic evidence implicates maternal stress as a risk factor for schizophrenia in the ... More


Vital Shields

Harry Walker

in Under a Watchful Eye: Self, Power, and Intimacy in Amazonia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273597
eISBN:
9780520954212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273597.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how material and discursive practices of infant care intersect in laying foundations for the development of subjectivity and agency. It also highlights the mutual constitution ... More


Conceiving the Conjugal Body

Harry Walker

in Under a Watchful Eye: Self, Power, and Intimacy in Amazonia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273597
eISBN:
9780520954212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273597.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the construction of marriage and ritual co-parenthood and their basis in procreation, childbirth, and the emergence of proto-subjectivity. It examines the “shame” experienced by ... More


Toxic Invasion

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Until recently, we thought that the placenta would protect the fetus against external hazards and that most birth defects were heritable. But a discovery made in Australia in 1940 showed that German ... More


Dr Smellie’s London cases

Robert Woods and Chris Galley

in Mrs Stone & Dr Smellie: Eighteenth-Century Midwives and their Patients

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381410
eISBN:
9781781382158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381410.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter reprints a selection of William Smellie's case notes from London. These cases are taken from A Collection of Cases and Observations in Midwifery. By William Smellie, MD, To Illustrate ... More


Birth

Lisa Yarger

in Lovie: The Story of a Southern Midwife and an Unlikely Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630052
eISBN:
9781469630076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630052.003.0031
Subject:
History, Family History

Joy and Kenny's son Eli is born. Lovie examines the placenta for missing pieces. Lovie narrates her role in the postpartum stage and directs Joy, Kenny and the narrator in their roles. Lovie ... More


Reproduction

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sexual reproduction may have evolved to address the threat from parasites. There is a broad range of reproductive strategies across species. The investment of males and females in reproduction is ... More


Can Evolution Inform Insights into Normal and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes and Ultimately Improve Maternal and Fetal Care?

Heide Aungst, Robert Rossi, Heather Brockway, Sam Mesiano, and Louis Muglia

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Human survival, like all mammals’, is dependent upon successful pregnancy, the characteristics of which have been subjected to strong evolutionary pressures. This selection process for optimizing ... More


Choriocarcinoma

Julie R. Palmer

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0050
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Gestational choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare cancer that occurs in women of childbearing age. The malignancy arises from the trophoblastic epithelium of the placenta, which is formed from ... More


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