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The Pilot Model and the Big ACE on the web

Benjamin Wells

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes software emulators for the Pilot ACE. The first known software emulator of the Pilot ACE was built in Visual BASIC by Donald Davies in the early 1990s. In spring 2001, two ... More


Kamikaze, 1943–5

Peter Hill

in Making Sense of Suicide Missions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199276998
eISBN:
9780191707735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276998.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the ‘Kamikaze’, which refers to all premeditated suicide missions (SMs) conducted by the Japanese military from October 1944 to August 1945. During this period, over 3,000 ... More


The Masters Were Still in Charge: January 1776–August 1776

William R. Ryan

in The World of Thomas Jeremiah: Charles Town on the Eve of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387285
eISBN:
9780199775774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387285.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter illustrates how a mass exodus of slaves in Georgia (at Tybee Island) and a loyalist uprising in North Carolina hastened the drafting of an extremely conservative state constitution for ... More


The American National Election Studies and the Importance of New Ideas

Jon A. Krosnick and Arthur Lupia

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains the introduction of certain changes to the ANES, in response to the National Science Foundation's 2004 challenge to the scholarly community to update the ANES in ways that would ... More


How the ANES Used Online Commons Proposals and Pilot Study Reports to Develop Its 2008 Questionnaires

Jon A. Krosnick and Arthur Lupia

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the manner by which the ANES converted the insights of many people into strong and innovative questionnaires. This description is broken into two stages to reflect the nature ... More


Observing the future

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

New technology in the form of video, GPS trackers, and other equipment has opened up the observation of behaviour in ways that were unimaginable before. It is now possible to follow animals ... More


The Pilot ACE at the National Physical Laboratory 1

James H. Wilkinson

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the pilot Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project at the National Physical Laboratory. The Pilot ACE had been designed purely as an experimental machine to demonstrate the ... More


The ACE and the shaping of British computing

Martin Campbell-Kelly

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the legacy of the ACE to British computing. Design of the ACE began in earnest in 1953, when the pilot machine was complete, although physical construction did not start until ... More


The Pilot ACE instruction format

Henry John Norton

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with the author's recollections about Alan M. Turing while working at the National Physical Laboratory. It then discusses the Pilot ACE Instruction Set Architecture (ISA). The ISA ... More


Programming the Pilot ACE

J. G. Hayes

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents an overview of the programming process for the Pilot ACE. This programme was for the back-substitution phase of solving a set of linear algebraic equations, with multiple ... More


The Pilot ACE: from concept to reality

Robin A. Vowels

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the development of the Pilot ACE, including the architecture, programming, and performance. The Pilot ACE was a general purpose computer of the serial type, with a clock ... More


Applications of the Pilot ACE and the DEUCE

Tom Vickers

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses applications of the Pilot ACE. These applications include linear equations, photogrammetry, traffic simulation, matrix programmes, demonstration programmes, and ... More


The ACE Test Assembly, the Pilot ACE, the Big ACE, and the Bendix G15

Harry D. Huskey

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the ENIAC and the EDVAC projects in the US. The author then describes his work at the National Physical Laboratory. Topics covered include the ACE Test ... More


The DEUCE—a user's view

Robin A. Vowels

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes the origins and development of the English Electric DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine), the production machine derived from the ACE Pilot Model. The DEUCE ... More


Circuit design of the Pilot ACE and the Big ACE

David O. Clayden

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0020
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes circuit design of the Pilot ACE and Big ACE. Topics covered include the advantages of the long tailed pair in digital circuits, the half-adder and adder circuits, signal ... More


Ending the Specialty Hospital Wars: A Plea for Pilot Programs as Information-Forcing Regulatory Design

Frank Pasquale

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter focuses on the need for more targeted assessment of the impact of market forces on communities. Pilot programs encourage experimentation in the delivery system without risking widespread ... More


Planning the Randomized Controlled Trial

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 3 discusses the requisite research necessary for designing and conducting a full-scale RCT. Preliminary efforts include assessing and negotiating within possible settings, assessing the ... More


Concluding Thoughts

John H. Aldrich and Kathleen M. McGraw

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reflects on the strengths and weaknesses of the content of the 2006 ANES Pilot Study as it played out in practice as perhaps the primary platform for the study of public opinion and ... More


De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?

Antony Valentini

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter replies to claims that the pilot-wave theory of de Broglie and Bohm is really a many-worlds theory with a superfluous configuration appended to one of the worlds. Assuming that ... More


Reply to Valentini, ‘De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?’

Harvey Brown

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The reality of the patterns in the wave-function representing different worlds is not like that of locality and the uncertainty relations, which hold only for the equilibrium distribution. Nor, in ... More


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